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INDIAN BARE ACTS

THE ELECTRICITY ACT, 2003

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THE ELECTRICITY ACT, 2003

English: Electricity supply building and pylon...

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[No. 36 OF 2003]
An Act to consolidate the laws relating to generation, transmission, distribution,
trading and use of electricity and generally for taking measures conducive to
development of electricity industry, promoting competition therein, protecting
interest of consumers and supply of electricity to all areas, rationalisation of
electricity tariff, ensuring transparent policies regarding subsidies, promotion of
efficient and environmentally benign policies constitution of Central Electricity
Authority, Regulatory Commissions and establishment of Appellate Tribunal
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Short title, extent
and
commencement
Definitions
and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty- fourth Year of the Republic of India as
follows: –
PART I
PRELIMINARY
1. (1) This Act may be called the Electricity Act, 2003.
(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and
Kashmir.
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may,
by notification, appoint:
Provided that different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this
Act and any reference in any such provision to the commencement of this Act shall
be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision.
2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,
(1) “Appellate Tribunal” means the Appellate Tribunal for Electricity
established under section 110;
(2) “appointed date” means such date as the Central Government may, by
notification, appoint;
(3) “area of supply” means the area within which a distribution licensee is
authorised by his licence to supply electricity;
(4) “Appropriate Commission” means the Central Regulatory Commission
referred to in sub-section (1) of section 76 or the State Regulatory
Commission referred to in section 82 or the Joint Commission referred to in
section 83, as the case may be ;
(5) “Appropriate Government” means, –
(a) the Central Government, –
(i) in respect of a generating company wholly or partly
owned by it;
(ii) in relation to any inter-State generation, transmission,
trading or supply of electricity and with respect to any
mines, oil-fields, railways, national highways, airports,
telegraphs, broadcasting stations and any works of
defence, dockyard, nuclear power installations;
(iii) in respect of National Load Despatch Centre; and
Regional Load Despatch Centre;
(iv) in relation to any works or electric installation belonging
to it or under its control ;
(b) in any other case, the State Government, having jurisdiction
under this Act;
(6) “Authority “ means the Central Electricity Authority referred to in
sub-section(1) of section 70;
(7) “Board” means, a State Electricity Board, constituted before the
commencement of this Act, under sub-section (I) of section 5 of the
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commencement of this Act, under sub-section (I) of section 5 of the
Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948;
(8) “ Captive generating plant” means a power plant set up by any person
to generate electricity primarily for his own use and includes a power
plant set up by any co-operative society or association of persons for
generating electricity primarily for use of members of such cooperative
society or association;
(9) “Central Commission” means the Central Electricity Regulatory
Commission referred to in sub-section (1) of section 76;
(10) “Central Transmission Utility” means any Government company
which the Central Government may notify under sub-section (1) of
section 38;
(11) ” Chairperson” means the Chairperson of the Authority or Appropriate
Commission or the Appellate Tribunal as the case may be;
(12) “ Cogeneration” means a process which simultaneously produces two
or more forms of useful energy (including electricity);
(13) “company” means a company formed and registered under the
Companies Act, 1956 and includes any body corporate under a Central,
State or Provincial Act;
(14) “conservation” means any reduction in consumption of electricity as a
result of increase in the efficiency in supply and use of electricity;
(15) “consumer” means any person who is supplied with electricity for his
own use by a licensee or the Government or by any other person
engaged in the business of supplying electricity to the public under
this Act or any other law for the time being in force and includes any
person whose premises are for the time being connected for the
purpose of receiving electricity with the works of a licensee, the
Government or such other person, as the case may be;
(16) ” Dedicated Transmission Lines ” means any electric supply line for
point to point transmission which are required for the purpose of
connecting electric lines or electric plants of a captive generating plant
referred to in section 9 or generating station referred to in section 10 to
any transmission lines or sub-stations or generating stations or the load
centre, as the case may be;
(17) “distribution licensee” means a licensee authorised to operate and
maintain a distribution system for supplying electricity to the
consumers in his area of supply;
(18) “distributing main” means the portion of any main with which a
service line is, or is intended to be, immediately connected;
(19) “distribution system” means the system of wires and associated
facilities between the delivery points on the transmission lines or the
generating station connection and the point of connection to the
installation of the consumers;
(20) “electric line” means any line which is used for carrying electricity for
any purpose and includes
(a) any support for any such line, that is to say, any structure, tower,
pole or other thing in, on, by or from which any such line is, or
may be, supported, carried or suspended; and
1 of 1956
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(b) any apparatus connected to any such line for the purpose of
carrying electricity;
(21) “Electrical Inspector” means a person appointed as such by the
Appropriate Government under sub-section (1) of section 162 and also
includes Chief Electrical Inspector;
(22) “electrical plant” means any plant, equipment, apparatus or appliance or
any part thereof used for, or connected with, the generation,
transmission, distribution or supply of electricity but does not include-
(a) an electric line; or
(b) a meter used for ascertaining the quantity of electricity supplied to
any premises; or
(c) an electrical equipment, apparatus or appliance under the control
of a consumer;
(23) “electricity” means electrical energy-
(a) generated, transmitted, supplied or traded for any purpose; or
(b) used for any purpose except the transmission of a message;
1 of 1956
(24) “Electricity Supply Code” means the Electricity Supply Code specified
under section 50;
(25) “electricity system” means a system under the control of a generating
company or licensee, as the case may be, having one or more –
(a) generating stations; or
(b) transmission lines; or
(c) electric lines and sub-stations;
and when used in the context of a State or the Union, the entire
electricity system within the territories thereof;
(26) “electricity trader” means a person who has been granted a licence to
undertake trading in electricity under section 12;
(27) “ franchisee means a persons authorised by a distribution licensee to
distribute electricity on its behalf in a particular area within his area
of supply;
(28) “generating company” means any company or body corporate or
association or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, or
artificial juridical person, which owns or operates or maintains a
generating station;
(29) “generate” means to produce electricity from a generating station for
the purpose of giving supply to any premises or enabling a supply to
be so given;
(30) “generating station” or “ station” means any station for generating
electricity, including any building and plant with step-up transformer,
switch yard, switch-gear, cables or other appurtenant equipment, if
any used for that purpose and the site thereof, a site intended to be used
for a generating station, and any building used for housing the
operating staff of a generating station, and where electricity is
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operating staff of a generating station, and where electricity is
generated by water-power, includes penstocks, head and tail works,
main and regulating reservoirs, dams and other hydraulic works, but
does not in any case include any sub-station;
(31) “ Government company” shall have the meaning assigned to it in
section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956;
(32) “grid” means the high voltage backbone system of inter-connected
transmission lines, sub-stations and generating plants;
(33) “Grid Code” means the Grid Code specified by the Central Commission
under clause (h) of sub-station (1) of section 79;
(34) “Grid Standards” means the Grid Standards specified under clause (d)
of section 73 by the Authority;
(35) “high voltage line” means an electric line or cable of a nominal
voltage as may be specified by the Authority from time to time;
(36) “ inter-State transmission system” includes –
(i) any system for the conveyance of electricity by means of main
transmission line from the territory of one State to another State;
(ii) the conveyance of electricity across the territory of an intervening
State as well as conveyance within the State which is incidental to
such inter-State transmission of electricity;
(iii) the transmission of electricity within the territory of a State on a
system built, owned, operated, maintained or controlled by Central
Transmission Utility.
(37) “ intra -State transmission system” means any system for
transmission of electricity other than an inter-State transmission
system ;
(38) “ licence” means a licence granted under section 14;
(39) “ licensee “ means a person who has been granted a licence under
section 14;
(40) “ line” means any wire, cable, tube , pipe, insulator, conductor or
other similar thing (including its casing or coating) which is
designed or adapted for use in carrying electricity and includes any
line which surrounds or supports, or is surrounded or supported by
or is installed in close proximity to, or is supported, carried or
suspended in association with, any such line;
(41) “ local authority” means any Nagar Panchayat, Municipal Council,
municipal corporation, panchayat constituted at the village,
intermediate and district levels, body or port commissioners or other
authority legally entitled to, or entrusted by the Union or any State
Government with, the control or management of any area or local
fund;
(42) “main” means any electric supply-“` line through which electricity is,
or is intended to be, supplied ;
(43) “Member” means the Member of the Appropriate Commission or
Authority or Joint Commission, or the Appellate Tribunal, as the case
may be, and includes the Chairperson of such Commission or
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may be, and includes the Chairperson of such Commission or
Authority or appellate tribunal;
(44) “National Electricity Plan” means the National Electricity Plan notified
under sub-section (4) of section 3;
(45) “ National Load Despatch Centre” means the Centre established under
sub-section (1) of section 26;
(46) “ notification” means notification published in the Official Gazette and
the expression “ notify” shall be construed accordingly;
(47) “ open access” means the non-discriminatory provision for the use of
transmission lines or distribution system or associated facilities with
such lines or system by any licensee or consumer or a person engaged
in generation in accordance with the regulations specified by the
Appropriate Commission;
(48) “ overhead line” means an electric line which is placed above the ground
and in the open air but does not include live rails of a traction system;
(49) “ person” shall include any company or body corporate or association or
body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, or artificial juridical
person;
(50) “power system” means all aspects of generation, transmission,
distribution and supply of electricity and includes one or more of the
following, namely:-
(a) generating stations;
(b) transmission or main transmission lines;
(c) sub-stations;
(d) tie-lines;
(e) load despatch activities;
(f) mains or distribution mains;
(g) electric supply-lines;
(h) overhead lines;
(i) service lines;
(j) works;
(51) “ premises” includes any land, building or structure;
(52) “ prescribed” means prescribed by rules made by the Appropriate
Government under this Act;
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(53) “public lamp” means an electric lamp used for the lighting of any street;
(54) “real time operation” means action to be taken at a given time at which
information about the electricity system is made available to the
concerned Load Despatch Centre;
(55) “ Regional Power Committee” means a committee established by
resolution by the Central Government for a specified region for
facilitating the integrated operation of the power systems in that region;
(56) “Regional Load Despatch Centre” means the centre established under
sub-section (1) of section 27;
(57) “regulations” means regulations made under this Act;
(58) “ repealed laws” means the Indian Electricity Act, 1910, the Electricity
(Supply) Act, 1948 and the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act,
1998 repealed by section 185;
(59) “rules ” means rules made under this Act;
(60) “ schedule” means the schedule to this Act;
(61) “service-line” means any electric supply line through which electricity
is, or is intended to be,supplied –
(a) to a single consumer either from a distributing main or immediately
from the Distribution Licensee’s premises; or
(b) from a distributing main to a group of consumers on the same
premises or on contiguous premises supplied from the same point of
the distributing main;
(62) “specified” means specified by regulations made by the Appropriate
Commission or the Authority, as the case may be, under this Act;
(63) “ stand alone system” means the electricity system set up to generate
power and distribute electricity in a specified area without connection to
the grid;
(64) “State Commission” means the State Electricity Regulatory Commission
constituted under sub-section (1) of section 82 and includes a Joint
Commission constituted under sub-section (1) of section 83;
(65) “State Grid Code” means the State Grid Code referred under clause (h) of
sub-section (1) of section 86;
(66) “State Load Despatch Centre” means the centre established under subsection
(1) of section 31;
(67) “State Transmission Utility” means the Board or the Government
company specified as such by the State Government under sub-section (1)
of section 39;
(68) “street” includes any way, road, lane, square, court, alley, passage or open
space, whether a thoroughfare or not, over which the public have a right of
way, and also the roadway and footway over any public bridge or
causeway;
(69) “sub-station” means a station for transforming or converting electricity for
the transmission or distribution thereof and includes transformers,
9 of 1910
54 of 1948
14 of 1998
8
converters, switchgears, capacitors, synchronous condensers, structures,
cable and other appurtenant equipment and any buildings used for that
purpose and the site thereof;
(70) “supply”, in relation to electricity, means the sale of electricity to a licensee
or consumer;
(71) “trading” means purchase of electricity for resale thereof and the
expression “trade” shall be construed accordingly;
(72) “ transmission lines” means all high pressure cables and overhead lines
(not being an essential part of the distribution system of a licensee)
transmitting electricity from a generating station to another generating
station or a sub-station, together with any step-up and step-down
transformers, switch-gear and other works necessary to and used for the
control of such cables or overhead lines, and such buildings or part
thereof as may be required to accommodate such transformers, switchgear
and other works;
(73) “transmission licensee” means a licensee authorised to establish or
operate transmission lines;
(74) “transmit” means conveyance of electricity by means of transmission lines
and the expression “transmission” shall be construed accordingly;
(75) “utility” means the electric lines or electrical plant, and includes all lands,
buildings, works and materials attached thereto belonging to any person
acting as a generating company or licensee under the provisions of this
Act;
(76) “wheeling” means the operation whereby the distribution system and
associated facilities of a transmission licensee or distribution licensee, as
the case may be, are used by another person for the conveyance of
electricity on payment of charges to be determined under section 62;
(77) “works” includes electric line, and any building, plant, machinery,
apparatus and any other thing of whatever description required to transmit,
distribute or supply electricity to the public and to carry into effect the
objects of a licence or sanction granted under this Act or any other law for
the time being in force.
National
Electricity Policy
and Plan
PART II
NATIONAL ELECTRICITY POLICY AND PLAN
3. (1) The Central Government shall, from time to time, prepare the national
electricity policy and tariff policy, in consultation with the State Governments and
the Authority for development of the power system based on optimal utilisation of
resources such as coal, natural gas, nuclear substances or materials, hydro and
renewable sources of energy.
(2) The Central Government shall publish National Electricity Policy
and tariff policy from time to time.
(3) The Central Government may, from time to time, in consultation
with the State Governments and the Authority, review or revise, the National
Electricity Policy and tariff policy referred to in sub-section (1) .
(4) The Authority shall prepare a National Electricity Plan in
accordance with the National Electricity Policy and notify such plan once in five
years:
.
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National policy
on stand alone
systems for
rural areas and
nonconventional
energy systems.
National policy
on
electrification
and local
distribution in
rural areas.
Obligations to
supply electricity
to rural areas.
Generating
Company and
requirement for
setting up of
generating
station
Hydro-electric
generation
Provided that the Authority in preparing the National Electricity
Plan shall publish the draft National Electricity Plan and invite suggestions and
objections thereon from licensees, generating companies and the public within such
time as may be prescribed:
Provided further that the Authority shall –
(a) notify the plan after obtaining the approval of the Central Government;
(b) revise the plan incorporating therein the directions, if any, given by the
Central Government while granting approval under clause (a).
(5) The Authority may review or revise the National Electricity Plan in
accordance with the National Electricity Policy.
4. The Central Government shall, after consultation with the State
Governments, prepare and notify a national policy, permitting stand alone systems
(including those based on renewable sources of energy and non-conventional
sources of energy ) for rural areas.
5. The Central Government shall also formulate a national policy, in consultation
with the State Governments and the State Commissions, for rural electrification
and for bulk purchase of power and management of local distribution in rural areas
through Panchayat Institutions, users’ associations, co-operative socities, non-
Governmental organisations or franchisees.
6. The Appropriate Government shall endeavour to supply electricity to
all areas including villages and hamlets.
PART III
GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY
7. Any generating company may establish, operate and maintain a generating
station without obtaining a licence under this Act if it complies with the technical
standards relating to connectivity with the grid referred to in clause (b) of
section 73.
8. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 7, any generating company
intending to set-up a hydro-generating station shall prepare and submit to the
Authority for its concurrence, a scheme estimated to involve a capital expenditure
exceeding such sum, as may be fixed by the Central Government, from time to
time, by notification.
(2) The Authority shall, before concurring in any scheme
submitted to it under sub-section (1) have particular regard to, whether or not in
its opinion,-
(a) the proposed river-works will prejudice the prospects for the best
ultimate development of the river or its tributaries for power generation, consistent
with the requirements of drinking water, irrigation, navigation, flood-control, or
other public purposes, and for this purpose the Authority shall satisfy itself, after
consultation with the State Government, the Central Government, or such other
agencies as it may deem appropriate, that an adequate study has been made of the
optimum location of dams and other river-works;
(b) the proposed scheme meets, the norms regarding dam design
and safety.
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Captive
Generation
Duties of
Generating
Companies
Direction to
generating
companies
(3) Where a multi-purpose scheme for the development of any river
in any region is in operation, the State Government and the generating company
shall co-ordinate their activities with the activities of the person responsible for
such scheme in so far as they are inter-related.
9. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, a person may
construct, maintain or operate a captive generating plant and dedicated
transmission lines:
Provided that the supply of electricity from the captive generating plant
through the grid shall be regulated in the same manner as the generating station of
a generating company.
(2) Every person, who has constructed a captive generating plant and
maintains and operates such plant, shall have the right to open access for the
purposes of carrying electricity from his captive generating plant to the
destination of his use:
Provided that such open access shall be subject to availability of
adequate transmission facility and such availability of transmission facility shall
be determined by the Central Transmission Utility or the State Transmission
Utility, as the case may be:
Provided further that any dispute regarding the availability of transmission
facility shall be adjudicated upon by the Appropriate Commission.
10. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the duties of a generating
company shall be to establish, operate and maintain generating stations, tie-lines,
sub-stations and dedicated transmission lines connected therewith in accordance
with the provisions of this Act or the rules or regulations made thereunder.
(2) A generating company may supply electricity to any licensee in
accordance with this Act and the rules and regulations made thereunder and may,
subject to the regulations made under sub-section (2) of section 42, supply
electricity to any consumer.
(3) Every generating company shall –
(a) submit technical details regarding its generating stations to the
Appropriate Commission and the Authority;
(b) co-ordinate with the Central Transmission Utility or the State
Transmission Utility, as the case may be, for transmission of the
electricity generated by it.
11. (1) The Appropriate Government may specify that a generating
company shall, in extraordinary circumstances operate and maintain any generating
station in accordance with the directions of that Government.
Explanation. – For the purposes of this section, the expression “ extraordinary
circumstances” means circumstances arising out of threat to security of the State,
public order or a natural calamity or such other circumstances arising in the public
interest.
(2) The Appropriate Commission may offset the adverse financial
impact of the directions referred to in sub-section (1) on any generating company
in such manner as it considers appropriate.
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Authorised
persons to
transmit,
supply, etc.,
electricity
Power to
exempt
Grant of
Licence
14 of 1948
PART IV
LICENSING
12. No person shall
(a) transmit electricity; or
(b) distribute electricity; or
(c) undertake trading in electricity,
unless he is authorised to do so by a licence issued under section 14, or
is exempt under section 13.
13. The Appropriate Commission may, on the recommendations, of the
Appropriate Government, in accordance with the national policy formulated under
section 5 and in public interest, direct, by notification that subject to such
conditions and restrictions, if any, and for such period or periods, as may be
specified in the notification, the provisions of section 12 shall not apply to any local
authority, Panchayat Institution, users’ association, co-operative societies, nongovernmental
organizations, or franchisees:
14. The Appropriate Commission may, on application made to it under
section 15, grant any person licence to any person –
(a) to transmit electricity as a transmission licensee; or
(b) to distribute electricity as a distribution licensee; or
(c) to undertake trading in electricity as an electricity trader,
in any area which may be specified in the licence:
Provided that any person engaged in the business of transmission or
supply of electricity under the provisions of the repealed laws or any Act specified
in the Schedule on or before the appointed date shall be deemed to be a licensee
under this Act for such period as may be stipulated in the licence, clearance or
approval granted to him under the repealed laws or such Act specified in the
Schedule, and the provisions of the repealed laws or such Act specified in the
Schedule in respect of such licence shall apply for a period of one year from the
date of commencement of this Act or such earlier period as may be specified, at
the request of the licensee, by the Appropriate Commission and thereafter the
provisions of this Act shall apply to such business:
Provided further that the Central Transmission Utility or the State
Transmission Utility shall be deemed to be a transmission licensee under this Act:
Provided also that in case an Appropriate Government transmits electricity
or distributes electricity or undertakes trading in electricity, whether before or after
the commencement of this Act, such Government shall be deemed to be a licensee
under this Act, but shall not be required to obtain a licence under this Act:
Provided also that the Damodar Valley Corporation, established under
sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Damodar Valley Corporation Act, 1948, shall be
deemed to be a licensee under this Act but shall not be required to obtain a licence
under this Act and the provisions of the Damodar Valley Corporation Act, 1948, in
so far as they are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, shall continue to
apply to that Corporation:
Provided also that the Government company or the company referred to
in sub-section (2) of section 131 of this Act and the company or companies
created in pursuance of the Acts specified in the Schedule, shall be deemed to be a
licensee under this Act:
Provided also that the Appropriate Commission may grant a licence to two
or more persons for distribution of electricity through their own distribution system
within the same area, subject to the conditions that the applicant for grant of licence
12
Procedure for
Grant of
Licence
within the same area, subject to the conditions that the applicant for grant of licence
within the same area shall, without prejudice to the other conditions or
requirements under this Act, comply with the additional requirements (including
the capital adequacy, credit-worthiness, or code of conduct) as may be prescribed
by the Central Government, and no such applicant who complies with all the
requirements for grant of licence, shall be refused grant of licence on the ground
that there already exists a licensee in the same area for the same purpose:
Provided also that in a case where a distribution licensee proposes to
undertake distribution of electricity for a specified area within his area of supply
through another person, that person shall not be required to obtain any separate
licence from the concerned State Commission and such distribution licensee shall
be responsible for distribution of electricity in his area of supply:
Provided also that where a person intends to generate and distribute
electricity in a rural area to be notified by the State Government, such person shall
not require any licence for such generation and distribution of electricity, but he
shall comply with the measures which may be specified by the Authority under
section 53:
Provided also that a distribution licensee shall not require a licence to
undertake trading in electricity.
15. (1) Every application under section 14 shall be made in such form
and in such manner as may be specified by the Appropriate Commission and shall
be accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed.
(2) Any person who has made an application for grant of licence
shall, within seven days after making such application, publish a notice of his
application with such particulars and in such manner as may be specified and a
licence shall not be granted –
(i) until the objections, if any, received by the Appropriate
Commission in response to publication of the application have been considered
by it:
Provided that no objection shall be so considered unless it is received
before the expiration of thirty days from the date of the publication of such notice
as aforesaid;
(ii) until, in the case of an application for a licence for an area
including the whole or any part of any cantonment, aerodrome, fortress, arsenal,
dockyard or camp or of any building or place in the occupation of the
Government for defence purposes, the Appropriate Commission has ascertained
that there is no objection to the grant of the licence on the part of the Central
Government.
(3) A person intending to act as a transmission licensee shall,
immediately on making the application, forward a copy of such application to the
Central Transmission Utility or the State Transmission Utility, as the case may
be.
(4) The Central Transmission Utility or the State Transmission
Utility, as the case may be, shall, within thirty days after the receipt of the copy of
the application referred to in sub-section (3), send its recommendations, if any, to
the Appropriate Commission:
Provided that such recommendations shall not be binding on the
Commission.
(5) Before granting a licence under section 14, the Appropriate
Commission shall –
13
Conditions of
licence.
Licensee not
to do certain
things.
(a) publish a notice in two such daily newspapers, as that
Commission may consider necessary, stating the name of the
person to whom it proposes to issue the licence;
(b) consider all suggestions or objections and the recommendations,
if any, of the Central Transmission Utility or State Transmission
Utility, as the case may be.
(6) Where a person makes an application under sub-section (1) of
section 14 to act as a licensee, the Appropriate Commission shall, as far as
practicable, within ninety days after receipt of such application, –
(a) issue a licence subject to the provisions of this Act and the rules
and regulations made thereunder; or
(b) reject the application for reasons to be recorded in writing if such
application does not conform to the provisions of this Act or the
rules and regulations made thereunder or the provisions of any
other law for the time being in force:
Provided that no application shall be rejected unless the applicant has
been given an opportunity of being heard.
(7) The Appropriate Commission shall, immediately after issue of
licence, forward a copy of the licence to the Appropriate Government , Authority,
local authority, and to such other person as the Appropriate Commission
considers necessary.
(8) A licence shall continue to be in force for a period of twentyfive
years unless such licence is revoked.
16. The Appropriate Commission may specify any general or specific
conditions which shall apply either to a licensee or class of licensees and such
conditions shall be deemed to be conditions of such licence:
Provided that the Appropriate Commission shall, within one year from
the appointed date, specify any general or specific conditions of licence applicable
to the licensees referred to in the first, second, third, fourth and fifth provisos to
section 14 after the expiry of one year from the commencement of this Act.
17. (1) No licensee shall, without prior approval of the Appropriate
Commission, –
(a) undertake any transaction to acquire by purchase or takeover or
otherwise, the utility of any other licensee; or
(b) merge his utility with the utility of any other licensee:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall apply if the
utility of the licensee is situate in a State other than the State in which the utility
referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) is situate.
(2) Every licensee shall, before obtaining the approval under subsection
(1), give not less than one month’s notice to every other licensee who
transmits or distributes, electricity in the area of such licensee who applies for such
approval.
(3) No licensee shall at any time assign his licence or transfer his
utility, or any part thereof, by sale, lease , exchange or otherwise without the prior
approval of the Appropriate Commission.
14
Amendment
of licence
(4) Any agreement relating to any transaction specified in subsection
(1) or sub-section (3), unless made with, the prior approval of the
Appropriate Commission, shall be void.
18. (1) Where in its opinion the public interest so permits, the
Appropriate Commission, may, on the application of the licensee or otherwise,
make such alterations and amendments in the terms and conditions of a licence as it
thinks fit:
Revocation of
licence
Provided that no such alterations or amendments shall be made except
with the consent of the licensee unless such consent has, in the opinion of the
Appropriate Commission, been unreasonably withheld.
(2) Before any alterations or amendments in the licence are made
under this section, the following provisions shall have effect, namely: –
(a) where the licensee has made an application under sub-section (1)
proposing any alteration or modifications in his licence, the
licensee shall publish a notice of such application with such
particulars and in such manner as may be specified;
(b) in the case of an application proposing alterations or
modifications in the area of supply comprising the whole or any
part of any cantonment, aerodrome, fortress, arsenal, dockyard or
camp or of any building or place in the occupation of the
Government for defence purposes, the Appropriate Commission
shall not make any alterations or modifications except with the
consent of the Central Government;
(c) where any alterations or modifications in a licence are proposed
to be made otherwise than on the application of the licensee, the
Appropriate Commission shall publish the proposed alterations or
modifications with such particulars and in such manner as may
be specified;
(d) the Appropriate Commission shall not make any alterations or
modification unless all suggestions or objections received within
thirty days from the date of the first publication of the notice
have been considered.
19. (1) If the Appropriate Commission, after making an enquiry, is
satisfied that public interest so requires, it may revoke a licence in any of the
following cases, namely: –
(a) where the licensee, in the opinion of the Appropriate Commission,
makes wilful and prolonged default in doing anything required of
him by or under this Act or the rules or regulations made
thereunder;
(b) where the licensee breaks any of the terms or conditions of his
licence the breach of which is expressly declared by such licence
to render it liable to revocation;
(c) where the licensee fails, within the period fixed in this behalf by
his licence, or any longer period which the Appropriate
Commission may have granted therefor –
(i) to show, to the satisfaction of the Appropriate Commission,
that he is in a position fully and efficiently to discharge the duties
and obligations imposed on him by his licence; or
15
Sale of utilities
of licensees.
and obligations imposed on him by his licence; or
(ii) to make the deposit or furnish the security, or pay the fees or
other charges required by his licence;
(d) where in the opinion of the Appropriate Commission the financial
position of the licensee is such that he is unable fully and
efficiently to discharge the duties and obligations imposed on him
by his licence.
(2) Where in its opinion the public interest so requires, the
Appropriate Commission may, on application, or with the consent of the licensee,
revoke his licence as to the whole or any part of his area of distribution or
transmission or trading upon such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
(3) No licence shall be revoked under sub-section (1) unless the
Appropriate Commission has given to the licensee not less than three
months’notice, in writing, stating the grounds on which it is proposed to revoke the
licence, and has considered any cause shown by the licensee within the period of
that notice, against the proposed revocation.
(4) The Appropriate Commission may, instead of revoking a licence
under sub-section (1), permit it to remain in force subject to such further terms and
conditions as it thinks fit to impose, and any further terms or conditions so imposed
shall be binding upon and be observed by the licensee and shall be of like force and
effect as if they were contained in the licence.
(5) Where the Commission revokes a licence under this section, it
shall serve a notice of revocation upon the licensee and fix a date on which the
revocation shall take effect.
(6) Where an Appropriate Commission has given notice for
revocation of licence under sub-section (5), without prejudice to any penalty which
may be imposed or prosecution proceeding which may be initiated under this Act,
the licensee may, after prior approval of that Commission, sell his utility to any
person who is found eligible by that Commission for grant of licence.
20. (1) Where the Appropriate Commission revokes under section 19 the
licence of any licensee , the following provisions shall apply, namely:-
(a) the Appropriate Commission shall invite applications for
acquiring the utility of the licensee whose licence has been
revoked and determine which of such applications should be
accepted, primarily on the basis of the highest and best price
offered for the utility;
(b) the Appropriate Commission may, by notice in writing, require
the licensee to sell his utility and thereupon the licensee shall sell
his utility to the person (hereafter in this section referred to as
the “ purchaser” ) whose application has been accepted by that
Commission;
(c) all the rights, duties, obligations and liabilities of the licensee, on
and from the date of revocation of licence or on and from the
date, if earlier, on which the utility of the licensee is sold to a
purchaser, shall absolutely cease except for any liabilities which
have accrued prior to that date;
(d) the Appropriate Commission may make such interim
arrangements in regard to the operation of the utility as may be
considered appropriate including the appointment of
16
Vesting of
utility in
purchaser
Provisions where
no purchase takes
place
Directions to
licensees.
Suspension of
distribution
licence and sale of
utility.
considered appropriate including the appointment of
Administrators;
(e) The Administrator appointed under clause (d) shall exercise such
powers and discharge such functions as the Appropriate
Commission may direct.
(2) Where a utility is sold under sub-section (1), the purchaser shall
pay to the licensee the purchase price of the utility in such manner as may
be agreed upon.
(3) Where the Appropriate Commission issues any notice under subsection
(1) requiring the licensee to sell the utility, it may, by such notice,
require the licensee to deliver the utility, and thereupon the licensee shall
deliver on a date specified in the notice, the utility to the designated
purchaser on payment of the purchase price thereof.
(4) Where the licensee has delivered the utility referred to in subsection(
3) to the purchaser but its sale has not been completed by the date
fixed in the notice issued under that sub-section, the Appropriate
Commission may, if it deems fit, permit the intending purchaser to operate
and maintain the utility system pending the completion of the sale.
21. Where a utility is sold under section 20 or section 24, then, upon
completion of the sale or on the date on which the utility is delivered to the
intending purchaser, as the case may be, whichever is earlier-
(a) the utility shall vest in the purchaser or the intending purchaser,
as the case may be, free from any debt, mortgage or similar
obligation of the licensee or attaching to the utility:
Provided that any such debt, mortgage or similar obligation shall attach to
the purchase money in substitution for the utility; and
(b) the rights, powers, authorities, duties and obligations of the
licensee under his licence shall stand transferred to the purchaser
and such purchaser shall be deemed to be the licensee.
22. (1) If the utility is not sold in the manner provided under section 20 or
section 24, the Appropriate Commission may, to protect the interest of consumers
or in public interest, issue such directions or formulate such scheme as it may deem
necessary for operation of the utility.
(2) Where no directions are issued or scheme is formulated by the Appropriate
Commission under sub-section (1), the licensee referred to in section 20 or section
24 may dispose of the utility in such manner as it may deem fit:
Provided that, if the licensee does not dispose of the utility, within a period
of six months from the date of revocation under section 20 or section 24, the
Appropriate Commission may cause the works of the licensee in, under, over,
along, or across any street or public land to be removed and every such street or
public land to be reinstated, and recover the cost of such removal and reinstatement
from the licensee.
23. If the Appropriate Commission is of the opinion that it is necessary or
expedient so to do for maintaining the efficient supply, securing the equitable
distribution of electricity and promoting competition, it may, by order, provide for
regulating supply, distribution, consumption or use thereof.
24. (1) If at any time the Appropriate Commission is of the opinion that a
distribution licensee –
17
(a) has persistently failed to maintain uninterrupted supply of
electricity conforming to standards regarding quality of
electricity to the consumers; or
(b) is unable to discharge the functions or perform the duties
imposed on it by or under the provisions of this Act; or
(c) has persistently defaulted in complying with any direction
given by the Appropriate Commission under this Act; or
(d) has broken the terms and conditions of licence,
and circumstances exist which render it necessary for it in public interest
so to do, the Appropriate Commission may, for reasons to be recorded in writing,
suspend, for a period not exceeding one year, the licence of the distribution licensee
and appoint an Administrator to discharge the functions of the distribution licensee
in accordance with the terms and conditions of licence:
Provided that before suspending a licence under this section, the
Appropriate Commission shall give a reasonable opportunity to the distribution
licensee to make representations against the proposed suspension of license and
shall consider the representations, if any, of the distrbution licensee.
(2) Upon suspension of license under sub-section (1) the utilities of
the distribution licensee shall vest in the Administrator for a period not exceeding
one year or up to the date on which such utility is sold in accordance with the
provisions contained in section 20, whichever is later.
(3) The Appropriate Commission shall, within one year of
appointment of the Administrator under sub-section (1) either revoke the licence
in accordance with the provisions contained in section 19 or revoke suspension of
the licence and restore the utility to the distribution licensee whose licence had
been suspended, as the case may be.
(4) In case where the Appropriate Commission revokes the licence
under sub-section (3), the utility of the distribution licensee shall be sold within a
period of one year from the date of revocation of the licence in accordance with
the provisions of section 20 and the price after deducting the administrative and
other expenses on sale of utilities be remitted to the distribution licensee.
18
Inter-State,
regional and Inter-
Regional
transmission.
National Load
Despatch Centre.
Constitution of
Regional Load
Despatch Centre.
Functions of
Regional Load
Despatch Centre.
PART- V
TRANSMISSION OF ELECTRICITY
Inter-State transmission
25. For the purposes of this Part, the Central Government may, make regionwise
demarcation of the country, and, from time to time, make such modifications
therein as it may consider necessary for the efficient, economical and integrated
transmission and supply of electricity, and in particular to facilitate voluntary interconnections
and co-ordination of facilities for the inter-State, regional and interregional
generation and transmission of electricity.
26. (1) The Central Government may establish a centre at the national
level, to be known as the National Load Despatch Centre for optimum scheduling
and despatch of electricity among the Regional Load Despatch Centres.
(2) The constitution and functions of the National Load Despatch
Centre shall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government:
Provided that the National Load Despatch Centre shall not engage in the
business of trading in electricity.
(3) The National Load Despatch Centre shall be operated by a
Government company or any authority or corporation established or constituted
by or under any Central Act, as may be notified by the Central Government.
27. (1) The Central Government shall establish a centre for each region
to be known as the Regional Load Despatch Centre having territorial jurisdiction as
determined by the Central Government in accordance with section 25 for the
purposes of exercising the powers and discharging the power and discharging the
functions under this Part.
(2) The Regional Load Despatch Centre shall be operated by a
Government Company or any authority or corporation established or constituted
by or under any Central Act, as may be notified by the Central Government:
Provided that until a Government company or authority or corporation
referred to in this sub-section is notified by the Central Government, the Central
Transmission Utility shall operate the Regional Load Despatch Centre:
Provided further that no Regional Load Despatch Centre shall engage in the
business of generation of electricity or trading in electricity.
28. (1) The Regional Load Despatch Centre shall be the apex body to
ensure integrated operation of the power system in the concerned region.
(2) The Regional Load Despatch Centre shall comply with such
principles, guidelines and methodologies in respect of the wheeling and optimum
scheduling and despatch of electricity as the Central Commission may specify in
the Grid Code.
(3) The Regional Load Despatch Centre shall –
(a) be responsible for optimum scheduling and despatch of
electricity within the region, in accordance with the contracts entered into with the
licensees or the generating companies operating in the region;
(b) monitor grid operations;
(c) keep accounts of the quantity of electricity transmitted through
the regional grid;
19
Compliance of
directions.
Transmission
within a State
Constitution of
State Load
Despatch
Centres
(d) exercise supervision and control over the inter-State transmission
system; and
(e) be responsible for carrying out real time operations for grid
control and despatch of electricity within the region through secure and economic
operation of the regional grid in accordance with the Grid Standards and the Grid
Code.
(4) The Regional Load Despatch Centre may levy and collect such
fee and charges from the generating companies or licensees engaged in inter-State
transmission of electricity as may be specified by the Central Commission.
29. (1) The Regional Load Despatch Centre may give such directions
and exercise such supervision and control as may be required for ensuring stability
of grid operations and for achieving the maximum economy and efficiency in the
operation of the power system in the region under its control.
(2) Every licensee, generating company, generating station, substation
and any other person connected with the operation of the power system shall
comply with the direction issued by the Regional Load Despatch Centres under
sub-section (1).
(3) All directions issued by the Regional Load Despatch Centres to
any transmission licensee of State transmission lines or any other licensee of the
State or generating company (other than those connected to inter State transmission
system) or sub-station in the State shall be issued through the State Load Despatch
Centre and the State Load Despatch Centres shall ensure that such directions are
duly complied with the licensee or generating company or sub-station.
(4) The Regional Power Committee in the region may, from time to
time, agree on matters concerning the stability and smooth operation of the
integrated grid and economy and efficiency in the operation of the power system in
that region.
(5) If any dispute arises with reference to the quality of electricity or
safe, secure and integrated operation of the regional grid or in relation to any
direction given under sub-section (1), it shall be referred to the Central
Commission for decision :
Provided that pending the decision of the Central Commission, the
directions of the Regional Load Despatch Centre shall be complied with by the
State Load Despatch Centre or the licensee or the generating company, as the case
may be.
(6) If any licensee, generating company or any other person fails to
comply with the directions issued under sub-section (2) or sub-section (3), he
shall be liable to penalty not exceeding rupees fifteen lacs.
Intra-State transmission
30. The State Commission shall facilitate and promote transmission, wheeling
and inter-connection arrangements within its territorial jurisdiction for the
transmission and supply of electricity by economical and efficient utilisation of the
electricity.
31. (1) The State Government shall establish a Centre to be known as the
State Load Despatch Centre for the purposes of exercising the powers and
discharging the functions under this Part.
(2) The State Load Despatch Centre shall be operated by a
Government company or any authority or corporation established or constituted
20
Functions of State
Load Despatch
Centres
Compliance of
directions
Government company or any authority or corporation established or constituted
by or under any State Act, as may be notified by the State Government.
Provided that until a Government company or any authority or
corporation is notified by the State Government, the State Transmission Utility
shall operate the State Load Despatch Centre:
Provided further that no State Load Despatch Centre shall engage in the
business of trading in electricity.
32. (1) The State Load Despatch Centre shall be the apex body to ensure
integrated operation of the power system in a State.
(2) The State Load Despatch Centre shall –
(a) be responsible for optimum scheduling and despatch of electricity
within a State, in accordance with the contracts entered into with the licensees or
the generating companies operating in that State;
(b) monitor grid operations;
(c) keep accounts of the quantity of electricity transmitted through
the State grid;
(d) exercise supervision and control over the intra-state transmission
system; and
(e) be responsible for carrying out real time operations for grid
control and despatch of electricity within the State through secure and economic
operation of the State grid in accordance with the Grid Standards and the State Grid
Code.
(3) The State Load Despatch Centre may levy and collect such fee
and charges from the generating companies and licensees engaged in intra-State
transmission of electricity as may be specified by the State Commission.
33. (1) The State Load Despatch Centre in a State may give such
directions and exercise such supervision and control as may be required for
ensuring the integrated grid operations and for achieving the maximum economy
and efficiency in the operation of power system in that State.
(2) Every licensee, generating company, generating station, substation
and any other person connected with the operation of the power system shall
comply with the direction issued by the State Load Depatch Centre under subsection
(1).
(3) The State Load Despatch Centre shall comply with the directions
of the Regional Load Despatch Centre.
(4) If any dispute arises with reference to the quality of electricity or
safe, secure and integrated operation of the State grid or in relation to any direction
given under sub-section (1) , it shall be referred to the State Commission for
decision:
Provided that pending the decision of the State Commission, the direction
of the State Load Despatch Centre shall be complied with by the licensee or
generating company.
(5) If any licensee, generating company or any other person fails to
comply with the directions issued under sub-section(1), he shall be liable to
penalty not exceeding rupees five lacs.
21
Grid Standards
Intervening
transmission
facilities.
Charges for
intervening
transmission
facilities.
Direction by
appropriate
Government.
Central
Transmission
Utility and
functions.
1 of 1956
Other provisions relating to transmission
34. Every transmission licensee shall comply with such technical standards,
of operation and maintenance of transmission lines, in accordance with the Grid
Standards, as may be specified by the Authority.
35. The Appropriate Commission may, on an application by any licensee, by
order require any other licensee owning or operating intervening transmission
facilities to provide the use of such facilities to the extent of surplus capacity
available with such licensee.
Provided that any dispute regarding the extent of surplus capacity
available with the licensee, shall be adjudicated upon by the Appropriate
Commission.
36. (1) Every licensee shall, on an order made under section 35,
provided his intervening transmission facilities at rates, charges and terms and
conditions as may be mutually agreed upon :
Provided that the Appropriate Commission may specify rates, charges
and terms and conditions if these cannot be mutually agreed upon by the licensees.
(2) The rates, charges and terms and conditions referred to in subsection
(1) shall be fair and reasonable, and may be allocated in proportion to the
use of such facilities.
Explanation. – For the purposes of section 35 and 36, the expression
“ intervening transmission facilities” means the electric lines owned or operated
by a licensee where such electric lines can be utilised for transmitting electricity
for and on behalf of another licensee at his request and on payment of a tariff or
charge.
37. The Appropriate Government may issue directions to the Regional Load
Despatch Centres or State Load Despatch Centres, as the case may be, to take such
measures as may be necessary for maintaining smooth and stable transmission and
supply of electricity to any region or State.
38. (1) The Central Government may notify any Government company
as the Central Transmission Utility:
Provided that the Central Transmission Utility shall not engage in the
business of generation of electricity or trading in electricity:
Provided further that, the Central Government may transfer, and vest any
property, interest in property, rights and liabilities connected with, and personnel
involved in transmission of electricity of such Central Transmission Utility, to a
company or companies to be incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 to
function as a transmission licensee, through a transfer scheme to be effected in the
manner specified under Part XIII and such company or companies shall be deemed
to be transmission licensees under this Act.
(2) The functions of the Central Transmission Utility shall be –
(a) to undertake transmission of electricity through inter-State
transmission system;
(b) to discharge all functions of planning and co-ordination relating
to inter-state transmission system with –
(i) State Transmission Utilities;
22
State
Transmission
Utility and
functions
(ii) Central Government;
(iii) State Governments;
(iv) generating companies;
(v) Regional Power Committees;
(vi) Authority;
(vii) licensees;
(viii) any other person notified by the Central Government in
this behalf;
(c) to ensure development of an efficient, co-ordinated and
economical system of inter-State transmission lines for smooth flow of electricity
from generating stations to the load centres;
(d) to provide non-discriminatory open access to its transmission
system for use by-
(i) any licensee or generating company on payment of the
transmission charges; or
(ii) any consumer as and when such open access is provided by the
State Commission under sub-section (2) of section 42, on payment of the
transmission charges and a surcharge thereon, as may be specified by the Central
Commission:
Provided that such surcharge shall be utilised for the purpose of meeting
the requirement of current level cross-subsidy:
Provided further that such surcharge and cross subsidies shall be
progressively reduced and eliminated in the manner as may be specified by the
Central Commission:
Provided also that such surcharge may be levied till such time the cross
subsidies are not eliminated:
Provided also that the manner of payment and utilisation of the
surcharge shall be specified by the Central Commission:
Provided also that such surcharge shall not be leviable in case open
access is provided to a person who has established a captive generating plant
for carrying the electricity to the destination of his own use.
39. (1) The State Government may notify the Board or a Government
company as the State Transmission Utility:
Provided that the State Transmission Utility shall not engage in the business
of trading in electricity:
Provided further that the State Government may transfer, and vest any
property, interest in property, rights and liabilities connected with, and personnel
involved in transmission of electricity, of such State Transmission Utility, to a
company or companies to be incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 to
function as transmission licensee through a transfer scheme to be effected in the
23
Duties of
Transmission
licensees
function as transmission licensee through a transfer scheme to be effected in the
manner specified under Part XIII and such company or companies shall be deemed
to be transmission licensees under this Act.
(2) The functions of the State Transmission Utility shall be –
(a) to undertake transmission of electricity through intra-State
transmission system;
(b) to discharge all functions of planning and co-ordination relating to
intra-state transmission system with –
(i) Central Transmission Utility;
(ii) State Governments;
(iii) generating companies;
(iv) Regional Power Committees;
(v) Authority;
(vi) licensees;
(vii) any other person notified by the State Government in this
behalf;
(c) to ensure development of an efficient, co-ordinated and
economical system of intra-State transmission lines for smooth flow of electricity
from a generating station to the load centres;
(d) to provid non-discriminatory open access to its transmission
system for use by-
(i) any licensee or generating company on payment of the
transmission charges ; or
(ii) any consumer as and when such open access is provided by the
State Commission under sub-section (2) of section 42, on payment of the
transmission charges and a surcharge thereon, as may be specified by the State
Commission:
Provided that such surcharge shall be utilised for the purpose of meeting
the requirement of current level cross-subsidy:
Provided further that such surcharge and cross subsidies shall be
progressively reduced and eliminated in the manner as may be specified by the
State Commission:
Provided also that such surcharge may be levied till such time the cross
subsidies are not eliminated:
Provided also that the manner of payment and utilisation of the
surcharge shall be specified by the State Commission.
Provided also that such surcharge shall not be leviable in case open
access is provided to a person who has established a captive generating plant for
carrying the electricity to the destination of his own use.
40. It shall be the duty of a transmission licensee –
(a) to build, maintain and operate an efficient, co-ordinated and
economical inter-State transmission system or intra-State transmission
24
Other business of
Transmission
Licensee
economical inter-State transmission system or intra-State transmission
system, as the case may be;
(b) to comply with the directions of the Regional Load Despatch
Centre and the State Load Despatch Centre as the may be;.
(c) to provide non-discriminatory open access to its transmission
system for use by-
(i) any licensee or generating company on payment of the
transmission charges; or
(ii) any consumer as and when such open access is provided by the
State Commission under sub-section (2) of section 42, on payment of the
transmission charges and a surcharge thereon, as may be specified by the State
Commission:
Provided that such surcharge shall be utilised for the purpose of meeting
the requirement of current level cross-subsidy:
Provided further that such surcharge and cross subsidies shall be
progressively reduced and eliminated in the manner as may be specified by the
Appropriate Commission:
Provided also that such surcharge may be levied till such time the cross
subsidies are not eliminated:
Provided also that the manner of payment and utilisation of the
surcharge shall be specified by the Appropriate Commission:
Provided also that such surcharge shall not be leviable in case open
access is provided to a person who has established a captive generating plant for
carrying the electricity to the destination of his own use.
41. A transmission licensee may, with prior intimation to the Appropriate
Commission , engage in any business for optimum utilisation of its assets:
Provided that a proportion of the revenues derived from such business
shall, as may be specified by the Appropriate Commission, be utilised for reducing
its charges for transmission and wheeling:
Provided further that the transmission licensee shall maintain separate
accounts for each such business undertaking to ensure that transmission business
neither subsidies in any way such business undertaking nor encumbers its
transmission assets in any way to support such business:
Provided also that no transmission licensee shall enter into any contract
or otherwise engage in the business to in trading electricity :
Duties of
distribution
Licensee and
open access
PART VI
DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICITY
Provisions with respect to distribution licensees
42. .(1) It shall be the duty of a distribution licensee to develop and maintain an
efficient, co-ordinated and economical distribution system in his area of supply and
to supply electricity in accordance with the provisions contained in this Act.
(2) The State Commission shall introduce open access in such phases and
25
subject to such conditions, (including the cross subsidies, and other operational
constraints) as may be specified within one year of the appointed date by it and in
specifying the extent of open access in successive phases and in determining the
charges for wheeling, it shall have due regard to all relevant factors including such
cross subsidies, and other operational constraints:
Provided that such open access may be allowed before the cross subsidies
are eliminated on payment of a surcharge in addition to the charges for wheeling as
may be determined by the State Commission :
Provided further that such surcharge shall be utilised to meet the
requirements of current level of cross subsidy within the area of supply of the
distribution licensee :
Provided also that such surcharge and cross subsidies shall be
progressively reduced and eliminated in the manner as may be specified by the
State Commission:
Provided also that such surcharge shall not be leviable in case open access
is provided to a person who has established a captive generating plant for carrying
the electricity to the destination of his own use.
(3) Where any person, whose premises are situated within the area of
supply of a distribution licensee, (not being a local authority engaged in the
business of distribution of electricity before the appointed date) requires a supply of
electricity from a generating company or any licensee other than such distribution
licensee, such person may, by notice, require the distribution licensee for wheeling
such electricity in accordance with regulations made by the State Commission and
the duties of the distribution licensee with respect to such supply shall be of a
common carrier providing non-discriminatory open access .
(4) Where the State Commission permits a consumer or class of
consumers to receive supply of electricity from a person other than the distribution
licensee of his area of supply, such consumer shall be liable to pay an additional
surcharge on the charges of wheeling, as may be specified by the State
Commission, to meet the fixed cost of such distribution licensee arising out of his
obligation to supply.
(5) Every distribution licensee shall, within six months from the appointed
date or date of grant of licence, whichever is earlier, establish a forum for redressal
of grievances of the consumers in accordance with the guidelines as may be
specified by the State Commission.
(6) Any consumer, who is aggrieved by non-redressal of his grievances
under sub-section (5), may make a representation for the redressal of his grievance
to an authority to be known as Ombudsman to be appointed or designated by the
State Commission.
(7) The Ombudsman shall settle the grievance of the consumer within such
time and in such manner as may be specified by the State Commission.
(8) The provisions of sub-sections (5),(6) and (7) shall be without
prejudice to right which the consumer may have apart from the rights conferred
upon him by those sub-sections.
Duty to supply on
request
43. (1) Every distribution licensee, shall, on an application by the owner
or occupier of any premises, give supply of electricity to such premises, within
one month after receipt of the application requiring such supply :
Provided that where such supply requires extension of distribution
mains, or commissioning of new sub-stations, the distribution licensee shall
supply the electricity to such premises immediately after such extension or
commissioning or within such period as may be specified by the Appropriate
26
commissioning or within such period as may be specified by the Appropriate
Commission.
Provided further that in case of a village or hamlet or area wherein no
provision for supply of electricity exists, the Appropriate Commission may extend
the said period as it may consider necessary for electrification of such village or
hamlet or area.
(2) It shall be the duty of every distribution licensee to provide, if
required, electric plant or electric line for giving electric supply to the premises
specified in sub-section (1) :
Provided that no person shall be entitled to demand, or to continue to
receive, from a licensee a supply of electricity for any premises having a separate
supply unless he has agreed with the licensee to pay to him such price as
determined by the Appropriate Commission .
(3) If a distribution licensee fails to supply the electricity within the
period specified in sub-section (1), he shall be liable to a penalty which may
extend to one thousand rupees for each day of default.
Exceptions from
duty to supply
electricity.
44. Nothing contained in section 43 shall be taken as requiring a distribution
licensee to give supply of electricity to any premises if he is prevented from doing
so by cyclone, floods, storms or other occurrences beyond his control.
Power to recover
charges
45. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, the prices to be charged
by a distribution licensee for the supply of electricity by him in pursuance of
section 43 shall be in accordance with such tariffs fixed from time to time and
conditions of his licence.
(2) The charges for electricity supplied by a distribution licensee
shall be –
(a) fixed in accordance with the methods and the principles as may
be specified by the concerned State Commission ;
(b) published in such manner so as to give adequate publicity for
such charges and prices.
(3) The charges for electricity supplied by a distribution licensee
may include –
(a) a fixed charge in addition to the charge for the actual electricity
supplied;
(b) a rent or other charges in respect of any electric meter or
electrical plant provided by the distribution licensee.
(4) Subject to the provisions of section 62, in fixing charges under
this section a distribution licensee shall not show undue preference to any person or
class of persons or discrimination against any person or class of persons.
(5) The charges fixed by the distribution licensee shall be in
accordance with the provisions of this Act and the regulations made in this behalf
by the concerned State Commission.
Power to recover
expenditure
46. The State Commission may, by regulations, authorise a distribution
licensee to charge from a person requiring a supply of electricity in pursuance of
section 43 any expenses reasonably incurred in providing any electric line or
electrical plant used for the purpose of giving that supply.
27
Power to require
security.
47. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a distribution licensee
may require any person, who requires a supply of electricity in pursuance of section
43, to give him reasonable security, as determined by regulations, for the payment
to him of all monies which may become due to him –
(a) in respect of the electricity supplied to such persons; or
(b) where any electric line or electrical plant or electric meter is to be
provided for supplying electricity to person, in respect of the provision of such
line or plant or meter,
and if that person fails to give such security, the distribution licensee may, if he
thinks fit, refuse to give the supply or to provide the line or plant or meter for the
period during which the failure continues.
(2) Where any person has not given such security as is mentioned in
subsection (1) or the security given by any person has become invalid or
insufficient, the distribution licensee may, by notice, require that person, within
thirty days after the service of the notice, to give him reasonable security for the
payment of all monies which may become due to him in respect of the supply of
electricity or provision of such line or plant or meter.
(3) If the person referred to in sub-section(2) fails to give such
security, the distribution licensee may, if he thinks fit, discontinue the supply of
electricity for the period during which the failure continues.
(4) The distribution licensee shall pay interest equivalent to the bank
rate or more, as may be specified by the concerned State Commission, on the
security referred to in sub-section (1) and refund such security on the request of the
person who gave such security.
(5) A distribution licensee shall not be entitled to require security in
pursuance of clause (a) of sub-section (1) if the person requiring the supply is
prepared to take the supply through a pre-payment meter.
Additional terms
of supply.
48. A distribution licensee may require any person who requires a supply of
electricity in pursuance of section 43 to accept –
(a) any restrictions which may be imposed for the purpose of
enabling the distribution licensee to comply with regulations made under section
53;
(b) any terms restricting any liability of the distribution licensee for
economic loss resulting from negligence of the person to whom the electricity is
supplied.
Agreements with
respect to supply
or purchase of
electricity.
49. Where the Appropriate Commission has allowed open access to certain
consumers under section 42, such consumers notwithstanding the provisions
contained in clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 62, may enter into an
agreement with any person for supply or purchase of electricity on such terms and
conditions (including tariff) as may be agreed upon by them.
The Electricity
Supply Code.
50. The State Commission shall specify an Electricity Supply Code to provide
for recovery of electricity charges, intervals for billing of electricity charges
disconnection of supply of electricity for non-payment thereof; restoration of
supply of electricity; tampering, distress or damage to electrical plant, electric lines
or meter, entry of distribution licensee or any person acting on his behalf for
disconnecting supply and removing the meter; entry for replacing, altering or
maintaining electric lines or electrical plant or meter.
28
Other businesses
of distribution
licensees.
51. (1) A distribution licensee may, with prior intimation to the
Appropriate Commission, engage in any other business for optimum utilisation
of its assets:
Provided that a proportion of the revenues derived from such business
shall, as may be specified by the concerned State Commission, be utilised for
reducing its charges for wheeling :
Provided further that the distribution licensee shall maintain separate
accounts for each such business undertaking to ensure that distribution business
neither subsidies in any way such business undertaking nor encumbers its
distribution assets in any way to support such business.
Provided also that nothing contained in this section shall apply to a local
authority engaged, before the commencement of this Act, in the business of
distribution of electricity.
Provisions with
respect to
electricity trader.
Provisions with respect to electricity traders
52. (1) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in clause (c) of
section 12, the Appropriate Commission may, specify the technical requirement,
capital adequacy requirement and credit worthiness for being an electricity trader.
(2) Every electricity trader shall discharge such duties, in relation to
supply and trading in electricity, as may be specified by the Appropriate
Commission.
.
Provisions relating
to safety and
electricity supply
Provisions with respect to supply generally
53. (1) The Authority may in consultation with the State Government,
specify suitable measures for –
(a) protecting the public (including the persons engaged in the
generation, transmission or distribution or trading) from dangers arising from the
generation, transmission or distribution or trading of electricity, or use of
electricity supplied or installation, maintenance or use of any electric line or
electrical plant;
(b) eliminating or reducing the risks of personal injury to any
person, or damage to property of any person or interference with use of such
property ;
(c) prohibiting the supply or transmission of electricity except by
means of a system which conforms to the specification as may be specified;
(d) giving notice in the specified form to the Appropriate
Commission and the Electrical Inspector, of accidents and failures of supplies or
transmissions of electricity;
(e) keeping by a generating company or licensee the maps, plans
and sections relating to supply or transmission of electricity;
(f) inspection of maps, plans and sections by any person authorised
by it or by Electrical Inspector or by any person on payment of specified fee;
(g) specifying action to be taken in relation to any electric line or
electrical plant, or any electrical appliance under the control of a consumer for the
purpose of eliminating or reducing a risk of personal injury or damage to property
or interference with its use;
29
Control of
transmission and
use of electricity
54. (1) Save as otherwise exempted under this Act, no person other
than Central Transmission Utility or a State Transmission Utility, or a licensee
shall transmit or use electricity at a rate exceeding two hundred and fifty watts and
one hundred volts –
(a) in any street, or
(b) in any place,-
(i) in which one hundred or more persons are ordinarily likely to be
assembled; or
(ii) which is a factory within the meaning of the Factories Act, 1948
or a mine within the meaning of the Mines Act, 1952; or
(iii) to which the State Government, by general or special order,
declares the provisions of this sub-section to apply,
without giving, before the commencement of transmission or use of
electricity, not less than seven days’ notice in writing of his intention to the
Electrical Inspector and to the District Magistrate, or the Commissioner of Police,
as the case may be, containing particulars of the electrical installation and plant, if
any, the nature and the purpose of supply and complying with such of the
provisions of Part XI of this Act, as may be applicable:
Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to electricity used for
the public carriage of passengers, animals or goods, on, or for the lighting or
ventilation of the rolling stock of any railway or tramway subject to the
provisions of the Railways Act, 1989.
(2) Where any difference or dispute arises as to whether a place is
or is not one in which one hundred or more persons are ordinarily likely to be
assembled, the matter shall be referred to the State Government, and the decision
of the State Government thereon shall be final.
(3) The provisions of this section shall be binding on the
Government.
55. (1) No licensee shall supply electricity, after the expiry of two years from the
appointed date, except through installation of a correct meter in accordance with
regulations to be made in this behalf by the Authority:
Provided that the licensee may require the consumer to give him security
for the price of a meter and enter into an agreement for the hire thereof, unless the
consumer elects to purchase a meter:
Provided further that the State Commission may, by notification extend
the said period of two years for a class or classes of persons or for such area as may
be specified in that notification.
(2) For proper accounting and audit in the generation, transmission
and distribution or trading of electricity, the Authority may direct the installation of
meters by a generating company or licensee at such stages of generation,
transmission or distribution or trading of electricity and at such locations of
generation, transmission or distribution or trading , as it may deem necessary.
(3) If a person makes default in complying with the provisions contained in
this section or regulations made under sub-section (1), the Appropriate Commission
may make such order as it thinks fit for requiring the default to be made good by
the generating company or licensee or by any officers of a company or other
association or any other person who is responsible for its default.
63 of 1948.
35 of 1952.
24 of 1989
Use, etc., of
meters
30
Disconnection of
supply in default
of payment.
56. (1) Where any person neglects to pay any charge for electricity or
any sum other than a charge for electricity due from him to a licensee or the
generating company in respect of supply, transmission or distribution or wheeling
of electricity to him, the licensee or the generating company may, after giving not
less than fifteen clear days notice in writing, to such person and without prejudice
to his rights to recover such charge or other sum by suit, cut off the supply of
electricity and for that purpose cut or disconnect any electric supply line or other
works being the property of such licensee or the generating company through which
electricity may have been supplied, transmitted, distributed or wheeled and may
discontinue the supply until such charge or other sum, together with any expenses
incurred by him in cutting off and reconnecting the supply, are paid, but no longer:
Provided that the supply of electricity shall not be cut off if such
person deposits , under protest, –
(a) an amount equal to the sum claimed from him, or
(b) the electricity charges due from him for each month calculated on the
basis of average charge for electricity paid by him during the preceding six months,
whichever is less, pending disposal of any dispute between him and the
licensee.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time
being in force, no sum due from any consumer, under this section shall be
recoverable after the period of two years from the date when such sum became first
due unless such sum has been shown continuously as recoverable as arrear of
charges for electricity supplied and the licensee shall not cut off the supply of the
electricity:
Standard of
performance of
licensee.
Consumer protection: Standards of performance
57. (1) The Appropriate Commission may, after consultation with the
licensees and persons likely to be affected, specify standards of performance of a
licensee or a class of licensees.
(2) If a licensee fails to meet the standards specified under subsection
(1), without prejudice to any penalty which may be imposed or prosecution
be initiated, he shall be liable to pay such compensation to the person affected as
may be determined by the Appropriate Commission:
Provided that before determination of compensation, the concerned
licensee shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
(3) The compensation determined under sub-section (2) shall be paid
by the concerned licensee within ninety days of such determination.
Different
Standards of
performance by
licensee.
58. The Appropriate Commission may specify different standards under subsection
(1) of section 57 for a class or classes of licensee.
Information
with respect to
levels of
performance.
59. (1) Every licensee shall, within the period specified by the
Appropriate Commission, furnish to the Commission the following information,
namely:-
(a) the level of performance achieved under sub-section (1) of the
section 57;
31
(b) the number of cases in which compensation was made under subsection
(2) of section 57 and the aggregate amount of the compensation.
(2) The Appropriate Commission shall at least once in every year arrange
for the publication, in such form and manner as it considers appropriate, of such of
the information furnished to it under sub-section (1).
Market
destination
60. The Appropriate Commission may such issue directions as it considers
appropriate to a licensee or a generating company if such licensee or generating
company enters into any agreement or abuses its dominant position or enters into a
combination which is likely to cause or causes an adverse effect on competition in
electricity industry.
Tariff
Regulations.
54 of 1948
14 of 1998
PART – VII
TARIFF
61. The Appropriate Commission shall, subject to the provisions of this Act,
specify the terms and conditions for the determination of tariff, and in doing so,
shall be guided by the following, namely:-
(a) the principles and methodologies specified by the Central
Commission for determination of the tariff applicable to generating companies and
transmission licensees;
(b) the generation, transmission, distribution and supply of electricity
are conducted on commercial principles;
(c) the factors which would encourage competition, efficiency,
economical use of the resources, good performance and optimum investments;
(d) safeguarding of consumers’ interest and at the same time,
recovery of the cost of electricity in a reasonable manner;
(e) the principles rewarding efficiency in performance;
(f) multi year tariff principles;
(g) that the tariff progressively reflects the cost of supply of
electricity and also, reduces and eliminates cross-subsidies within the period to be
specified by the Appropriate Commission;
(h) the promotion of co-generation and generation of electricity from
renewable sources of energy;
(i) the National Electricity Policy and tariff policy:
Provided that the terms and conditions for determination of tariff under
the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948, the Electricity Regulatory Commission Act,
1998 and the enactments specified in the Schedule as they stood immediately
before the appointed date, shall continue to apply for a period of one year or until
the terms and conditions for tariff are specified under this section, whichever is
earlier.
32
Determination of
Tariff.
Determination of
tariff by bidding
process.
62. (1) The Appropriate Commission shall determine the tariff in
accordance with provisions of this Act for –
(a) supply of electricity by a generating company to a distribution
licensee:
Provided that the Appropriate Commission may, in case of shortage of
supply of electricity, fix the minimum and maximum ceiling of tariff for sale or
purchase of electricity in pursuance of an agreement, entered into between a
generating company and a licensee or between licensees, for a period not
exceeding one year to ensure reasonable prices of electricity;
(b) transmission of electricity ;
(c) wheeling of electricity;
(d) retail sale of electricity.
Provided that in case of distribution of electricity in the same area by two or
more distribution licensees, the Appropriate Commission may, for promoting
competition among distribution licensees, fix only maximum ceiling of tariff for
retail sale of electricity.
(2) The Appropriate Commission may require a licensee or a
generating company to furnish separate details, as may be specified in respect of
generation, transmission and distribution for determination of tariff.
(3) The Appropriate Commission shall not, while determining the
tariff under this Act, show undue preference to any consumer of electricity but may
differentiate according to the consumer’s load factor, power factor, voltage, total
consumption of electricity during any specified period or the time at which the
supply is required or the geographical position of any area, the nature of supply and
the purpose for which the supply is required.
(4) No tariff or part of any tariff may ordinarily be amended more
frequently than once in any financial year, except in respect of any changes
expressly permitted under the terms of any fuel surcharge formula as may be
specified.
(5) The Commission may require a licensee or a generating
company to comply with such procedures as may be specified for calculating the
expected revenues from the tariff and charges which he or it is permitted to
recover.
(6) If any licensee or a generating company recovers a price or
charge exceeding the tariff determined under this section, the excess amount shall
be recoverable by the person who has paid such price or charge along with interest
equivalent to the bank rate without prejudice to any other liability incurred by the
licensee.
63. Notwithstanding anything contained in section 62, the Appropriate
Commission shall adopt the tariff if such tariff has been determined through
transparent process of bidding in accordance with the guidelines issued by the
Central Government.
Procedure for
tariff order.
64. (1) An application for determination of tariff under section 62 shall
be made by a generating company or licensee in such manner and accompanied
by such fee, as may be determined by regulations.
33
(2) Every applicant shall publish the application, in such abridged form
and manner, as may be specified by the Appropriate Commission.
(3) The Appropriate Commission shall, within one hundred and
twenty days from receipt of an application under sub-section (1) and after
considering all suggestions and objections received from the public,-
(a) issue a tariff order accepting the application with such
modifications or such conditions as may be specified in that order;
(b) reject the application for reasons to be recorded in writing if such
application is not in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the rules and
regulations made thereunder or the provisions of any other law for the time being in
force:
Provided that an applicant shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being
heard before rejecting his application.
(4) The Appropriate Commission shall, within seven days of making
the order, send a copy of the order to the Appropriate Government, the Authority,
and the concerned licensees and to the person concerned.
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in Part X, the tariff for any
inter-State supply, transmission or wheeling of electricity, as the case may be,
involving the territories of two States may, upon application made to it by the
parties intending to undertake such supply, transmission or wheeling, be determined
under this section by the State Commission having jurisdiction in respect of the
licensee who intends to distribute electricity and make payment therefor:
(6) A tariff order shall, unless amended or revoked, shall continue
to be in force for such period as may be specified in the tariff order.
Provision of
subsidy by State
Government.
65. If the State Government requires the grant of any subsidy to any consumer
or class of consumers in the tariff determined by the State Commission under
section 62, the State Government shall, notwithstanding any direction which may
be given under section 108, pay, within in advance in the manner as may be
specified , by the State Commission the amount to compensate the person affected
by the grant of subsidy in the manner the State Commission may direct, as a
condition for the licence or any other person concerned to implement the subsidy
provided for by the State Government:
Provided that no such direction of the State Government shall be operative
if the payment is not made in accordance with the provisions contained in this
section and the tariff fixed by State Commission shall be applicable from the date
of issue of orders by the Commission in this regard.
.
Development of
market.
66. The Appropriate Commission shall endeavour to promote the development
of a market (including trading) in power in such manner as may be specified and
shall be guided by the National Electricity Policy referred to in section 3 in this
regard..
34
Provision as to
opening up of
streets, railways
etc.
PART – VIII
WORKS
Works of licensees
67. (1) A licensee may, from time to time but subject always to the
terms and conditions of his licence, within his area of supply or transmission or
when permitted by the terms of his licence to lay down or place electric supply
lines without the area of supply, without that area carry out works such as –
(a) to open and break up the soil and pavement of any street, railway
or tramway;
(b) to open and break up any sewer, drain or tunnel in or under any
street, railway or tramway;
(c) to alter the position of any line or works or pipes, other than a
main sewer pipe;
(d) to lay down and place electric lines, electrical plant and other
works;
(e) to repair, alter or remove the same;
(f) to do all other acts necessary for transmission or supply of
electricity.
(2) The Appropriate Government may, by rules made by it in this
behalf, specify, –
(a) the cases and circumstances in which the consent in writing of the
Appropriate Government, local authority, owner or occupier, as the case may be,
shall be required for carrying out works;
(b) the authority which may grant permission in the circumstances
where the owner or occupier objects to the carrying out of works;
(c) the nature and period of notice to be given by the licensee before
carrying out works;
(d) the procedure and manner of consideration of objections and
suggestion received in accordance with the notice referred to in clause (c);
(e) the determination and payment of compensation or rent to the
persons affected by works under this section;
(f) the repairs and works to be carried out when emergency exists;
(g) the right of the owner or occupier to carry out certain works
under this section and the payment of expenses therefor;
(h) the procedure for carrying out other works near sewers, pipes or
other electric lines or works;
(i) the procedure for alteration of the position of pipes, electric lines,
electrical plant, telegraph lines, sewer lines, tunnels, drains, etc.;
(j) the procedure for fencing, guarding, lighting and other safety
measures relating to works on streets, railways, tramways, sewers, drains or tunnels
and immediate reinstatement thereof;
35
(k) the avoidance of public nuisance, environmental damage and
unnecessary damage to the public and private property by such works;
(1) the procedure for undertaking works which are not reparable by
the Appropriate Government, licensee or local authority;
(m) the manner of deposit of amount required for restoration of any
railways, tramways, waterways, etc.;
(n) the manner of restoration of property affected by such works and
maintenance thereof;
(o) the procedure for deposit of compensation payable by the
licensee and furnishing of security; and
(p) such other matters as are incidental or consequential to the
construction and maintenance of works under this section.
(3) A licensee shall, in exercise of any of the powers conferred by or
under this section and the rules made thereunder, cause as little damage, detriment
and inconvenience as may be, and shall make full compensation for any damage,
detriment or inconvenience caused by him or by any one employed by him.
(4) Where any difference or dispute [including amount of
compensation under sub-section (3)] arises under this section, the matter shall be
determined by the Appropriate Commission.
(5) The Appropriate Commission, while determining any difference or
dispute arising under this section in addition to any compensation under sub-section
(3), may impose a penalty not exceeding the amount of compensation payable
under that sub-section.
Overhead lines.
Provisions relating to overhead lines
68. (1) An overhead line shall, with prior approval of the Appropriate
Government, be installed or kept installed above ground in accordance with the
provisions of sub-section (2).
(2) The provisions contained in sub-section (1) shall not apply-
(a) in relation to an electric line which has a nominal voltage not
exceeding 11 kilovolts and is used or intended to be used for supplying to a single
consumer;
(b) in relation to so much of an electric line as is or will be within
premises in the occupation or control of the person responsible for its installation;
or
(c) in such other cases as may be prescribed.
(3) The Appropriate Government shall, while granting approval
under sub-section (1), impose such conditions (including conditions as to the
ownership and operation of the line) as appear to it to be necessary
(4) The Appropriate Government may vary or revoke the approval at
any time after the end of such period as may be stipulated in the approval granted
by it.
(5) Where any tree standing or lying near an overhead line or where
any structure or other object which has been placed or has fallen near an overhead
line subsequent to the placing of such line, interrupts or interferes with, or is likely
to interrupt or interfere with, the conveyance or transmission of electricity or the
36
to interrupt or interfere with, the conveyance or transmission of electricity or the
accessibility of any works, an Executive Magistrate or authority specified by the
Appropriate Government may, on the application of the licensee, cause the tree,
structure or object to be removed or otherwise dealt with as he or it thinks fit.
(6) When disposing of an application under sub-section (5), an
Executive Magistrate or authority specified under that sub-section shall, in the case
of any tree in existence before the placing of the overhead line, award to the person
interested in the tree such compensation as he thinks reasonable, and such person
may recover the same from the licensee.
Explanation. – For purposes of this section, the expression “ tree” shall be
deemed to include any shrub, hedge, jungle growth or other plant.
Notice to
telegraph
authority.
69. (1) A licensee shall, before laying down or placing, within ten meters
of any telegraph line, electric line, electrical plant or other works, not being either
service lines, or electric lines or electrical plant, for the repair, renewal or
amendment of existing works of which the character or position is not to be
altered,-
(a) submit a proposal in case of a new installation to an authority to
be designated by the Central Government and such authority shall take a decision
on the proposal within thirty days;
(b) give not less than ten days’ notice in writing to the telegraph
authority in case of repair, renewal or amendment or existing works , specifying-
(i) the course of the works or alterations proposed ;
(ii) the manner in which the works are to be utilised ;
(iii) the amount and nature of the electricity to be transmitted;
(iv) the extent to, and the manner in which (if at all), earth returns are
to be used ,
and the licensee shall conform to such reasonable requirements, either general or
special, as may be laid down by the telegraph authority within that period for
preventing any telegraph line from being injuriously affected by such works or
alterations:
Provided that in case of emergency (which shall be stated by the licensee
in writing to the telegraph authority) arising from defects in any of the electric lines
or electrical plant or other works of the licensee, the licensee shall be required to
give only such notice as may be possible after the necessity for the proposed new
works or alterations has arisen.
(2) Where the works of the laying or placing of any service line is to
be executed the licensee shall, not less than forty-eight hours before commencing
the work, serve upon the telegraph authority a notice in writing of his intention to
execute such works.
37
Constitution,
etc., of Central
Electricity
Authority.
54 of 1948.
PART – IX
CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY
Constitution and functions of Authority
70. (1) There shall be a body to be called the Central Electricity
Authority to exercise such functions and perform such duties as are assigned to it
under this Act.
(2) The Central Electricity Authority, established under section 3 of
the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 and functioning as such immediately before the
appointed date, shall be the Central Electricity Authority for the purposes of this
Act and the Chairperson , Members, Secretary and other officers and employees
thereof shall be deemed to have been appointed under this Act and they shall
continue to hold office on the same terms and conditions on which they were
appointed under the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948.
(3) The Authority shall consist of not more than fourteen Members
(including its Chairperson) of whom not more than eight shall be full-time
Members to be appointed by the Central Government.
(4) The Central Government may appoint any person, eligible to be appointed
as Member of the Authority, as the Chairperson of the Authority, or, designate one
of the full time Members as the Chairperson of the Authority.
(5) The Members of the Authority shall be appointed from amongst persons
of ability, integrity and standing who have knowledge of, and adequate
experience and capacity in, dealing with problems relating to engineering, finance,
commerce, economics or industrial matters, and at least one Member shall be
appointed from each of the following categories, namely:-
(a) engineering with specialisation in design, construction, operation
and maintenance of generating stations;
(b) engineering with specialisation in transmission and supply of
electricity;
(c) applied research in the field of electricity;
(d) applied economics, accounting, commerce or finance.
(6) The Chairperson and all the Members of the Authority shall hold
office during the pleasure of the Central Government.
(7) The Chairperson shall be the Chief Executive of the Authority.
(8) The head quarters of the Authority shall be at Delhi.
(9) The Authority shall meet at the head office or any other place at
such time as the Chairperson may direct, and shall observe such rules of procedure
in regard to the transaction of business at its meetings (including the quorum at its
meetings) as it may specify.
(10) The Chairperson, or if he is unable to attend a meeting of the
Authority, any other Member nominated by the Chairperson in this behalf and in
the absence of such nomination or where there is no Chairperson, any Member
chosen by the Members present from among themselves shall preside at the
meeting.
(11) All questions which come up before any meeting of the Authority
shall be decided by a majority of votes of the Members present and voting, and in
38
the event of an equality of votes, the Chairperson or the person presiding shall have
the right to exercise a second or casting vote.
(12) All orders and decisions of the Authority shall be authenticated
by the Secretary or any other officer of the Authority duly authorised by the
Chairperson in this behalf.
(13) No act or proceedings of the Authority shall be questioned or
shall be invalidated merely on the ground of existence of any vacancy in, or any
defect in, the constitution of, the Authority.
(14) The Chairperson of the Authority and other full time Members
shall receive such salary and allowances as may be determined by the Central
Government and other Members shall receive such allowances and fees for
attending the meetings of the Authority, as the Central Government may prescribe.
(15) The other terms and conditions of service of the Chairperson and
Members of the Authority including, subject to the provisions of sub-section (6),
their terms of office shall be such as the Central Government may prescribe.
Members not to
have certain
interest.
71. No Member of the Authority shall have any share or interest,
whether in his own name or otherwise, in any company or other body corporate or
an association of persons (whether incorporated or not), or a firm engaged in the
business of generation, transmission, distribution and trading of electricity or fuel
for the generation thereof or in the manufacture of electrical equipment.
Officers and staff
of Authority.
72. The Authority may appoint a Secretary and such other officers
and employees as it considers necessary for the performance of its functions under
this Act and on such terms as to salary, remuneration, fee, allowance, pension,
leave and gratuity, as the authority may in consultation with the Central
Government, fix:
Provided that the appointment of the Secretary shall be subject to the
approval of the Central Government.
Functions and
duties of
Authority.
73. The Authority shall perform such functions and duties as the
Central Government may prescribe or direct, and in particular to –
(a) advise the Central Government on the matters relating to the
national electricity policy, formulate short-term and perspective plans for
development of the electricity system and co- ordinate the activities of the planning
agencies for the optimal utilisation of resources to subserve the interests of the
national economy and to provide reliable and affordable electricity for all
consumers;
(b) specify the technical standards for construction of electrical
plants, electric lines and connectivity to the grid;
(c) specify the safety requirements for construction, operation and
maintenance of electrical plants and electric lines;
(d) specify the Grid Standards for operation and maintenance of
transmission lines;
(e) specify the conditions for installation of meters for transmission
and supply of electricity;
(f) promote and assist in the timely completion of schemes and
projects for improving and augmenting the electricity system;
39
(g) promote measures for advancing the skill of persons engaged in
the electricity industry;
(h) advise the Central Government on any matter on which its advice
is sought or make recommendation to that Government on any matter if, in the
opinion of the Authority, the recommendation would help in improving the
generation, transmission, trading, distribution and utilisation of electricity;
(i) collect and record the data concerning the generation,
transmission, trading, distribution and utilisation of electricity and carry out studies
relating to cost, efficiency, competitiveness and such like matters;
(j) make public from time to time information secured under this
Act, and provide for the publication of reports and investigations;
(k) promote research in matters affecting the generation,
transmission, distribution and trading of electricity;
(l) carry out, or cause to be carried out , any investigation for the
purposes of generating or transmitting or distributing electricity;
(m) advise any State Government, licensees or the generating
companies on such matters which shall enable them to operate and maintain the
electricity system under their ownership or control in an improved manner and
where necessary, in co-ordination with any other Government, licensee or the
generating company owning or having the control of another electricity system;
(n) advise the Appropriate Government and the Appropriate
Commission on all technical matters relating to generation, transmission and
distribution of electricity;and
(o) discharge such other functions as may be provided under this Act.
Power to require
statistics and
returns.
Certain powers and directions
74. It shall be the duty of every licensee, generating company or person
generating electricity for its or his own use to furnish to the Authority such
statistics, returns or other information relating to generation, transmission,
distribution, trading and use of electricity as it may require and at such times and
in such form and manner as may be specified by the Authority.
Directions by
Central
Government to
Authority.
75. (1) In the discharge of its functions, the Authority shall be guided by
such directions in matters of policy involving public interest as the Central
Government may give to it in writing.
(2) If any question arises as to whether any such direction relates to
a matter of policy involving public interest, the decision of the Central Government
thereon shall be final.
Constitution of
Central
Commission.
14 of 1998.
PART X
REGULATORY COMMISSIONS
Constitution, powers and functions of Central Commission
76. (1) There shall be a Commission to be known as the Central
Electricity Regulatory Commission to exercise the powers conferred on, and
discharge the functions assigned to, it under this Act.
(2) The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission, established
under section 3 of the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998 and
functioning as such immediately before the appointed date, shall be deemed to be
the Central Commission for the purposes of this Act and the Chairperson,
40
the Central Commission for the purposes of this Act and the Chairperson,
Members, Secretary, and other officers and employees thereof shall deemed to
have been appointed under this Act and they shall continue to hold office on the
same terms and conditions on which they were appointed under the Electricity
Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998.
Provided that the Chairperson and other Members of the Central Commission
appointed, before the commencement of this Act, under the Electricity Regulatory
Commissions Act, 1998, may, on the recommendations of the Selection Committee
constituted under sub-section (1) of section 78, be allowed, to opt for the terms and
conditions under this Act by the Central Government.
(3) The Central Commission shall be a body corporate by the name
aforesaid, having perpetual succession and a common seal with power to acquire,
hold and dispose of property, both movable and immovable, and to contract and
shall, by the said name, sue or be sued.
(4) The head office of the Central Commission shall be at such
place as the Central Government may, by notification, specify.
(5) The Central Commission shall consist of the following Members
namely:-
(a) a Chairperson and three other Members;
(b) the Chairperson of the Authority who shall be the Member, ex
officio.
(6) The Chairperson and Members of the Central Commission shall
be appointed by the Central Government on the recommendation of the Selection
Committee referred to in section 78.
Qualification for
appointment of
Members of
Central
Commission.
77. (1) The Chairperson and the Members of the Central Commission
shall be persons having adequate knowledge of, or experience in,or shown capacity
in, dealing with, problems relating to engineering, law, economics, commerce,
finance or, management and shall be appointed in the following manner, namely:-
(a) one person having qualifications and experience in the field of
engineering with specialisation in generation, transmission or distribution of
electricity;
(b) one person having qualifications and experience in the field of
finance;
c) two persons having qualifications and experience in the field of
economics, commerce, law or management:
Provided that not more than one Member shall be appointed under the
same category under clause (c).
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the
Central Government may appoint any person as the Chairperson from amongst
persons who is,or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court or the Chief Justice of a
High Court:
Provided that no appointment under this sub-section shall be made except
after consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
(3) The Chairperson or any other Member of the Central
Commission shall not hold any other office.
(4) The Chairperson shall be the Chief Executive of the Central
Commission.
41
Constitution of
Selection
Committee to
recommend
Members
1 of 1956
Commission.
78. (1) The Central Government shall, for the purposes of selecting the Members
of the Appellate Tribunal and the Chairperson and Members of the Central
Commission, constitute a Selection Committee consisting of –
(a) Member of the Planning Commission
incharge of the energy sector ……………… Chairperson;
(b) Secretary-in-charge of the Ministry of the Central Government
dealing with the Department of the Legal Affairs …………. Member;
(c) Chairperson of the Public Enterprises Selection Board …….. Member;
(d) a person to be nominated by the Central Government
in accordance with sub-section (2)………………… Member ;
(e) a person to be nominated by the Central Government
in accordance with sub-section (3) ………………… Member ;
(f) Secretary-in-charge of the Ministry of the Central
Government dealing with power ………………….. Member.
(2) For the purposes of clause (d) of sub-section (1), the Central
Government shall nominate from amongst persons holding the post of chairperson
or managing director, by whatever name called, of any public financial institution
specified in section 4A of the Companies Act, 1956.
(3) For the purposes of clause (e) of sub-section (1), the Central
Government shall, by notification, nominate from amongst persons holding the post
of director or the head of the institution, by whatever name called, of any research,
technical or management institution for this purpose.
(4) Secretary-in-charge of the Ministry of the Central Government
dealing with Power shall be the Convenor of the Selection Committee.
(5) The Central Government shall, within one month from the date of
occurrence of any vacancy by reason of death, resignation or removal of a
Member of the Appellate Tribunal or the Chairperson or a Member of the Central
Commission and six months before the superannuation or end of tenure of the
Member of the Appellate Tribunal or Member of the Central Commission, make a
reference to the Selection Committee for filling up of the vacancy.
(6) The Selection Committee shall finalise the selection of the
Chairperson and Members referred to in sub-section (5) within three month from
the date on which the reference is made to it.
(7) The Selection Committee shall recommend a panel of two names
for every vacancy referred to it.
(8) Before recommending any person for appointment as Member of
the Appellate Tribunal or the Chairperson or other Member of the Central
Commission, the Selection Committee shall satisfy itself that such person does not
have any financial or other interest which is likely to affect prejudicially his
functions as the Chairperson or Member.
(9) No appointment of the Chairperson or other Member shall be
invalid merely by reason of any vacancy in the Selection Committee:
Provided that nothing contained in this section shall apply to the
appointment of a person as the Chairperson of the Central Commission where such
person is, or has been , a Judge of the Supreme Court or the Chief Justice of a High
42
Functions of
Central
Commission
person is, or has been , a Judge of the Supreme Court or the Chief Justice of a High
Court.
79. (1) The Central Commission shall discharge the following functions,
namely:-
(a) to regulate the tariff of generating companies owned or controlled by
the Central Government;
(b) to regulate the tariff of generating companies other than those owned
or controlled by the Central Government specified in clause (a), if
such generating companies enter into or otherwise have a composite
scheme for generation and sale of electricity in more than one State;
(c) to regulate the inter-State transmission of electricity ;
(d) to determine tariff for inter-State transmission of electricity;
(e) to issue licenses to persons to function as transmission licensee and
electricity trader with respect to their inter-State operations.
(f) to adjudicate upon disputes involving generating companies or
transmission licensee in regard to matters connected with clauses (a)
to (d) above and to refer any dispute for arbitration;
(g) to levy fees for the purposes of this Act;
(h) to specify Grid Code having regard to Grid Standards;
(i) to specify and enforce the standards with respect to quality,
continuity and reliability of service by licensees.
(j) to fix the trading margin in the inter-State trading of electricity, if
considered, necessary;
(k) to discharge such other functions as may be assigned under this Act.
(2) The Central Commission shall advise the Central Government on all or any of
the following matters, namely :-
(a) Advise the Central Government on all or any of the following
matters, namely:-
(i) formulation of National electricity Policy and tariff
policy:
(ii) promotion of competition, efficiency and economy in
activities of the electricity industry;
(iii) promotion of investment in electricity industry;
(iv) any other matter referred to the Central Commission by
that Government.
(3) The Central Commission shall ensure transparency while
exercising its powers and discharging its functions.
(4) In discharge of its functions, the Central Commission shall be
guided by the National Electricity Policy, National Electricity Plan and tariff policy
published under section 3.
43
Central Advisory
Committee
.
Objects of Central
Advisory
Committee
Constitution of
State Commission
14 of 1998
80 (1) The Central Commission may, by notification, establish with
effect from such date as it may specify in such notification, a Committee to be
known as the Central Advisory Committee.
(2) The Central Advisory Committee shall consist of not more than
thirty-one members to represent the interests of commerce, industry, transport,
agriculture, labour, consumers, non-governmental organisations and academic and
research bodies in the electricity sector.
(3) The Chairperson of the Central Commission shall be the exofficio
Chairperson of the Central Advisory Committee and the Members of that
Commission and Secretary to the Government of India in charge of the Ministry or
Department of the Central Government dealing with Consumer Affairs and Public
Distribution System shall be the ex-officio Members of the Committee.
81. The objects of the Central Advisory Committee shall be to advise the
Central Commission on:–
(i) major questions of policy;
(ii) matters relating to quality, continuity and extent of service
provided by the licensees;
(iii) compliance by the licensees with the conditions and requirements
of their licence;
(iv) protection of consumer interest;
(v) electricity supply and overall standards of performance by
utilities.
Constitution, powers and functions of the State Commissions
82. (1) Every State Government shall, within six months from the
appointed date, by notification, constitute for the purposes of this Act, a
Commission for the State to be known as the (name of the State) Electricity
Regulatory Commission:
Provided that the State Electricity Regulatory Commission, established by
a State Government under section 17 of the Electricity Regulatory Commissions
Act, 1998 and the enactments specified in the Schedule, and functioning as such
immediately before the appointed date shall be the State Commission for the
purposes of this Act and the Chairperson, Members, Secretary, and other officers
and other employees thereof shall continue to hold office, on the same terms and
conditions on which they were appointed under those Acts.
Provided further that the Chairperson and other Members of the State
Commission appointed before the commencement of this Act under the Electricity
Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998 or under the enactments specified in the
Schedule, may on the recommendations of the Selection Committee constituted
under sub-section (1) of Section 85 be allowed to opt for the terms and conditions
under this Act by the concerned State Government.
(2) The State Commission shall be a body corporate by the name
aforesaid, having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power to acquire,
hold and dispose of property, both movable and immovable, and to contract and
shall, by the said name, sue or be sued.
(3) The head office of the State Commission shall be at such place as
the State Government may, by notification, specify.
44
(4) The State Commission shall consist of not more than three
Members, including the Chairperson.
(5) The Chairperson and Members of the State Commission shall be
appointed by the State Government on the recommendation of a Selection
Committee referred to in section 85.
Joint Commission
14 of 1998
83. (1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in section 82,
a Joint Commission may be constituted by an agreement to be entered into –
(a) by two or more Governments of States; or
(b) by the Central Government, in respect of one or more Union
territories, and one or more Governments of States,
and shall be in force for such period and shall be subject to renewal for
each further period, if any, as may be stipulated in the agreement:
Provided that the Joint Commission, constituted under section 21 A of
Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998 and functioning as such
immediately before the appointed day, shall be the Joint Commission for the
purposes of this Act and the Chairperson, members, Secretary and other officers
and employees thereof shall be deemed to have been appointed as such under this
Act and they shall continue to hold office, on the same terms and conditions on
which they were appointed under the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act,
1998.
(2) The Joint Commission shall consists of 1 Member from each of
the participating States and Union Territories and the Chairperson shall be
appointed from amongst the Members by consensus, failing which by rotation.
(3) An agreement under sub-section (1) shall contain provisions as to
the name of the Joint Commission, the manner in which the participating States
may be associated in the selection of the Chairperson and Members of the Joint
Commission, manner of appointment of Members and appointment of
Chairperson by rotation or consensus, places at which the Commission shall sit,
apportionment among the participating States of the expenditure in connection with
the Joint Commission, manner in which the differences of opinion between the
Joint Commission and the State Government concerned would be resolved and may
also contain such other supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions not
inconsistent with this Act as may be deemed necessary or expedient for giving
effect to the agreement.
(4) The Joint Commission shall determine tariff in respect of the
participating States or Union Territories separately and independently.
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, the Central
Government may, if so authorised by all the participating States, constitute a Joint
Commission and may exercise the powers in respect of all or any of the matters
specified under sub-section (3) and specifically so authorized by the participating
States.
Qualifications of
appointment of
Chairperson and
Members of
State
Commission.
84. (1) The Chairperson and the Members of the State Commission shall
be persons of ability, integrity and standing who have adequate knowledge of, and
have shown capacity in, dealing with problems relating to engineering, finance,
commerce, economics, law or management.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the State
Government may appoint any person as the Chairperson from amongst persons who
is, or has been, a Judge of a High Court:
45
is, or has been, a Judge of a High Court:
Provided that no appointment under this sub-section shall be made except
after consultation with the Chief Justice of that High Court.
(3) The Chairperson or any other Member of the State Commission
shall not hold any other office.
(4) The Chairperson shall be the Chief Executive of the State
Commission.
Constitution of
Selection
Committee to
select Members of
State Commission.
Functions of
State
Commission
85. (1) The State Government shall, for the purposes of selecting the Members
of the State Commission, constitute a Selection Committee consisting of –
(a) a person who has been a Judge of the High Court…. Chairperson;
(b) the Chief Secretary of the concerned State… … … … . ….Member;
(c) the Chairperson of the Authority or
the Chairperson of the Central Commission … … … … .. Member:
Provided that nothing contained in this section shall apply to the
appointment of a person as the Chairperson who is or has been a Judge of the High
Court.
(2) The State Government shall, within one month from the date of
occurrence of any vacancy by reason of death, resignation or removal of the
Chairperson or a Member and six months before the superannuation or end of
tenure of the Chairperson or Member, make a reference to the Selection Committee
for filling up of the vacancy.
(3) The Selection Committee shall finalise the selection of the
Chairperson and Members within three month from the date on which the reference
is made to it.
(4) The Selection Committee shall recommend a panel of two names
for every vacancy referred to it.
(5) Before recommending any person for appointment as the
Chairperson or other Member of the State Commission, the Selection Committee
shall satisfy itself that such person does not have any financial or other interest
which is likely to affect prejudicially his functions as Chairperson or Member, as
the case may be.
(6) No appointment of Chairperson or other Member shall be invalid
merely by reason of any vacancy in the Selection Committee.
86. (1) The State Commission shall discharge the following functions,
namely: –
(a) determine the tariff for generation, supply, transmission and
wheeling of electricity, wholesale, bulk or retail, as the case may be, within the
State:
Providing that where open access has been permitted to a category of
consumers under section 42, the State Commission shall determine only the
wheeling charges and surcharge thereon, if any, for the said category of
consumers;
(b) regulate electricity purchase and procurement process of
distribution licensees including the price at which electricity shall be procured
from the generating companies or licensees or from other sources through
46
agreements for purchase of power for distribution and supply within the State;
(c) facilitate intra-state transmission and wheeling of electricity;
(d) issue licences to persons seeking to act as transmission licensees,
distribution licensees and electricity traders with respect to their operations within
the State;
(e) promote congenration and generation of electricity from
renewable sources of energy by providing suitable measures for connectivity with
the grid and sale of electricity to any person, and also specify, for purchase of
electricity from such sources, a percentage of the total consumption of electricity
in the area of a distribution licence;
(f) adjudicate upon the disputes between the licensees, and
generating companies and to refer any dispute for arbitration;
(g) levy fee for the purposes of this Act;
(h) specify State Grid Code consistent with the Grid Code
specified under clause (h) of sub-section (1) of section 79;
(i) specify or enforce standards with respect to quality, continuity
and reliability of service by licensees;
(j) fix the trading margin in the intra-State trading of electricity, if
considered, necessary; and
(k) discharge such other functions as may be assigned to it under this Act.
(2) The State Commission shall advise the State Government on all or any
of the following matters, namely :-.
(i) promotion of competition, efficiency and economy in activities
of the electricity industry;
(ii) promotion of investment in electricity industry;
(iii) reorganization and restructuring of electricity industry in the
State;
(iv) matters concerning generation, transmission , distribution and
trading of electricity or any other matter referred to the State Commission by that
Government.
(3) The State Commission shall ensure transparency while exercising
its powers and discharging its functions.
(4) In discharge of its functions the State Commission shall be
guided by the National Electricity Policy, National Electricity Plan and tariff policy
published under section 3.
State
Advisory
Committee
87. (1) The State Commission may, by notification, establish with effect
from such date as it may specify in such notification, a Committee to be known as
the State Advisory Committee.
(2) The State Advisory Committee shall consist of not more than
twenty-one members to represent the interests of commerce, industry, transport,
agriculture, labour, consumers, non-governmental organisations and academic and
research bodies in the electricity sector.
(3) The Chairperson of the State Commission shall be the ex-officio
Chairperson of the State Advisory Committee and the Members of the State
Commission and the Secretary to State Government in charge of the Ministry or
47
Objects of State
Advisory
Committee
Commission and the Secretary to State Government in charge of the Ministry or
Department dealing with Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution System shall be
the ex-officio Members of the Committee.
88. The objects of the State Advisory Committee shall be to advise the
Commission on –
(i) major questions of policy;
(ii) matters relating to quality, continuity and extent of service
provided by the licensees;
(iii) compliance by licensees with the conditions and requirements
of their licence:
(iv) protection of consumer interest; and
(v) electricity supply and overall standards of performance by
utilities.
Term of office and
conditions of
service of
members
Appropriate Commission – Other Provisions
89. (1) The Chairperson or other Member shall hold office for a term of
five years from the date he enters upon his office;
Provided that the Chairperson or other Member in the Central Commission
or the State Commission shall not be eligible for re-appointment in the same
capacity as the Chairperson or a Member in that Commission in which he had
earlier held office as such :
Provided further that no Chairperson or Member shall hold office as such after
he has attained the age of sixty-five years.
(2) The salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of service
of the Chairperson and Members shall be such as may be prescribed by the
Appropriate Government.
Provided that the salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of
service of the Members, shall not be varied to their disadvantage after
appointment.
(3) Every Member shall, before entering upon his office, make and
subscribe to an oath of office and secrecy in such form and in such manner and
before such authority as may be prescribed.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), a Member
may-
(a) Relinquish his office by giving in writing to the Appropriate
Government a notice of not less than three months; or
(b) be removed from his office in accordance with the provisions of
section 90.
(5) Any member ceasing to hold office as such shall –
(a) not accept any commercial employment for a period of two years
from the date he ceases to hold such office; and
48
(b) not represent any person before the Central Commission or any
State Commission in any manner.
Explanation. – For the purposes of this sub-section “commercial
employment” means employment in any capacity in any organisation which has
been a party to the proceedings before the Appropriate Commission or employment
in any capacity under, or agency of, a person engaged in trading, commercial,
industrial or financial business in electricity industry and includes a director of a
company or partner of a firm or setting up practice either independently or as
partner of a firm or as an advisor or a consultant.
Removal of
member.
90. (1) No Member shall be removed from office except in accordance
with the provisions of this section.
(2) The Central Commission, in the case of a Member of the Central
Commission, and the State Government, in the case of a Member of the State
Commission, may by order remove from office any Member, if he-
(a) has been adjudged an insolvent;
b) has been convicted of an offence which, in the opinion of the
Appropriate Government, involves moral turpitude;
(c) has become physically or mentally incapable of acting as a
Member;
(d) has acquired such financial or other interest as is likely to affect
prejudicially his functions as a Member;
(e) has so abused his position as to render his continuance in office
prejudicial to the public interest; or
(f) has been guilty of proved misbehaviour:
Provided that no Member shall be removed from his office on any ground
specified in clauses (d), (e) and (f) unless the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal
on a reference being made to him in this behalf by the Central Government, or
the State Government, as the case may be, has, on an inquiry, held by him in
accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed by the Central Government,
reported that the Member ought on such ground or grounds to be removed.
(3) The Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be,
may, in consultation with the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal suspend any
Member of the Appropriate Commission in respect of whom a reference has been
made to the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal, under sub-section (2) until the
Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, has passed
orders on receipt of the report of the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal, on
such reference :
Provided that nothing contained in this section shall apply to the
Chairperson of the Appropriate Commission who, at the time of his appointment as
such is a sitting Judge of the Supreme court or the chief Justice of a High Court or
a Judge of a High Court.
Secretary
Officers and other
Proceedings and powers of the Appropriate Commission
91. (1) The Appropriate Commission may appoint a Secretary to exercise
such powers and perform such duties as may be specified.
49
employees of
Appropriate
Commission .
such powers and perform such duties as may be specified.
(2) The Appropriate Commission may, with the approval of the
Appropriate Government, specify the numbers, nature and categories of other
officers and employees.
(3) The salaries and allowances payable to, and other term and
conditions of service of, the Secretary, officers and other employees shall be such
as may be specified with the approval of the Appropriate Government.
(4) The Appropriate Commission may appoint consultants required
to assist that Commission in the discharge of its functions on the terms and
conditions as may be specified.
5 of 1908
Proceedings of
Appropriate
Commission.
92. (1) The Appropriate Commission shall meet at the head office or any
other place at such time as the Chairperson may direct, and shall observe such rules
of procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its meetings (including the
quorum at its meetings) as it may specify.
(2) The Chairperson, or if he is unable to attend a meeting of the
Appropriate Commission, any other Member nominated by the Chairperson in this
behalf and, in the absence of such nomination or where there is no Chairperson, any
Member chosen by the Members present from among themselves, shall preside at
the meeting.
(3) All questions which come up before any meeting of the
Appropriate Commission shall be decided by a majority of votes of the Members
present and voting, and in the event of an equality of votes, the Chairperson or in
his absence, the person presiding shall have a second or casting vote.
(4) Save as otherwise provided in sub-section (3), every Member
shall have one vote.
(5) All orders and decisions of the Appropriate Commission shall be
authenticated by its Secretary or any other officer of the Commission duly
authorised by the Chairperson in this behalf.
Vacancies, etc.,
not to invalidate
proceedings.
93. No act or proceedings of the Appropriate Commission shall be questioned
or shall be invalidated merely on the ground of existence of any vacancy or defect
in the constitution of the Appropriate Commission.
Powers of
Appropriate
Commission .
94. (1) The Appropriate Commission shall, for the purposes of any
inquiry or proceedings under this Act, have the same powers as are vested in a civil
court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 in respect of the following matters,
namely: –
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and
examining him on oath;
(b) discovery and production of any document or other material
object producible as evidence;
(c) receiving evidence on affidavits;
(d) requisitioning of any public record;
(e) issueing commission for the examination of witnesses;
(f) reviewing its decisions, directions and orders;
5 of 1908.
50
(g) any other matter which may be prescribed.
(2) The Appropriate Commission shall have the powers to pass such
interim order in any proceeding, hearing or matter before the Appropriate
Commission, as that Commission may consider appropriate.
(3) The Appropriate Commission may authorise any person, as it
deems fit, to represent the interest of the consumers in the proceedings before it.
Proceedings
before
Commission.
45 of 1860.
2 of 1974.
95. All proceedings before the Appropriate Commission shall be deemed to
be judicial proceedings within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian
Penal Code and the Appropriate Commission shall be deemed to be a civil court
for the purposes of sections 345 and 346 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
Powers of entry
and seizure.
2 of 1974
96. The Appropriate Commission or any officer, not below the rank of a
Gazetted Officer specially authorised in this behalf by the Commission, may enter
any building or place where the Commission has reason to believe that any
document relating to the subject matter of the inquiry may be found, and may seize
any such document or take extracts or copies therefrom subject to the provisions of
section 100 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, insofar as it may be
applicable.
Delegation .
Grants and loans
by Central
Government
Establishment of
Fund by Central
Government
97. The Appropriate Commission may, by general or special order in writing,
delegate to any Member, Secretary officer of the Appropriate Commission or any
other person subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the order,
such of its powers and functions under this Act (except the powers to adjudicate
disputes under Section 79 and Section 86 and the powers to make regulations under
section 178 or section 181) as it may deem necessary.
Grants, Fund, Accounts, Audit and Report
98. The Central Government may, after due appropriation made by Parliament
in this behalf, make to the Central Commission grants and loans of such sums of
money as that Government may consider necessary.
99. (1) There shall be constituted a Fund to be called the Central Electricity
Regulatory Commission Fund and there shall be credited thereto-
(a) any grants and loans made to the Central Commission by the Central
Government under section 98;
(b) all fees received by the Central Commission under this Act;
(c) all sums received by the Central Commission from such other sources as
may be decided upon by the Central Government.
(2) The Fund shall be applied for meeting –
(a) the salary, allowances and other remuneration of Chairperson,
Members, Secretary, officers and other employees of the Central
Commission;
(b) the expenses of the Central Commission in discharge of its
function under section 79;
(c) the expenses on objects and for purposes authorised by this Act.
(3) The Central Government may, in consultation with the Comptroller
and Auditor-General of India, prescribe the manner of applying the Fund for
meeting the expenses specified in clause (b) or clause (c) of sub-section (2).
51
Accounts and
Audit of Central
Commission.
Annual Report of
Central
Commission
Grants and
Loans by State
Government
Establishment of
Fund by State
Government
100. (1) The Central Commission shall maintain proper accounts and
other relevant records and prepare an annual statement of accounts in such form as
may be prescribed by the Central Government in consultation with the Comptroller
and Auditor-General of India.
(2) The accounts of the Central Commission shall be audited by the
Comptroller and Auditor-General of India at such intervals as may be specified by
him and any expenditure incurred in connection with such audit shall be payable by
the Central Commission to the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
(3) The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and any person
appointed by him in connection with the auditing of the accounts of the Central
Commission under this Act shall have the same rights and privileges and authority
in connection with such audit as the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India has
in connection with the audit of the Government accounts and, in particular, shall
have the right to demand the production of books, accounts, connected vouchers
and other documents and papers and to inspect any of the offices of the Central
Commission.
(4) The accounts of the Central Commission, as certified by the
Comptroller and Auditor- General of India or any other person appointed by him in
this behalf, together with the audit report thereon, shall be forwarded annually to
the Central Government and that Government shall cause the same to be laid, as
soon as may be after it is received, before each House of Parliament.
101. (1) The Central Commission shall prepare once every year, in such form
and at such time as may be prescribed, an annual report giving a summary of its
activities during the previous year and copies of the report shall be forwarded to
the Central Government.
(2) A copy of the report received under sub-section (1) shall be laid, as
soon as may be after it is received, before each House of Parliament.
102. The State Government may, after due appropriation made by Legislature
of a State in this behalf, make to the State Commission grants and loans of such
sums of money as that Government may consider necessary.
103. (1) There shall be constituted a Fund to be called the State Electricity
Regulatory Commission fund and there shall be credited thereto-
(a) any grants and loans made to the State Commission by the State
Government under Section 102;
(b) all fees received by the State Commission under this Act;
(c) all sums received by the State Commission from such other sources as may
be decided upon by the State Government.
(2) The Fund shall be applied for meeting –
(a) the salary, allowances and other remuneration of Chairperson, Members,
Secretary, officers and other employees of the State Commission;
(b) the expenses of the State Commission in discharge of its function under
Section 86; and
(c) the expenses on objects and for purposes authorised by this Act.
(3) The State Government may, in consultation with the Comptroller and
Auditor-General of India, prescribe the manner of applying the Fund for meeting
the expenses specified in clause (b) or clause (c) of sub-section (2).
52
Accounts and
audit of State
Commission
Annual report of
State Commission
Budget of
Appropriate
Commission
104. (1) The State Commission shall maintain proper accounts and other
relevant records and prepare annual statement of accounts in such forms as may be
prescribed by the State Government in consultation with the Comptroller and
Auditor-General of India.
(2) The Accounts of the State Commission shall be audited by the
Comptroller and Auditor-General of India at such intervals as may be specified by
him and any expenditure incurred in connection with such audit shall be payable by
the State Commission to the Comptroller and Auditor- General of India.
(3) The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and any person
appointed by him in connection with the audit of the accounts of the State
Commission under this Act shall have the same rights and privileges and authority
in connection with such audit as the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
generally has in connection with the audit of Government accounts and, in
particular, shall have the right to demand the production of books, accounts,
connected vouchers and other documents and papers and to inspect any of the
offices of the State Commission.
(4) The accounts of the State Commission, as certified by the
Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or any other person appointed by him in
this behalf, together with the audit report thereon shall be forwarded annually to the
State Government and that Government shall cause the same to be laid , as soon as
may be after it is received, before the State Legislature.
105. (1) The State Commission shall prepare once every year in such form
and at such time as may be prescribed, an annual report giving a summary of its
activities during the previous year and copies of the report shall be forwarded to the
State Government.
(2) A copy of the report received under sub-section ( 1 ) shall be laid,
as soon as may be after it is received, before the State Legislature.
106. The Appropriate Commission shall prepare, in such form and at such time
in each financial year as may be prescribed, its budget for the next financial year,
showing the estimated receipts and expenditure of that Commission and forward
the same to the Appropriate Government.
Directions by
Central
Government.
107. (1) In the discharge of its functions, the Central Commission shall be
guided by such directions in matters of policy involving public interest as the
Central Government may give to it in writing.
(2) If any question arises as to whether any such direction relates to a
matter of policy involving public interest, the decision of the Central Government
thereon shall be final.
Directions by
State Government.
108. (1) In the discharge of its functions, the State Commission shall be
guided by such directions in matters of policy involving public interest as the State
Government may give to it in writing.
(2) If any question arises as to whether any such direction relates to
a matter of policy involving public interest, the decision of the State Government
thereon shall be final.
Directions to Joint
Commission.
109. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, where any Joint
Commission is established under section 83 –
(a) the Government of the State, for which the Joint Commission is
53
established, shall be competent to give any direction under this Act only in
cases where such direction relates to matter within the exclusive territorial
jurisdiction of the State;
(b) the Central Government alone shall be competent to give any
direction under this Act where such direction relates to a matter within the
territorial jurisdiction of two or more States or pertaining to a Union territory if
the participating Governments fail to reach an agreement or the participating
States or majority of them request the Central Government to issue such
directions.
CHAPTER XI
APPELLATE TRIBUNAL FOR ELECTRICITY
Establishment of
Appellate
Tribunal.
110. The Central Government shall, by notification, establish an Appellate
Tribunal to be known as the Appellate Tribunal for Electricity to hear appeals
against the orders of the adjudicating officer or the Appropriate Commission under
this Act.
Appeal to
Appellate
Tribunal.
111. (1) Any person aggrieved by an order made by an adjudicating
officer under this Act (except under section 127) or an order made by the
Appropriate Commission under this Act may prefer an appeal to the Appellate
Tribunal for Electricity:
Provided that any person appealing against the order of the adjudicating
officer levying and penalty shall, while filling the appeal , deposit the amount of
such penalty:
Provided further that where in any particular case, the Appellate Tribunal
is of the opinion that the deposit of such penalty would cause undue hardship to
such person, it may dispense with such deposit subject to such conditions as it may
deem fit to impose so as to safeguard the realisation of penalty.
(2) Every appeal under sub-section (1) shall be filed within a period
of forty-five days from the date on which a copy of the order made by the
adjudicating officer or the Appropriate Commission is received by the aggrieved
person and it shall be in such form, verified in such manner and be accompanied by
such fee as may be prescribed:
Provided that the Appellate Tribunal may entertain an appeal after the
expiry of the said period of forty-five days if it is satisfied that there was sufficient
cause for not filing it within that period.
(3) On receipt of an appeal under sub-section (1), the Appellate
Tribunal may, after giving the parties to the appeal an opportunity of being heard,
pass such orders thereon as it thinks fit, confirming, modifying or setting aside the
order appealed against.
(4) The Appellate Tribunal shall send a copy of every order made by
it to the parties to the appeal and to the concerned adjudicating officer or the
Appropriate Commission, as the case may be.
(5) The appeal filed before the Appellate Tribunal under sub-section
(1) shall be dealt with by it as expeditiously as possible and endeavour shall be
made by it to dispose of the appeal finally within one hundred and eighty days from
the date of receipt of the appeal:
Provided that where any appeal could not be disposed off within the said
period of one hundred and eighty days, the Appellate Tribunal shall record its
reasons in writing for not disposing of the appeal within the said period.
(6) The Appellate Tribunal may, for the purpose of examining the
legality, propriety or correctness of any order made by the adjudicating officer or
54
legality, propriety or correctness of any order made by the adjudicating officer or
the Appropriate Commission under this Act, as the case may be, in relation to any
proceeding, on its own motion or otherwise, call for the records of such
proceedings and make such order in the case as it thinks fit.
Composition of
Appellate
Tribunal.
112. (1) The Appellate Tribunal shall consist of a Chairperson and three other
Members.
(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act,-
(a) the jurisdiction of the Appellate Tribunal may be exercised by
Benches thereof;
(b) a Bench may be constituted by the Chairperson of the Appellate
Tribunal with two or more Members of the Appellate Tribunal as the Chairperson
of the Appellate Tribunal may deem fit:
Provided that every Bench constituted under this clause shall include at
least one Judicial Member and one Technical Member;
(c) the Benches of the Appellate Tribunal shall ordinarily sit at
Delhi and such other places as the Central Government may, in consultation with
the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal, notify;
(d) the Central Government shall notify the areas in relation to which
each Bench of the Appellate Tribunal may exercise jurisdiction.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2), the
Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal may transfer a Member of the Appellate
Tribunal from one Bench to another Bench.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this Chapter,-
(i) “ Judicial Member” means a Member of the Appellate Tribunal
appointed as such under sub-clause (i) of caluse (b) of sub-section (1) of section
113, and includes the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal;
(ii) “ Technical Member” means a Member of the Appellate Tribunal
appointed as such under sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iii) of clause (b) of subsection
(1) of section 113.
Qualifications for
appointment of
Chairperson and
Member of the
Appellate
Tribunal.
113. (1) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the
Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal or a Member of the Appellate Tribunal
unless he-
(a) in the case of the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal, is, or has
been, a judge of the Supreme Court or the Chief Justice of a High Court; and
(b) in the case of a Member of the Appellate Tribunal,-
(i) is, or has been, or is qualified to be, a Judge of a High Court;
or
(ii) is, or has been, a Secretary for at least one year in the
Ministry or Department of the Central Government dealing
with economic affairs or matters or infrastructure; or
(iii) is, or has been, a person of ability and standing, having
adequate knowledge or experience in dealing with the
55
matters relating to electricity generation, transmission and
distribution and regulation or economics, commerce, law or
management.
(2) The Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed by
the Central Government after consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
(3) The Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed by
the Central Government on the recommendation of the Selection Committee
referred to in section 78.
(4) Before appointing any person for appointment as Chairperson or
other Member of the Appellate Tribunal, the Central Government shall satisfy itself
that such person does not have any financial or other interest which is likely to
affect prejudicially his functions as such Chairperson or Member.
Term of office. 114. The Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal or a Member of the Appellate
Tribunal shall hold office as such for a term of three years from the date on which
he enters upon his office:
Provided that such Chairperson or other Member shall be eligible for
reappointment for a second term of three years:
Provided further that no Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal or
Member of the Appellate Tribunal shall hold office as such after he has attained,-
(a) in the case of the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal , the age
of seventy years;
(b) in the case of a Member of the Appellate Tribunal, the age of
sixty-five years.
Terms and
conditions of
service.
115. The salary and allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditions
of service of, the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal and Members of the
Appellate Tribunal shall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government :
Provided that neither the salary and allowances nor the other terms and
conditions of service of the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal or a Member of
the Appellate Tribunal shall be varied to his disadvantage after appointment.
Vacancies. 116. If, for reason other than temporary absence, any vacancy occurs in the
office of the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal or a Member of the Appellate
Tribunal, the Central Government shall appoint another person in accordance with
the provisions of this Act to fill the vacancy and the proceedings may be continued
before the Appellate Tribunal from the stage at which the vacancy is filled.
Resignation and
removal
117. (1) The Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal or a Member of the
Appellate Tribunal may, by notice in writing under his hand addressed to the
Central Government, resign his office:
Provided that the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal or a Member of
the Appellate Tribunal shall, unless he is permitted by the Central Government to
relinquish his office sooner, continue to hold office until the expiry of three months
from the date of receipt of such notice or until a person duly appointed as his
successor enters upon his office or until the expiry of term of office, whichever is
the earliest.
(2) The Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal or a Member of the
Appellate Tribunal shall not be removed from his office except by an order by
the Central Government on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity
after an inquiry made by a judge of the Supreme Court as the Central
56
Government may appoint for this purpose in which the Chairperson or a
Member of the Appellate Tribunal concerned has been informed of the charges
against him and given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of
such charges.
Member to act as
Chairperson in
certain circumstances.
118. (1) In the event of the occurrence of any vacancy in the office of the
Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal by reason of his death, resignation or
otherwise, the senior-most Member of the Appellate Tribunal shall act as the
Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal until the date on which a new Chairperson,
appointed in accordance with the provisions of this Act to fill such vacancy, enters
upon his office.
(2) When the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal is unable to
discharge his functions owing to absence, illness or any other cause, the seniormost
Member of the Appellate Tribunal shall discharge the functions of the
Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal until the date on which the Chairperson of
the Appellate Tribunal resumes his duties.
Officers and other
employees of
Appellate
Tribunal..
119. (1) The Central Government shall provide the Appellate Tribunal
with such officers and other employees as it may deem fit.
(2) The officers and other employees of the Appellate Tribunal shall
discharge their functions under the general superintendence of the Chairperson of
the Appellate Tribunal.
(3) The salaries and allowances and other terms and conditions of
service of the officers and other employees of the Appellate Tribunal shall be such
as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
Procedure and
powers of
Appellate
Tribunal.
120. (1) The Appellate Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure laid
down by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by the principles of
natural justice and, subject to the other provisions of this Act, the Appellate
Tribunal shall have powers to regulate its own procedure.
5 of 1908
(2) The Appellate Tribunal shall have, for the purposes of
discharging its functions under this Act, the same powers as are vested in a civil
court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, while trying a suit, in respect of the
following matters, namely:-
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining
him on oath;
(b) requiring the discovery and production of documents;
(c) receiving evidence on affidavits;
(d) subject to the provisions of sections 123 and 124 of the Indian Evidence
Act, 1872, requisitioning any public record or document or copy of such
record or document from any office;
(e) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents;
(f) reviewing its decisions;
(g) dismissing a representation of default or deciding it ex parte;
(h) setting aside any order of dismissal or any representation for default or
any order passed by it ex parte;
(i) any other matter which may be prescribed by the Central Government.
5 of 1908
1 of 1872
45 of 1860.
(3) An order made by the Appellate Tribunal under this Act shall be
executable by the Appellate Tribunal as a decree of civil court and, for this
purpose, the Appellate Tribunal shall have all the powers of a civil court.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3), the
Appellate Tribunal may transmit any order made by it to a civil court having
local jurisdiction and such civil court shall execute the order as if it were a
decree made by that court.
(5) All proceedings before the Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to
be judicial proceedings within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian
57
2 of 1974.
Penal Code and the Appellate Tribunal shall be deemed to be a civil court for the
purposes of section 345 and 346 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 .
Power of
Chairperson of
Appellate
Tribunal
Distribution of
business amongst
Benches and
transfer of cases
from one Bench to
another Bench.
121. The Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal shall exercise general power
of super-intendance and control over the Appropriate Commission.
122. (1) Where Benches are constituted, the Chairperson of the Appellate
Tribunal may, from time to time, by notification, make provisions as to the
distribution of the business of the Appellate Tribunal amongst the Benches and also
provide for the matters which may be dealt with by each Bench.
(2) On the application of any of the parties and after notice to the
parties, and after hearing such of them as he may desire to be heard, or on his own
motion without such notice, the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal may
transfer any case pending before one Bench, for disposal, to any other Bench.
Decision to be
by majority.
123. If the Members of the Appellate Tribunal of a Bench consisting of two
Members differ in opinion on any point, they shall state the point or points on
which they differ, and make a reference to the Chairperson of the Appellate
Tribunal who shall either hear the point or points himself or refer the case for
hearing on such point or points by one or more of the other Members of the
Appellate Tribunal and such point or points shall be decided according to the
opinion of the majority of the Members of the Appellate Tribunal who have heard
the case, including those who first heard it.
Right of
appellant to
take assistance
of legal
practitioner
and of
Appropriate
Commission
to appoint
presenting
officers.
124. (1) A person preferring an appeal to the Appellate Tribunal under
this Act may either appear in person or take the assistance of a legal practitioner of
his choice to present his case before the Appellate Tribunal, as the case may be.
(2) The Appropriate Commission may authorise one or more legal
practitioners or any of its officers to act as presenting officers and every person so
authorised may present the case with respect to any appeal before the Appellate
Tribunal, as the case may be.
Appeal to
Supreme
Court.
125. Any person aggrieved by any decision or order of the Appellate Tribunal,
may, file an appeal to the Supreme Court within sixty days from the date of
communication of the decision or order of the Appellate Tribunal, to him, on any
one or more of the grounds specified in section 100 of the Code of Civil
Procedure,1908:
Provided that the Supreme Court may, if it is satisfied that the appellant
was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal within the said period,
allow it to be filed within a further period not exceeding sixty days.
5 of 1908
Assessment.
PART – XII
INVESTIGATION AND ENFORCEMENT
126 (1) If on an inspection of any place or premises or after inspection
of the equipments, gadgets, machines, devices found connected or used, or after
inspection of records maintained by any person, the assessing officer comes to the
conclusion that such person is indulging in unauthorized use of electricity, he shall
provisionally assess to the best of his judgement the electricity charges payable by
such person or by any other person benefited by such use.
(2) The order of provisional assessment shall be served upon the
58
person in occupation or possession or in charge of the place or premises in such
manner as may be prescribed.
(3) The person, on whom a notice has been served under subsection
(2) shall be entitled to file objections, if any, against the provisional
assessment before the assessing officer, who may, after affording a reasonable
opportunity of hearing to such person, pass a final order of assessment of the
electricity charges payable by such person.
(4) Any person served with the order of provisional assessment,
may, accept such assessment and deposit the assessed amount with the licensee
within seven days of service of such provisional assessment order upon him:
Provided that in case the person deposits the assessed amount he shall not
be subjected to any further liability or any action by any authority whatsoever.
(5) If the assessing officer reaches to the conclusion that
unauthorised use of electricity has taken place, it shall be presumed that such
unauthorized use of electricity was continuing for a period of three months
immediately preceding the date of inspection in case of domestic and agricultural
services and for a period of six months immediately preceding the date of
inspection for all other categories of services, unless the onus is rebutted by the
person, occupier or possessor of such premises or place.
(6) The assessment under this section shall be made at a rate equal to
one-and-half times the tariff rates applicable for the relevant category of services
specified in sub-section (5).
Explanation.- For the purposes of this section,-
(a) “ assessing officer” means an officer of a State Government or Board or
licensee, as the case may be, designated as such by the State Government
;
(b) “ unauthorised use of electricity” means the usage of electricity –
(i) by any artificial means; or
(ii) by a means not authorised by the concerned person or
authority or licensee; or
(iii) through a tampered meter; or
(iv) for the purpose other than for which the usage of electricity
was authorised.
Appeal to
Appellate
Authority.
127. (1) Any person aggrieved by a final order made under section 126 may,
within thirty days of the said order, prefer an appeal in such form, verified in such
manner and be accompanied by such fee as may be specified by the State
Commission, to an appellate authority as may be prescribed.
(2) No appeal against an order of assessment under sub-section (1)
shall be entertained unless an amount equal to one third of the assessed amount is
deposited in cash or by way of bank draft with the licensee and documentary
evidence of such deposit has been enclosed along with the appeal.
(3) The appellate authority referred to in sub-section (1) shall
dispose of the appeal after hearing the parties and pass appropriate order and send
copy of the order to the assessing officer and the appellant.
(4) The order of the appellate authority referred to in sub-section (1)
passed under sub-section (3) shall be final.
(5) No appeal shall lie to the appellate authority referred to in subsection
(1) against the final order made with the consent of the parties.
59
(6) When a person default in making payment of assessed amount,
he, in addition to the assessed amount shall be liable to pay, on the expiry of thirty
days from the date of order of assessment, an amount of interest at the rate of
sixteen per cent per annum compounded every six months.
Investigation of
certain matters
128. (1) The Appropriate Commission may, on being satisfied that a
licensee has failed to comply with any of the conditions of licence or a generating
company or a licensee has failed to comply with any of the provisions of this
Act or rules or regulations made thereunder, at any time, by order in writing,
direct any person (hereafter in this section referred to as “ Investigating
Authority” ) specified in the order to investigate the affairs of any generating
company or licensee and to report to that Commission on any investigation
made by such Investigating Authority:
Provided that the Investigating Authority may, wherever necessary,
employ any auditor or any other person for the purpose of assisting him in any
investigation under this section.
(2) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in section
235 of the Companies Act, 1956, the Investigating Authority may, at any time,
and shall, on being directed so to do by the Appropriate Commission, cause an
inspection to be made, by one or more of his officers, of any licensee or generating
company and his books of account; and the Investigating Authority shall supply to
the licensee or generating company, as the case may be, a copy of his report on
such inspection.
(3) It shall be the duty of every manager, managing director or other
officer of the licensee or generating company, as the case may be, to produce
before the Investigating Authority directed to make the investigation under subsection
(1), or inspection under sub-section (2), all such books of account, registers
and other documents in his custody or power and to furnish him with any statement
and information relating to the affairs of the licensee or generating company, as
the case may be, as the said Investigating Authority may require of him within
such time as the said Investigating Authority may specify.
(4) Any Investigating Authority, directed to make an investigation
under sub-section (1), or inspection under sub-section (2), may examine on oath
any manager, managing director or other officer of the licensee or generating
company, as the case may be, in relation to his business and may administer
oaths accordingly.
(5) The Investigating Authority, shall, if it has been directed by the
Appropriate Commission to cause an inspection to be made, and may, in any other
case, report to the Appropriate Commission on any inspection made under this
section.
(6) On receipt of any report under sub-section (1) or sub-section (5),
the Appropriate Commission may, after giving such opportunity to the licensee or
generating company, as the case may be, to make a representation in connection
with the report as in the opinion of the Appropriate Commission, seems
reasonable, by order in writing—
(a) require the licensee or the generating company to take such
action in respect of any matter arising out of the report as the Appropriate
Commission may think fit; or
(b) cancel the licenece; or
(c) direct the generating company to cease to carry on the
business of generation of electricity.
60
Orders for
securing
compliance
Procedure for
issuing
directions by
Appropriate
Commission.
(7) The Appropriate Commission may, after giving reasonable
notice to the licensee or the generating company, as the case may be, publish the
report submitted by the Investigating Authority under sub-section (5) or such
portion thereof as may appear to it to be necessary.
(8) The Appropriate Commission may specify the minimum
information to be maintained by the licensee or the generating company in their
books, the manner in which such information shall be maintained, the checks and
other verifications to be adopted by licensee or the generating company in that
connection and all other matters incidental thereto as are, in its opinion, necessary
to enable the Investigating Authority to discharge satisfactorily its functions under
this section.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this section, the expression “ licensee or the
generating company” shall include in the case of a licensee incorporated in
India—
(a) all its subsidiaries formed for the purpose of carrying on the
business of generation or transmission or distribution or trading of electricity
exclusively outside India; and
(b) all its branches whether situated in India or outside India.
(9) All expenses of, and incidental to, any investigation made under
this section shall be defrayed by the licensee or generating company, as the case
may be, and shall have priority over that debts due from the licensee or the
generating company and shall be recoverable as an arrear of land revenue.
129 (1) Where the Appropriate Commission, on the basis of material in
its possession, is satisfied that a licensee is contravening, or is likely to
contravene, any of the conditions mentioned in his licence or conditions for grant
of exemption or the licensee or the generating company has contravened or is
likely to contravene any of the provisions of this Act, it shall, by an order, give
such directions as may be necessary for the purpose of securing compliance with
that condition or provision.
(2) While giving direction under sub-section (1), the Appropriate
Commission shall have due regard to the extent to which any person is likely to
sustain loss or damage due to such contravention.
130. The Appropriate Commission, before issuing any direction under section
129, shall–
(a) serve notice in the manner as may be specified to the concerned
licensee or generating company;
(b) publish the notice in the manner as may be specified for the
purpose of bringing the matters to the attention of persons, likely to be
affected,or affected;
(c) Consider suggestions and objections from the concerned licensee
or generating company and the persons, likely to be affected, or affected.
61
Vesting of
property of Board
in State
Government.
PART – XIII
REORGANISATION OF BOARD
131. (1) With effect from the date on which a transfer scheme, prepared
by the State Government to give effect to the objects and purposes of this Act, is
published or such further date as may be stipulated by the State Government
(hereafter in this Part referred to as the effective date), any property, interest in
property, rights and liabilities which immediately before the effective date
belonged to the State Electricity Board (hereafter referred to as the Board) shall
vest in the State Government on such terms as may be agreed between the State
Government and the Board.
(2) Any property, interest in property, rights and liabilities vested in
the State Government under sub-section (1) shall be re-vested by the State
Government in a Government company or in a company or companies, in
accordance with the transfer scheme so published along with such other property,
interest in property, rights and liabilities of the State Government as may be
stipulated in such scheme, on such terms and conditions as may be agreed between
the State Government and such company or companies being State Transmission
Utility or generating company or transmission licensee or distribution licensee, as
the case may be :
Provided that the transfer value of any assets transferred hereunder shall
be determined, as far as may be, based on the revenue potential of such assets at
such terms and conditions as may be agreed between the State Government and the
State Transmission Utility or generating company or transmission licensee or
distribution licensee, as the case may be.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, where,-
(a) the transfer scheme involves the transfer of any property or
rights to any person or undertaking not wholly owned by the State
Government, the scheme shall give effect to the transfer only for fair value
to be paid by the transferee to the State Government;
(b) a transaction of any description is effected in pursuance of a
transfer scheme, it shall be binding on all persons including third parties and
even if such persons or third parties have not consented to it.
(4) The State Government may, after consulting the Government
company or company or companies being State Transmission Utility or
generating company or transmission licensee or distribution licensee, referred
to in sub-section (2) (hereinafter referred to as the transferor), require such
transferor to draw up a transfer scheme to vest in a transferee being any other
generating company or transmission licensee or distribution licensee, the
property, interest in property, rights and liabilities which have been vested in the
transferor under this section, and publish such scheme as statutory transfer
scheme under this Act.
(5) A transfer scheme under this section may-
(a) provide for the formation of subsidiaries, joint venture
companies or other schemes of division, amalgamation, merger, reconstruction
or arrangements which shall promote the profitability and viability of the
resulting entity, ensure economic efficiency, encourage competition and protect
consumer interests;
(b) define the property, interest in property, rights and liabilities to
be allocated –
62
(i) by specifying or describing the property, rights and liabilities
in question; or
(ii) by referring to all the property, interest in property, rights and
liabilities comprised in a described part of the transferor’s undertaking; or
(iii) partly in one way and partly in the other;
(c) provide that any rights or liabilities stipulated or described in
the scheme shall be enforceable by or against the transferor or the transferee;
(d) impose on the transferor an obligation to enter into such
written agreements with or execute such other instruments in favour of any
other subsequent transferee as may be stipulated in the scheme;
(e) mention the functions and duties of the transferee;
(f) make such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions
as the transferor considers appropriate including provision stipulating the
order as taking effect; and
(g) provide that the transfer shall be provisional for a stipulated
period.
(6) All debts and obligations incurred, all contracts entered into and
all matters and things engaged to be done by the Board, with the Board or for the
Board, or the State Transmission Utility or generating company or transmission
licensee or distribution licensee, before a transfer scheme becomes effective shall,
to the extent specified in the relevant transfer scheme, be deemed to have been
incurred, entered into or done by the Board, with the Board or for the State
Government or the transferee and all suits or other legal proceedings instituted by
or against the Board or transferor, as the case may be, may be continued or
instituted by or against the State Government or concerned transferee, as the case
may be.
(7) The Board shall cease to be charged with and shall not perform
the functions and duties with regard to transfers made on and after the effective
date.
Explanation.- For the purpose of this Part, –
(a) “Government company” means a Government Company formed and
registered under the Companies Act, 1956.
(b) “company” means a company to be formed and registered under the
Companies Act, 1956 to undertake generation or transmission or
distribution in accordance with the scheme under this Part.
1 of 1956
1 of 1956
Use of proceeds
of sale or transfer
of the Board etc.
132. In the event that a Board or any utility owned or controlled by the
Appropriate Government is sold or transferred in any manner to a person who is
not owned or controlled by the Appropriate Government, the proceeds from such
sale or transfer shall be utilised in priority to all other dues in the following order,
namely :-
(a) dues (including retirement benefits due) to the officers and employees
of such Board or utility, who have been affected by the aforesaid sale or
transfer;
(b) payment of debt or other liabilities of the transferor as may be
63
required by the existing loan covenants.
Provisions relating
to officers and
employees.
133. (1) The State Government may, by a transfer scheme, provide for the
transfer of the officers and employees to the transferee on the vesting of properties,
rights and liabilities in such transferee as provided under section 131.
(2) Upon such transfer under the transfer scheme, the personnel shall
hold office or service under the transferee on such terms and conditions as may be
determined in accordance with the transfer scheme:
Provided that such terms and conditions on the transfer shall not in any
way be less favourable than those which would have been applicable to them if
there had been no such transfer under the transfer scheme:
Provided further that the transfer can be provisional for a stipulated
period.
Explanation: – For the purposes of this section and the transfer scheme, the
expression “officers and employees” shall mean all officers and employees who
on the date specified in the scheme are the officers and employees of the Board
or transferor, as the case may be.
Payment of
compensation or
damages on
transfer.
134. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
or any other law for the time being in force and except for the provisions made in
this Act, the transfer of the employment of the officers and employees referred to
in sub-section (1) of section 133 shall not entitle such officers and employees to
any compensation or damages under this Act, or any other Central or State law,
save as provided in the transfer scheme.
14 of 1947
Theft of
Electricity.
PART – XIV
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
135. (1) Whoever, dishonestly, —
(a) taps, makes or causes to be made any connection with overhead,
underground or under water lines or cables, or service wires, or service
facilities of a licensee; or
(b) tampers a meter, installs or uses a tampered meter, current reversing
transformer, loop connection or any other device or method which interferes
with accurate or proper registration, calibration or metering of electric current
or otherwise results in a manner whereby electricity is stolen or wasted; or
(c)damages or destroys an electric meter, apparatus, equipment, or wire or
causes or allows any of them to be so damaged or destroyed as to interfere
with the proper or accurate metering of electricity,
so as to abstract or consume or use electricity shall be punishable with
imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine or with both:
Provided that in a case where the load abstracted, consumed, or used or
attempted abstraction or attempted consumption or attempted use –
(i) does not exceed 10 kilowatt, the fine imposed on first conviction shall not
be less than three times the financial gain on account of such theft of
electricity and in the event of second or subsequent conviction the fine
imposed shall not be less than six times the financial gain on account of such
theft of electricity;
64
2 of 1974
(ii) exceeds 10 kilowatt, the fine imposed on first conviction shall not be less
than three times the financial gain on account of such theft of electricity and
in the event of second or subsequent conviction, the sentence shall be
imprisonment for a term not less than six months but which may extend to
five years and with fine not less than six times the financial gain on account
of such theft of electricity:
Provided further that if it is proved that any artificial means or means not
authorized by the Board or licensee exist for the abstraction, consumption or use of
electricity by the consumer, it shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, that
any abstraction, consumption or use of electricity has been dishonestly caused by
such consumer.
(2) Any officer authorized in this behalf by the State Government may –

(a) enter, inspect, break open and search any place or premises in
which he has reason to believe that electricity has been, is being, or is likely to be,
used unauthorisedly;
(b) search, seize and remove all such devices, instruments, wires and
any other facilitator or article which has been, is being, or is likely to be, used for
unauthorized use of electricity;
(c) examine or seize any books of account or documents which in
his opinion shall be useful for or relevant to, any proceedings in respect of the
offence under sub-section (1) and allow the person from whose custody such books
of account or documents are seized to make copies thereof or take extracts
therefrom in his presence.
(3) The occupant of the place of search or any person on his behalf
shall remain present during the search and a list of all things seized in the course
of such search shall be prepared and delivered to such occupant or person who
shall sign the list:
Provided that no inspection, search and seizure of any domestic places or
domestic premises shall be carried out between sunset and sunrise except in the
presence of an adult male member occupying such premises.
(4) The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, relating
to search and seizure shall apply, as far as may be, to searches and seizure under
this Act.
Theft of electric
lines and
materials.
136. (1) Whoever, dishonestly —
(a) cuts or removes or takes way or transfers any electric line, material
or meter from a tower, pole, any other installation or place of installation or
any other place, or site where it may be rightfully or lawfully stored, deposited,
kept, stocked, situated or located including during transportation, without the
consent of the licensee or the owner, as the case may be, whether or not the act
is done for profit or gain; or
(b) stores, possesses or otherwise keeps in his premises, custody or
control, any electric line, material or meter without the consent of the owner,
whether or not the act is committed for profit or gain; or
(c) loads, carries, or moves from one place to another any electric line,
material or meter without the consent of its owner, whether or not the act is
done for profit or gain,
65
Punishment for
receiving stolen
property
done for profit or gain,
is said to have committed an offence of theft of electric lines and materials, and
shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three
years or with fine or with both.
(2) If a person, having been convicted of an offence punishable
under sub-section (1) is again guilty of an offence punishable under that subsection,
he shall be punishable for the second or subsequent offence for a term of
imprisonment which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to five
years and shall also be liable to fine which shall not be less than ten thousand
rupees.
137. Whoever, dishonestly receives any stolen electric lines or materials
knowing or having reasons to believe the same to be stolen property, shall be
punishable with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to
three years or with fine or with both.
Interference with
meters or works of
licensee.
138. (1) Whoever, –
(a) unauthorisedly connects any meter, indicator or apparatus with any
electric line through which electricity is supplied by a licensee or disconnects the
same from any such electric line; or
(b) unauthorisedly reconnects any meter, indicator or apparatus with any
electric line or other works being the property of a licensee when the said electric
line or other works has or have been cut or disconnected; or
(c) lays or causes to be laid, or connects up any works for the purpose of
communicating with any other works belonging to a licensee; or
(d) maliciously injures any meter, indicator, or apparatus belonging to a
licensee or willfully or fraudulently alters the index of any such meter, indicator
or apparatus or prevents any such meter, indicator or apparatus from duly
registering,
shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years,
or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees, or with both, and , in the
case of a continuing offence, with a daily fine which may extend to five hundred
rupees; and if it is proved that any means exist for making such connection as is
referred to in clause (a) or such re-connection as is referred to in clause (b), or such
communication as is referred to in clause (c), for causing such alteration or
prevention as is referred to in clause (d), and that the meter, indicator or apparatus
is under the custody or control of the consumer, whether it is his property or not, it
shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, that such connection, reconnection,
communication, alteration, prevention or improper use, as the case may be, has
been knowingly and willfully caused by such consumer.
Negligently
wasting electricity
or injuring works.
139. Whoever, negligently causes electricity to be wasted or diverted or
negligently breaks, injures, throws down or damages any material connected with
the supply of electricity, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to ten
thousand rupees.
Penalty for
maliciously
wasting electricity
or injuring works.
140. Whoever, maliciously causes electricity to be wasted or diverted, or , with
intent to cut off the supply of electricity, cuts or injures, or attempts to cut or
injure, any electric supply line or works, shall be punishable with fine which may
extend to ten thousand rupees.
66
extend to ten thousand rupees.
Extinguishing
public lamps.
141. Whoever, maliciously extinguishes any public lamp shall be punishable
with fine which may be extend to two thousand rupees.
Punishment for
non-compliance of
directions by
Appropriate
Commission.
Power to
adjudicate.
Factors to be
taken into account
by adjudicating
officer.
Civil court not to
have jurisdiction
Punishment for
non-compliance
of orders or
directions.
142. In case any complaint is filed before the Appropriate Commission by any
person or if that Commission is satisfied that any person has contravened any
provisions of this Act or rules or regulations made thereunder, or any direction
issued by the Commission, the Appropriate Commission may after giving such
person an opportunity of being heard in the matter, by order in writing, direct that,
without prejudice to any other penalty to which he may be liable under this Act,
such person shall pay, by way of penalty, which shall not exceed one lakh rupees
for each contravention and in case of a continuing failure with an additional
penalty which may extend to six thousand rupees for every day during which the
failure continues after contravention of the first such direction.
143 (1) For the purpose of adjudging under this Act, the Appropriate
Commission shall appoint any of its Members to be an adjudicating officer for
holding an inquiry in such manner as may be prescribed by the Appropriate
Government ,after giving any person concerned a reasonable opportunity of
being heard for the purpose of imposing any penalty.
(2) While holding an inquiry, the adjudicating officer shall have
power to summon and enforce the attendance of any person acquainted with the
facts and circumstances of the case to give evidence or produce any document
which in the opinion of the adjudicating officer, may be useful for or relevant to
the subject-matter of the inquiry, and if, on such inquiry, he is satisfied that the
person has failed to comply with the provisions of section 29 or section 33 or
section 43, he may impose such penalty as he thinks fit in accordance with the
provisions of any of those sections.
144. While adjudicating the quantum of penalty under section 29 or section 33
or section 43, the adjudicating officer shall have due regard to the following
factors, namely:-
(a) the amount of disproportionate gain or unfair advantage, wherever
quantifiable, made as a result of the default;
(b) the repetitive nature of the default.
145. No civil court shall have jurisdiction to entertain any suit or proceeding in
respect of any matter which an assessing officer referred to in section 126 or an
appellate authority referred to in section 127 or the adjudicating officer appointed
under this Act is empowered by or under this Act to determine and no injunction
shall be granted by any court or other authority in respect of any action taken or to
be taken in pursuance of any power conferred by or under this Act.
146. Whoever, fails to comply with any order or direction given under this Act,
within such time as may be specified in the said order or direction or contravenes
or attempts or abets the contravention of any of the provisions of this Act or any
rules or regulations made thereunder, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a
term which may extend to three months or with fine, which may extend to one
lakh rupees, or with both in respect of each offence and in the case of a continuing
failure, with an additional fine which may extend to five thousand rupees for every
day during which the failure continues after conviction of the first such offence.
Penalties not to
affect other
liabilities.
147. The penalties imposed under this Act shall be in addition to, and not in
derogation of, any liability in respect of payment of compensation or, in the case
of a licensee, the revocation of his licence which the offender may have incurred.
67
Penalty where
works belong to
Government.
148. The provisions of this Act shall, so far as they are applicable, be deemed
to apply also when the acts made punishable thereunder are committed in the case
of electricity supplied by or of works belonging to the Appropriate Government.
Offences by
companies.
149. (1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a
company, every person who at the time the offence was committed was in charge
of and was responsible to the company for the conduct of the business of the
company, as well as the company shall be deemed to be guilty of having
committed the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished
accordingly:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such
person liable to any punishment if he proves that the offence was committed
without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the
commission of such offence.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an
offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the
offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of or is attributable to
any neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the
company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to
be guilty of having committed such offence and shall be liable to be proceeded
against and punished accordingly.
Explanation. – For the purpose of this section,-
(a) “company” means a body corporate and includes a firm or other
association of individuals; and
(b) “director”, in relation to a firm, means a partner in the firm.
Abatement.
45 of 1860.
150. (1) Whoever abets an offence punishable under this Act, shall,
notwithstanding anything contained in the Indian Penal Code, be punished with
the punishment provided for the offence.
(2) Without prejudice to any penalty or fine which may be imposed
or prosecution proceeding which may be initiated under Act or any other law for
the time being in force, if any officer or other employee of the Board or the
licensee enters intro or acquiesces in any agreement to do, abstains from doing,
permits, conceals or connives at any act or thing whereby any theft of electricity
is committed, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may
extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.
Cognizance of
offences.
Compounding
of offences.
2 of 1974.
151. No court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under this Act
except upon a complaint in writing made by Appropriate Government or
Appropriate Commission or any of their officer authorized by them or a Chief
Electrical Inspector or an Electrical Inspector or licensee or the generating
company, as the case may be, for this purpose.
152. (1)Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure
1973, the Appropriate Government or any officer authorized by it in this behalf
may accept from any consumer or person who committed or who is reasonably
suspected of having committed an offence of theft of electricity punishable under
this Act, a sum of money by way of compounding of the offence as specified in the
Table below:
68
TABLE
———————————————————————————————–
Nature of Service Rate at which the sum of money for
Compounding to be collected per
Kilowatt(KW)/Horse Power(HP) or part
thereof for Low Tension (LT) supply and
per Kilo Volt Ampere(KVA) of contracted
demand for High Tension (HT)
———————————————————————————————–
(1) (2)
———————————————————————————————–
1. Industrial Service twenty thousand rupees;
2. Commercial Service ten thousand rupees;
3. Agricultural Service two thousand rupees;
4. Other Services four thousand rupees:
———————————————————————————————
Provided that the Appropriate Government may, by notification in the
Official Gazette, amend the rates specified in the Table above.
(2) On payment of the sum of money in accordance with sub-section
(1), any person in custody in connection with that offence shall be set at liberty and
no proceedings shall be instituted or continued against such consumer or person in
any criminal court.
(3) The acceptance of the sum of money for compounding an
offence in accordance with sub-section (1) by the Appropriate Government or an
officer authorised in this behalf empowered in this behalf shall be deemed to
amount to an acquittal within the meaning of section 300 of the Code of Criminal
Procedure, 1973.
(4)The Compounding of an offence under sub-section (1) shall be
allowed only once for any person or consumer.
PART – XV
SPECIAL COURTS
Constitution of
Special Courts.
153. (1) The State Government may, for the purposes of providing speedy trial of
offences referred to in sections 135 to 139, by notification in the Official Gazette,
constitute as many Special Courts as may be necessary for such area or areas, as
may be specified in the notification.
(2) A Special Court shall consist of a single Judge who shall be appointed by
the State Government with the concurrence of the High Court.
(3) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a Special
Court unless he was, immediately before such appointment, an Additional District
and Sessions Judge.
(4)Where the office of the Judge of a Special Court is vacant, or such Judge is
absent from the ordinary place of sitting of such Special Court, or he is
incapacitated by illness or otherwise for the performance of his duties, any urgent
business in the Special Court shall be disposed of –
(a) by a Judge, if any, exercising jurisdiction in the Special Court;
(b) where there is no such other Judge available, in accordance with the
direction of District and Sessions Judge having jurisdiction over the ordinary place
of sitting of Special Court, as notified under sub- section(1).
69
Procedure and
power of
Special Court.
154. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure,
1973, every offence punishable under sections 135 to 139 shall be triable only by
the Special Court within whose jurisdiction such offence has been committed.
(2) Where it appears to any court in the course of any inquiry or trial that an
offence punishable under sections 135 to 139 in respect of any offence that the
case is one which is triable by a Special Court constituted under this Act for the
area in which such case has arisen, it shall transfer such case to such Special Court,
and thereupon such case shall be tried and disposed of by such Special Court in
accordance with the provisions of this Act :
Provided that it shall be lawful for such Special Court to act on the
evidence, if any, recorded by any court in the case of presence of the accused
before the transfer of the case to any Special Court :
Provided further that if such Special Court is of opinion that further
examination, cross-examination and re-examination of any of the witnesses whose
evidence has already been recorded, is required in the interest of justice, it may resummon
any such witness and after such further examination, cross-examination or
re-examination, if any, as it may permit, the witness shall be discharged.
(3) The Special Court may, notwithstanding anything contained in subsection
(1) of section 260 or section 262 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973,
try the offence referred to in sections 135 to 139 in a summary way in accordance
with the procedure prescribed in the said Code and the provisions of sections 263
to 265 of the said Code shall, so far as may be, apply to such trial :
Provided that where in the course of a summary trial under this subsection,
it appears to the Special Court that the nature of the case is such that it is
undesirable to try such case in summary way, the Special Court shall recall any
witness who may have been examined and proceed to re-hear the case in the
manner provided by the provisions of the said Code for the trial of such offence:
Provided further that in the case of any conviction in a summary trial
under this section, it shall be lawful for a Special Court to pass a sentence of
imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.
(4) A Special Court may, with a view to obtaining the evidence of any
person supposed to have been directly or indirectly concerned in or privy to, any
offence tender pardon to such person on condition of his making a full and true
disclosure of the circumstances within his knowledge relating to the offence and to
every other person concerned whether as principal or abettor in the commission
thereof, and any pardon so tendered shall , for the purposes of section 308 of the
Code of Criminal Procedure,1973, be deemed to have been tendered under section
307 thereof.
(5) The Special Court may determine the civil liability against a consumer or a
person in terms of money for theft of energy which shall not be less than an
amount equivalent to two times of the tariff rate applicable for a period of twelve
months preceding the date of detection of theft of energy or the exact period of
theft if determined which ever is less and the amount of civil liability so
determined shall be recovered as if it were a decree of civil court.
(6) In case the civil liability so determined finally by the Special Court is less
than the amount deposited by the consumer or the person, the excess amount so
deposited by the consumer or the person, to the Board or licensee or the concerned
person, as the case may be, shall be refunded by the Board or licensee or the
concerned person, as the case may be, within a fortnight from the date of
communication of the order of the Special Court together with interest at the
prevailing Reserve Bank of India prime lending rate for the period from the date of
such deposit till the date of payment.
2 of 1974
70
Explanation. – For the purposes of this section, “ civil liability” means loss or
damage incurred by the Board or licensee or the concerned person, as the case may
be, due to the commission of an offence referred to in sections 135 to 139.
2 of 1974. 155. Save as otherwise provided in this Act, the Code of Criminal Procedure,
1973, in so far as they are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, shall
apply to the proceedings before the Special Court and for the purpose of the
provisions of the said enactments, the Special Court shall be deemed to be a Court
of Session and shall have all powers of a Court of Session and the person
conducting a prosecution before the Special Court shall be deemed to be a Public
Prosecutor.
Special Court to
have powers of
court of session
2 of 1974.
156. The High Court may exercise, so far as may be applicable, all the powers
conferred by Chapters XXIX and XXX of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973,
as if the Special Court within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the High Court
is a District Court, or as the case may be , the Court of Session , trying cases within
the local limits of jurisdiction of the High Court.
Appeal and
revision.
157. The Special Court may , on a petition or otherwise and in order to prevent
miscarriage of justice, review its judgment or order passed under section 154, but
no such review petition shall be entertained except on the ground that it was such
order passed under a mistake of fact, ignorance of any material fact or any error
apparent on the face of the record :
Provided that the Special Court shall not allow any review petition and set
aside its previous order or judgment without hearing the parties affected.
Explanation.- For the purpose of this Part, “Special Courts” means the Special
Courts constituted under sub-section (1) of section 153.
Review.
Arbitration.
26 of 1996.
PART XVI
DISPUTE RESOLUTION
Arbitration
158. Where any matter is, by or under this Act, directed to be determined by
arbitration, the matter shall, unless it is otherwise expressly provided in the licence
of a licensee, be determined by such person or persons as the Appropriate
Commission may nominate in that behalf on the application of either party; but in
all other respects the arbitration shall be subject to the provisions of the Arbitration
and Conciliation Act, 1996.
Protection of
railways,
highways, airports
and canals, docks,
wharfs and piers.
PART XVII
OTHER PROVISION
Protective clauses
159. No person shall, in the generation, transmission, distribution, supply or
use of electricity, in any way injure any railway, highway, airports, tramway, canal
or water-way or any dock, wharf or pier vested in or controlled by a local
authority, or obstruct or interfere with the traffic on any railway, airway, tramway,
canal or water-way.
Protection of
telegraphic,
telephonic and
electric signalling
160. (1) Every person generating, transmitting, distributing, supplying or
using electricity (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “operator”) shall take
all reasonable precautions in constructing, laying down and placing his electric
lines, electrical plant and other works and in working his system, so as not
71
lines. lines, electrical plant and other works and in working his system, so as not
injuriously to affect, whether by induction or otherwise, the working of any wire or
line used for the purpose of telegraphic, telephone or electric signalling
communication, or the currents in such wire or line.
(2) Where any difference or dispute arises between the operator, and
the telegraph authority as to whether the operator has constructed, laid down or
placed his electric lines, electrical plant or other works, or worked his system, in
contravention of sub-section (1), or as to whether the working of any wire, line or
current is or is not injuriously affected thereby, the matter shall be referred to the
Central Government and the Central Government, unless it is of opinion that the
wire or line has been placed in unreasonable proximity to the electric lines,
electrical plant or works of the operator after the construction of such lines, plant
or works, may direct the operator to make such alterations in, or additions to, his
system as may be necessary in order to comply with the provisions of this section,
and the operator shall make such alterations or additions accordingly:
Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to the repair, renewal
or amendment of any electric line or electrical plant so long as the course of the
electric line or electrical plant and the amount and nature of the electricity
transmitted thereby are not altered.
(3) Where the operator makes default in complying with the
requirements of this section, he shall make full compensation for any loss or
damage incurred by reason thereof, and, where any difference or dispute arises as
to the amount of such compensation, the matter shall be determined by arbitration.
Explanation. – For the purposes of this section, a telegraph line shall be
deemed to be injuriously affected if telegraphic, telephonic or electric signalling
communication by means of such line is, whether through induction or otherwise,
prejudicially interfered with by an electric line , electrical plant or other work or by
any use made thereof.
Notice of
accidents and
inquiries.
161. (1) If any accident occurs in connection with the generation, transmission,
distribution, supply or use of electricity in or in connection with, any part of the
electric lines or electrical plant of any person and the accident results or is likely to
have resulted in loss of human or animal life or in any injury to a human being or
an animal, such person shall give notice of the occurrence and of any such loss or
injury actually caused by the accident, in such form and within such time as may
be prescribed, to the Electrical Inspector or such other person as aforesaid and to
such other authorities as the Appropriate Government may by general or special
order, direct.
(2) The Appropriate Government may, if it thinks fit, require any
Electrical Inspector, or any other person appointed by it in this behalf, to inquire
and report-
(a) as to the cause of any accident affecting the safety of the public,
which may have been occasioned by or in connection with, the generation,
transmission, distribution, supply or use of electricity, or
(b) as to the manner in, and extent to, which the provisions of this Act or
rules and regulations made thereunder or of any licence, so far as those
provisions affect the safety of any person, have been complied with.
(3) Every Electrical Inspector or other person holding an inquiry under
sub-section (2) shall have all the powers of a civil court under the Code of Civil
Procedure, 1908 for the purpose of enforcing the attendance of witnesses and
compelling the production of documents and material objects, and every person
required by an Electrical Inspector be legally bound to do so within the meaning of
section 176 of the Indian Penal Code.
5 of 1908.
45 of 1860.
72
Appointment of
Chief Electrical
Inspector and
Electrical
Inspector.
162. (1)The Appropriate Government may, by notification, appoint duly
qualified persons to be Chief Electrical Inspector or Electrical Inspectors and every
such Inspector so appointed shall exercise the powers and perform the functions of
a Chief Electrical Inspector or an Electrical Inspector under this Act and exercise
such other powers and perform such other functions as may be prescribed within
such areas or in respect of such class of works and electric installations and subject
to such restrictions as the Appropriate Government may direct.
(2) In the absence of express provision to the contrary in this Act, or any
rule made thereunder, an appeal shall lie from the decision of a Chief Electrical
Inspector or an Electrical Inspector to the Appropriate Government or if the
Appropriate Government, by general or special order so directs, to an Appropriate
Commission.
Power for licensee
to enter premises
and to remove
fittings or other
apparatus of
licensee.
163. (1) A licensee or any person duly authorised by a licence may, at
any reasonable time, and on informing the occupier of his intention, enter any
premises to which electricity is, or has been, supplied by him, of any premises or
land, under, over, along, across, in or upon which the electric supply-lines or other
works have been lawfully placed by him for the purpose of –
(a) inspecting, testing, repairing or altering the electric supply lines,
meters, fittings, works and apparatus for the supply of electricity belonging to
the licensee; or
(b) ascertaining the amount of electricity supplied or the electrical
quantity contained in the supply; or
(c) removing where a supply of electricity is no longer required, or
where the licensee is authorised to take away and cut off such supply, any
electric supply-lines, meters, fittings, works or apparatus belonging to the
licensee.
(2) A licensee or any person authorised as aforesaid may also, in
pursuance of a special order in this behalf made by an Executive Magistrate and
after giving not less than twenty-four hours notice in writing to the occupier, –
(a) enter any premises or land referred to in sub-section (1) for any of
the purposes mentioned therein;
(b) enter any premises to which electricity is to be supplied by him, for
the purpose of examining and testing the electric wires fittings, works and
apparatus for the use of electricity belonging to the consumer.
(3) Where a consumer refuses to allow a licensee or any person
authorised as aforesaid to enter his premises or land in pursuance of the provisions
of sub-section (1) or, sub-section (2), when such licensee or person has so entered,
refuses to allow him to perform any act which he is authorised by those subsections
to perform, or fails to give reasonable facilities for such entry or
performance, the licensee may, after the expiry of twenty-four hours from the
service of a notice in writing on the consumer, cut off the supply to the consumer
for so long as such refusal or failure continues, but for no longer.
Exercise of
powers of
Telegraph
Authority in
certain cases.
164. The Appropriate Government may, by order in writing, for the placing of
electric lines or electrical plant for the transmission of electricity or for the purpose
of telephonic or telegraphic communications necessary for the proper co-ordination
of works, confer upon any public officer, licensee or any other person engaged in
the business of supplying electricity under this Act, subject to such conditions and
restrictions, if any, as the Appropriate Government may think fit to impose and to
the provisions of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, any of the powers which the
telegraph authority possesses under that Act with respect to the placing of
13 of 1885.
73
telegraph authority possesses under that Act with respect to the placing of
telegraph lines and posts for the purposes of a telegraph established or maintained,
by the Government or to be so established or maintained.
Amendment of
Sections 40 and
41 of Act 1 of
1894.
165. (1) In section 40, sub-section (1) of clause (b) and section 41, subsection
(5) of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, the term “work” shall be deemed to
include electricity supplied or to be supplied by means of the work to be
constructed.
(2) The Appropriate Government may, on recommendation of the
Appropriate Commission in this behalf, if it thinks fit, on the application of any
person, not being a company desirous of obtaining any land for its purposes, direct
that he may acquire such land under the provisions of the Land Acquisition Act,
1894 in the same manner and on the same conditions as it might be acquired if the
person were a company.
1 of 1894.
1 of 1894.
Coordination
Forum
Exemption of
electric lines or
electrical plants
from attachment
in certain cases.
PART- XVIII
MISCELLANEOUS
166. (1) The Central Government shall constitute a Coordination Forum
consisting of the Chairperson of the Central Commission and Members thereof, the
Chairperson of the Authority, representatives of generating companies and
transmission licensees engaged in inter-State transmission of electricity for smooth
and coordinated development of the power system in the country.
(2) The Central Government shall also constitute a forum of
regulators consisting of the Chairperson of the Central Commission and
Chairpersons of the State Commissions.
(3) The Chairperson of the Central Commission shall be the
Chairperson of the Forum of regulators referred to in sub-section (2).
(4) The State Government shall constitute a Coordination Forum
consisting of the Chairperson of the State Commission and Members thereof
representatives of the generating companies, transmission licensee and
distribution licensees engaged in generation, transmission and distribution of
electricity in that State for smooth and coordinated development of the power
system in the State.
(5) There shall be a committee in each district to be constituted
by the Appropriate Government –
(a) to coordinate and review the extension of electrification in
each district;
(b) to review the quality of power supply and consumer
satisfaction;
(c) to promote energy efficiency and its conservation.
167. Where any electric lines or electrical plant, belonging to a licensee are
placed in or upon any premises or land not being in the possession of the licensee,
such electric lines or electrical plant shall not be liable to be taken in execution
under any process of any civil court or in any proceedings in insolvency against the
person in whose possession the same may be.
Protection of
action taken in
good faith.
168. No suit, prosecution or other proceeding shall lie against the Appropriate
Government or Appellate Tribunal or the Appropriate Commission or any
officer of Appropriate Government, or any Member, Officer or other employees of
the Appellate Tribunal or any Members, officer or other employees of the
74
Appropriate Commission or the assessing officer or any public servant for
anything done or in good faith purporting to be done under this Act or the rules or
regulations made thereunder.
Members,
officers, etc., of
Appellate
Tribunal,
Appropriate
Commission to be
public servants
45 of 1860.
169. The Chairperson, Members, officers and other employees of the Appellate
Tribunal and the Chairperson, Members, Secretary, officers and other employees
of the Appropriate Commission and the assessing officer referred to in section
126 shall be deemed, when acting or purporting to act in pursuance of any of the
provisions of this Act to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the
Indian Penal Code.
Recovery of
penalty payable
under Act.
170. Any penalty payable by a person under this Act, if not paid, may be
recovered as if it were an arrear of land revenue.
Service of notices,
orders or
documents
171. (1) Every notice, order or document by or under this Act required, or
authorised to be addressed to any person may be served on him by delivering the
same after obtaining signed acknowledgement receipt therefor or by registered post
or such means of delivery as may be prescribed –
(a) where the Appropriate Government is the addressee, at the office of
such officer as the Appropriate Government may prescribe in this behalf;
(b) where the Appropriate Commission is the addressee, at the office of
the Appropriate Commission;
(c) where a company is the addressee, at the registered office of the
company or, in the event of the registered office of the company not being in
India, at the head office of the company in India;
(d) where any other person is the addressee, at the usual or last known
place of abode or business of the person.
(2) Every notice, order or document by or under this Act required or
authorised to be addressed to the owner or occupier of any premises shall be
deemed to be properly addressed if addressed by the description of the owner or
occupier of the premises (naming the premises), and may be served by delivering
it, or a true copy thereof, to some person on the premises, or if there is no person
on the premises to whom the same can with reasonable diligence be delivered, by
affixing it on some conspicuous part of the premises.
Transitional
provisions.
172. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act,-
(a) a State Electricity Board constituted under the repealed laws
shall be deemed to be the State Transmission Utility and a licensee under the
provisions of this Act for a period of one year from the appointed date or such
earlier date as the State Government may notify, and shall perform the duties and
functions of the State Transmission Utility and a licensee in accordance with the
provisions of this Act and rules and regulations made thereunder:
Provided that the State Government may, by notification, authorise the
State Electricity Board to continue to function as the State Transmission Utility or
a licensee for such further period beyond the said period of one year as may be
mutually decided by the Central Government and the State Government.
(b) all licences, authorisations approvals, clearances and
permissions granted under the provisions of the repealed laws may, for a period
not exceeding one year from the appointed date or such earlier period; as may be
notified by the Appropriate Government, continue to operate as if the repealed
laws were in force with respect to such licence, authorisations, approvals,
clearances and permissions, as the case may be, and thereafter such licences,
75
clearances and permissions, as the case may be, and thereafter such licences,
authorisations, approvals, clearances and permissions shall be deemed to be
licences, authorisation, approvals, clearances and permission under this Act and
all provisions of this Act shall apply accordingly to such licences authorisations
approvals, clearances and permissions.
(c) the undertaking of the State Electricity Boards established under
section 5 of the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 may after the expiry of the period
specified in clause (a) be transferred in accordance with the provisions of Part
XIII of this Act;
(d) the State Government may, by notification, declare that any or all
the provisions contained in this Act, shall not apply in that State for such period,
not exceeding six months from the appointed date, as may be stipulated in the
notification.
54 of 1948
Inconsistency in
laws
Act to have
overriding effect.
173. Nothing contained in this Act or any rule or regulation made thereunder
or any instrument having effect by virtue of this Act, rule or regulation shall have
effect in so far as it is inconsistent with any other provisions of the Consumer
Protection Act, 1986 or the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 or the Railways Act, 1989.
174. Save as otherwise provided in section 173, the provisions of this Act shall
have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other
law for the time being in force or in any instrument having effect by virtue of any
law other than this Act.
68 of 1986
33 of 1962
Provisions of
this Act to be in
addition to and
not in derogation
of other laws.
175. The provisions of this Act are in addition to and not in derogation of any
other law for the time being in force.
Power of Central
Government to
make rules.
176. (1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules for
carrying out the provisions of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the
foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters,
namely: –
(a) the time within which the objection and suggestions on the
draft National Electricity Plan to be invited by the Authority under the proviso to
sub-section (4) of section 3;
(b) the additional requirements (including the capital adequacy,
creditworthiness or code of conduct) under sixth proviso to section 14;
(c) the payment of fees for application for grant of licence under
sub-section (I) of section 15;
(d) the constitution and functions of the National Load Despatch
Centre under sub-section (2) of section 26;
(e) the works of licensees affecting the property of owner or
occupier under sub-section (2) of section 67;
(f) such other works which may be prescribed under clause (c) of
sub-section (2) of Section 68;
(g) allowances and fees payable to others Members for attending the
meetings of Authority under sub-section (14) of section 70.
(h) other terms and conditions of service of the Chairperson and
Members of the Authority under sub-section (15) of section 70;
76
(i) the functions and duties of the Central Electricity Authority
under section 73;
(j) the salary, allowances and other conditions of service of
Chairperson and Member of Central Commission under sub-section (2) of section
89;
(k) the form and manner in which and the authority before whom
oath of office and secrecy should be subscribed under sub-section (3) of section
89;
(l) the procedure to be prescribed by the Central Commission under
the proviso to sub- section (2) of section 90;
(m) any other matter required to be prescribed under clause (g) of
sub-section (1) of section 94;
(n) the form in which the Central Commission shall prepare its
annual statements of accounts under sub-section (1) of section 100;
(o) the form in which and time at which the Central Commission
shall prepare its annual report under sub-section (1) 101;
(p) the form in which and time at which the Central Commission
shall prepare its budget under section 106;
(q) the form and the manner of verifying such form, and fee for
filing appeal under sub-section (2) of section 111;
(r) the salary and allowances payable to and the other terms and
conditions of service of the Chairperson of the Appellate Tribunal and Members of
the Appellate Tribunal under section 115;
(s) the salary and allowances and other conditions of service of the
officers and employees of the Appellate Tribunal under sub-section (3) of section
119;
(t) the additional matters in respect of which the Appellate Tribunal
may exercise the powers of a civil court under clause (i) of sub-section (2) of
section 120;
(u) the authority to whom the appeal shall be filed under sub-section (1) of
section 127;
(v) manner of holding inquiry by an adjudicating officer and subsection
(1) of section 143;
(w) the form in which and the time at which service of notices to
any person or to the Central Government for the purpose under sub-section (1) of
section 161;
(x) the powers to be exercised and the functions to be performed by the
Inspectors under sub-section (1) of section 162;
(y) the manner of delivery of every notice, order or document to be
served under sub-section (1) of section 171;
(z) any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.
77
Powers of
Authority to make
regulations.
177. (1) The Authority may, by notification, make regulations consistent
with this Act and the rules generally to carry out the provisions of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the power
conferred in sub-section (1), such regulations may provide for all or any of the
following matters, namely:–
(a) the Grid Standards under section 34;
(b) suitable measures relating to safety and electric supply under
section 53;
(c) the installation and operation of meters under section 55;
(d) the rules of procedure for transaction of business under sub-section
(9) of section 70;
(e) the technical standards for construction of electrical plants and
electric lines and connectivity to the grid under clause (b) of section 73;
(f) the form and manner in which and the time at which the State
Government and licensees shall furnish statistics, returns or other information
under section 74.
(g) any other matter which is to be, or may be, specified;
(3) All regulations made by the Authority under this Act shall be
subject to the conditions of previous publication.
Powers of Central
Commission to
make regulations.
178. (1) The Central Commission may, by notification make regulations
consistent with this Act and the rules generally to carry out the provisions of this
Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the power
contained in sub-section (1), such regulations may provide for all or any of
following matters, namely:-
(a) period to be specified under the first proviso to section 14;
(b) the form and the manner of the application under sub-section (1) of
section 15;
(c) the manner and particulars of notice under sub-section (2) of
section 15;
(d) the conditions of licence under section 16;
(e) the manner and particulars of notice under clause (a) of sub-section
(2) of section 18;
(f) publication of alterations or amendments to be made in the licence
under clause(c) of sub-section (2) of section 18;
(g) Grid Code under sub-section (2) of section 28;
(h) levy and collection of fees and charge from generating companies
or transmission utilities or licensees under sub-section (4) of section 28;
(i) rates, charges and terms and conditions in respect of intervening
transmission facilities under proviso to section 36;
(j) payment of the transmission charges and a surcharge under-sub78
clause (ii) of clause (d) of sub-section (2) of section 38;
(k) reduction and elimination of surcharge and cross subsidies under
second proviso to sub-clause (ii) of clause (d) of sub-section (2) of section 38;
(l) payment of transmission charges and a surcharge under sub-clause
(ii) of clause(c) of section 40;
(m) reduction and elimination of surcharge and cross subsidies under
the second proviso to sub-clause (ii) of clause (c) of section 40;
(n) proportion of revenues from other business to be utilised for
reducing the transmission and wheeling charges under proviso to
section 41;
(o) duties of electricity trader under sub-section (2) of section 52;
(p) standards of performance of a licensee or class of licensees under
sub-section (1) of section 57;
(q) the period within which information to be furnished by the
licensee under sub-section (1) of section 59;
(r) the period within which the cross-subsidies shall be reduced and
eliminated under clause (g) of section 61;
(s) the terms and conditions for the determination of tariff under
section 61;
(t) details to be furnished by licensee or generating company under
sub-section (2) of section 62;
(u) the procedures for calculating the expected revenue from tariff and
charges under sub-section (5) of section 62;
(v) the manner of making an application before the Central Commission
and the fee payable therefor under sub-section (1) of section 64;
(w) the manner of publication of draft tariff order under sub-section
(3) of section 64;
(x) issue of tariff order with modifications or conditions under subsection
(4) of section 64;
(y) the manner by which development of market in power including
trading specified under section 66;
(z) the powers and duties of the Secretary of the Central Commission
under sub-section (1) of section 91;
(za) the terms and conditions of service of the Secretary, officers and
other employees of Central Commission under sub-section (3) of section 91;
(zb) the rules of procedure for transaction of business under subsection
(1) of section 92;
(zc) minimum information to be maintained by a licensee or the
generating company and the manner of such information to be
maintained under sub-section (8) of section 128;
(zd) the manner of service and publication of notice under section 130;
79
(ze) any other matter which is to be, or may be, specified by regulations.
(3) All regulations made by the Central Commission under this Act
shall be subject to the conditions of previous publication.
Rules and
regulations to be
laid before
Parliament.
179. Every rule made by the Central Government, every regulation made by
the Authority, and every regulation made by the Central Commission shall be laid,
as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of the Parliament, while it is
in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session
or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session
immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both
Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or regulation or agree that the
rule or regulation should not be made, the rule or regulation shall thereafter have
effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so,
however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the
validity of anything previously done under that rule or regulation.
.
Powers of State
Governments to
make rules
180. (1) The State Government may, by notification, make rules for
carrying out the provisions of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of foregoing
power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely: –
(a) the payment of fees for application for grant of licence under subsection
(1) of section 15;
(b) the works of licensees affecting the property of other persons under
sub- section(2) of section 67;
(c) such other matters which may be prescribed under clause (c) of subsection
(2) of section 68;
(d) the salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of service of
the Chairperson and Members of the State Commission under sub-section (2)
of section 89;
(e) the form and manner in which and the authority before whom oath
of office and secrecy should be subscribed under sub-section (3) of section 89;
(f) any other matter required to be prescribed by the State
Commission under clause (g) of sub- section (1) of section 94;
(g) the manner of applying the Fund under sub-section (3) of section
103;
(h) the form in which and time at which the State Commission shall
prepare its annual accounts under sub-section (1) of section 104;
(i) the form in which and time at which the State Commission shall
prepare its annual report under sub-section (1) of section 105;
(j) the form in which and time at which the State Commission shall
prepare its budget under section 106;
(k) manner of service of provisional order of assessment under subsection
(2) of section 126;
(l) manner of holding inquiry by an adjudicating officer under subsection
(1) of section 143;
(m) the form in which and the time at which notice to the Electrical
.
80
Inspector under sub-section (1) of section 161;
(n) the manner of delivery of every notice, order or document under
sub-section (1) of section 171; and
(o) any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.
Powers of State
Commissions to
make regulations.
181. (1) The State Commissions may, by notification, make regulations
consistent with this Act and the rules generally to carry out the provisions of this
Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the power
contained in sub-section (1), such regulations may provide for all or any of the
following matters, namely: –
(a) period to be specified under the first proviso of section 14;
(b) the form and the manner of application under sub-section (1) of
section 15;
(c) the manner and particulars of application for licence to be
published under sub-section (2) of section 15;
(d) the conditions of licence section 16;
(e) the manner and particulars of notice under clause(a) of subsection
(2) of section 18;
(f) publication of the alterations or amendments to be made in the
licence under clause (c) of sub-section (2) of section 18;
(g) levy and collection of fees and charges from generating
companies or licensees under sub-section (3) of section 32;
(h) rates, charges and the term and conditions in respect of
intervening transmission facilities under proviso to section 36;
(i) payment of the transmission charges and a surcharge under subclause
(ii) of clause(d) of sub-section (2) of section 39;
(j) reduction and elimination of surcharge and cross subsidies
under second proviso to sub-clause (ii) of clause (d) of sub-section (2) of
section 39;
(k) manner and utilisation of payment and surcharge under the
fourth proviso to sub-clause(ii) of clause (d) of sub-section (2) of section 39;
(l) payment of the transmission charges and a surcharge under subclause(
ii) of clause (c) of section 40;
(m) reduction and elimination of surcharge and cross subsidies under
second proviso to sub-clause (ii) of clause (c) of section 40;
(n) the manner of payment of surcharge under the fourth proviso to
sub-clause (ii) of clause (c) of section 40;
(o) proportion of revenues from other business to be utilised for
reducing the transmission and wheeling charges under proviso to section 41;
(p) reduction and elimination of surcharge and cross-subsidies under
the third proviso to sub-section (2) of section 42;
81
(q) payment of additional charges on charges of wheeling under subsection
(4) of section 42;
(r ) guidelines under sub-section (5) of section 42;
(s) the time and manner for settlement of grievances under sub-section (7)
of section 42;
(t) the period to be specified by the State Commission under sub-section
(1) of section 43;
(u) methods and principles by which charges for electricity shall be
fixed under sub-section (2) of section 45;
(v) reasonable security payable to the distribution licensee under
sub-section (1) of section 47;
(w) payment of interest on security under sub-section (4) of section 47;
(x) electricity supply code under section 50;
(y) the proportion of revenues from other business to be utilised for
reducing wheeling charges under proviso to section 51;
(z) duties of electricity trader under sub-section (2) of section 52;
(za) standards of performance of a licensee or a class of licensees under
sub-section (1) of section 57;
(zaa) the period within which information to be furnished by the licensee under
sub-section (1) of section 59;
(zb) the period within which the cross-subsidies shall be reduced and
eliminated under clause (g) of section 61;
(zc) the terms and conditions for the determination of tariff under section 61;
(zd) details to be furnished by licensee or generating company under
sub-section (2) of section 62;
(ze) the methodologies and procedures for calculating the expected
revenue from tariff and charges under sub-section (1) of section 62;
(zf) the manner of making an application before the State Commission and the
fee payable therefor under sub-section (1) of section 64;
(zg) issue of tariff order with modifications or conditions under subsection(
3) of section 64;
(zh) the manner by the which development of market in power including
trading specified under section 66;
(zi) the powers and duties of the Secretary of the State Commission
under sub-section (1) of section 91;
(zj) the terms and conditions of service of the secretary, officers and
other employees of the State Commission under sub-section (2) of section
91;
(zk) rules of procedure for transaction of business under sub-section
(1) of section 92;
82
(zl) minimum information to be maintained by a licensee or the
generating company and the manner of such information to be maintained
under sub-section (8) of section 128;
(zm) the manner of service and publication of notice under section
130;
(zn) the form of and preferring the appeal and manner in which such
form shall be verified and the fee for preferring the appeal under sub-section
(1) of section 127;
(zo) any other matter which is to be, or may be, specified.
(3) All regulations made by the State Commission under this Act
shall be subject to the condition of previous publication.
Rules and
regulations to be
laid before State
Legislature
182. Every rule made by the State Government and every regulation made by
the State Commission shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each
House of the State Legislature where it consists of two Houses, or where such
Legislature consists of one House, before that House.
.
Power to remove
difficulties.
Provisions of Act
not to apply in
certain cases.
183. (1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this
Act, the Central Government may, by order published, make such provisions not
inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as may appear to be necessary for
removing the difficulty:
Provided that no order shall be made under this section after the expiry of
two years from the date of commencement of this Act.
(2) Every order made under this section shall be laid, as soon as
may be after it is made, before each House’ of Parliament.
184. The provisions of this Act shall not apply to the Ministry or Department
of the Central Government dealing with Defence, Atomic Energy or such other
similar Ministries or Departments or undertakings or Boards or institutions under
the control of such Ministries or Departments as may be notified by the Central
Government.
Repeal and
saving.
185. (1) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, the Indian Electricity
Act, 1910, the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 and the Electricity Regulatory
Commissions Act, 1998 are hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding such repeal, –
(a) anything done or any action taken or purported to have been
done or taken including any rule, notification, inspection, order or notice made or
issued or any appointment, confirmation or declaration made or any licence,
permission, authorisation or exemption granted or any document or instrument
executed or any direction given under the repealed laws shall, in so far as it is not
inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been done or taken
under the corresponding provisions of this Act.
(b) the provisions contained in sections 12 to 18 of the Indian
Electricity Act, 1910 and rules made thereunder shall have effect until the
rules under section 67 to 69 of this Act are made;.
(c) Indian Electricity Rules, 1956 made under section 37 of the
Indian Electricity Act, 1910 as it stood before such repeal shall continue to be in
force till the regulations under section 53 of this Act are made.
9 of 1910.
54 of 1948.
14 of 1998.
9 of 1910
9 of 1910
83
force till the regulations under section 53 of this Act are made.
(d) all rules made under sub-section (1) of section 69 of the Electricity
(Supply) Act, 1948 shall continue to have effect until such rules are rescinded or
modified, as the case may be;
(e) all directives issued, before the commencement of this Act, by a State
Government under the enactments specified in the Schedule shall continue to apply
for the period for which such directions were issued by the State Government.” .
(3) The provisions of the enactments specified in the Schedule, not
inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, shall apply to the States in which
such enactments are applicable.
(4) The Central Government may, as and when considered
necessary, by notification, amend the Schedule.
(5) Save as otherwise provided in sub-section (2), the mention of
particular matters in that section, shall not be held to prejudice or affect the
general application of section 6 of the General Clauses Act, 1897, with regard to
the effect of repeals.
10 of 1897
84
THE SCHEDULE
ENACTMENTS
( See sub-Section (3) of Section 185)
1. The Orissa Electricity Reform Act, 1995 (Orissa Act no. 2 of 1996)
2. The Haryana Electricity Reform Act, 1997 (Haryana Act no. 10 of 1998)
3. The Andhra Pradesh Electricity Reform Act, 1998 (Andhra Pradesh Act no. 30 of 1998)
4. The Uttar Pradesh Electricity Reform Act, 1999 (Uttar Pradesh Act no. 24 of 1999)
5. The Karnataka Electricity Reform Act, 1999 (Karnataka Act no. 25 of 1999)
6. The Rajasthan Electricity Reform Act, 1999 (Rajasthan Act no. 23 of 1999)
7. The Delhi Electricity Reforms Act, 2000 (Delhi Act No.2 of 2001)
8. The Madhya Pradesh Vidyut Sudhar Adhiniyam, 2000 (Madhya Pradesh Act No. 4 of 2001)
*******************

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