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INDIAN BARE ACTS

CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (AMENDMENT) ACT 2008

CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

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(AMENDMENT) ACT 2008

~ THE CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2008 # NO. 5 OF 2009 $

[7th January, 2009.]

+ An Act further to amend the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-ninth Year of the Republic of India as follows:- @

% Short title and commence-ment. !

1. Short title and commence-ment. – (1) This Act may be called the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2008.

(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint; and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act. @

% Amendment of section 2. ! 2. Amendment of section 2. – In section 2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act), after clause (w), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:- ‘(wa) “victim” means a person who has suffered any loss or injury caused by reason of the act or omission for which the accused person has been charged and the expression “victim” includes his or her guardian or legal heir;’. @

% Amendment of section 24. !

3. Amendment of section 24. – In section 24 of the principal Act, in sub-section (8), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that the Court may permit the victim to engage an advocate of his choice to assist the prosecution under this sub-section.”. @

% Amendment of section 26. ! 4. Amendment of section 26. – In section 26 of the principal Act, in clause (a), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that any offence under section 376 and sections 376A to 376D of the Indian Penal Code shall be tried as far as practicable by a Court presided over by a woman.”. @

% Amendment of section 41. ! 5. Amendment of section 41. – In section 41 of the principal Act,-

(i) in sub-section (1), for clauses (a) and (b), the following clauses shall be substituted, namely:- “(a) who commits, in the presence of a police officer, a cognizable offence; (b) against whom a reasonable complaint has been made, or credible information has been received, or a reasonable suspicion exists that he has committed a cognizable offence punishable with imprisonment for a term which may be less than seven years or which may extend to seven years whether with or without fine, if the following conditions are satisfied, namely:- (i) the police officer has reason to believe on the basis of such complaint, information, or suspicion that such person has committed the said offence; (ii) the police officer is satisfied that such arrest is necessary- (a) to prevent such person from committing any further offence; or (b) for proper investigation of the offence; or (c) to prevent such person from causing the evidence of the offence to disappear or tampering with such evidence in any manner; or (d) to prevent such person from making any inducement, threat or promise to any person acquainted with the facts of the case so as to dissuade him from disclosing such facts to the Court or to the police officer; or (e) as unless such person is arrested, his presence in the Court whenever required cannot be ensured, and the police officer shall record while making such arrest, his reasons in writing. (ba) against whom credible information has been received that he has committed a cognizable offence punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to more than seven years whether with or without fine or with death sentence and the police officer has reason to believe on the basis of that information that such person has committed the said offence;”;

(ii) for sub-section (2), the following sub-section shall be substituted, namely:-

“(2) Subject to the provisions of section 42, no person concerned in a non-cognizable offence or against whom a complaint has been made or credible information has been received or reasonable suspicion exists of his having so concerned, shall be arrested except under a warrant or order of a Magistrate.”. @

% Insertion of new sections 41A, 41B, 41C and 41D. ! 6. Insertion of new sections 41A, 41B, 41C and 41D. – After section 41 of the principal Act, the following new sections shall be inserted, namely:-

“41A. Notice of appearance before police officer. – (1) The police officer may, in all cases where the arrest of a person is not required under the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 41, issue a notice directing the person against whom a reasonable complaint has been made, or credible information has been received, or a reasonable suspicion exists that he has committed a cognizable offence, to appear before him or at such other place as may be specified in the notice.

(2) Where such a notice is issued to any person, it shall be the duty of that person to comply with the terms of the notice.

(3) Where such person complies and continues to comply with the notice, he shall not be arrested in respect of the offence referred to in the notice unless, for reasons to be recorded, the police officer is of the opinion that he ought to be arrested.

(4) Where such person, at any time, fails to comply with the terms of the notice, it shall be lawful for the police officer to arrest him for the offence mentioned in the notice, subject to such orders as may have been passed in this behalf by a competent Court. 41B. Procedure of arrest and duties of officer making arrest Procedure of arrest and duties of officer making arrest. – Every police officer while making an arrest shall- (a) bear an accurate, visible and clear identification of his name which will facilitate easy identification; (b) prepare a memorandum of arrest which shall be- (i) attested by at least one witness, who is a member of the family of the person arrested or a respectable member of the locality where the arrest is made; (ii) countersigned by the person arrested; and (c) inform the person arrested, unless the memorandum is attested by a member of his family, that he has a right to have a relative or a friend named by him to be informed of his arrest.

41C. Control room at districts. – (1) The State Government shall establish a police control room- (a) in every district; and (b) at State level.

(2) The State Government shall cause to be displayed on the notice board kept outside the control rooms at every district, the names and addresses of the persons arrested and the name and designation of the police officers who made the arrests.

(3) The control room at the Police Headquarters at the State level shall collect from time to time, details about the persons arrested, nature of the offence with which they are charged and maintain a database for the information of the general public. 41D. Right of arrested person to meet an advocate of his choice during interrogation. – When any person is arrested and interrogated by the police, he shall be entitled to meet an advocate of his choice during interrogation, though not throughout interrogation.”. @

%

7. In section 46 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that where a woman is to be arrested, unless the circumstances indicate to the contrary, her submission to custody on an oral intimation of arrest shall be presumed and, unless the circumstances otherwise require or unless the police officer is a female, the police officer shall not touch the person of the woman for making her arrest.”.

“41A. (1) The police officer may, in all cases where the arrest of a person is not required under the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 41, issue a notice directing the person against whom a reasonable complaint has been made, or credible information has been received, or a reasonable suspicion exists that he has committed a cognizable offence, to appear before him or at such other place as may be specified in the notice.

(2) Where such a notice is issued to any person, it shall be the duty of that person to comply with the terms of the notice.

(3) Where such person complies and continues to comply with the notice, he shall not be arrested in respect of the offence referred to in the notice unless, for reasons to be recorded, the police officer is of the opinion that he ought to be arrested.

(4) Where such person, at any time, fails to comply with the terms of the notice, it shall be lawful for the police officer to arrest him for the offence mentioned in the notice, subject to such orders as may have been passed in this behalf by a competent Court. 41B. Every police officer while making an arrest shall- (a) bear an accurate, visible and clear identification of his name which will facilitate easy identification; (b) prepare a memorandum of arrest which shall be- (i) attested by at least one witness, who is a member of the family of the person arrested or a respectable member of the locality where the arrest is made; (ii) countersigned by the person arrested; and (c) inform the person arrested, unless the memorandum is attested by a member of his family, that he has a right to have a relative or a friend named by him to be informed of his arrest.

41C. (1) The State Government shall establish a police control room- (a) in every district; and (b) at State level.

(2) The State Government shall cause to be displayed on the notice board kept outside the control rooms at every district, the names and addresses of the persons arrested and the name and designation of the police officers who made the arrests.

(3) The control room at the Police Headquarters at the State level shall collect from time to time, details about the persons arrested, nature of the offence with which they are charged and maintain a database for the information of the general public. 41D. When any person is arrested and interrogated by the police, he shall be entitled to meet an advocate of his choice during interrogation, though not throughout interrogation.”. @

% Amendment of section 46. !

7. Amendment of section 46. – In section 46 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that where a woman is to be arrested, unless the circumstances indicate to the contrary, her submission to custody on an oral intimation of arrest shall be presumed and, unless the circumstances otherwise require or unless the police officer is a female, the police officer shall not touch the person of the woman for making her arrest.”. @

% Substitution of new section for section 54. ! 8. Substitution of new section for section 54. – For section 54 of the principal Act, the following section shall be substituted, namely:-

Examination of arrested person by medical officer. – “54. (1) When any person is arrested, he shall be examined by a medical officer in the service of Central or State Government, and in case the medical officer is not available, by a registered medical practitioner soon after the arrest is made: Provided that where the arrested person is a female, the examination of the body shall be made only by or under the supervision of a female medical officer, and in case the female medical officer is not available, by a female registered medical practitioner.

(2) The medical officer or a registered medical practitioner so examining the arrested person shall prepare the record of such examination, mentioning therein any injuries or marks of violence upon the person arrested, and the approximate time when such injuries or marks may have been inflicted.

(3) Where an examination is made under sub-section (1), a copy of the report of such examination shall be furnished by the medical officer or registered medical practitioner, as the case may be, to the arrested person or the person nominated by such arrested person.”. @

% Insertion of new section 55A. % 9. Insertion of new section 55A. – After section 55 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:- Health and safety of arrested person. – “55A. It shall be the duty of the person having the custody of an accused to take reasonable care of the health and safety of the accused.”. @

% Insertion of new section 60A. Arrest to be made strictly according to the Code. ! 10. Insertion of new section 60A. – Arrest to be made strictly according to the Code. – After section 60 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:- “60A. No arrest shall be made except in accordance with the provisions of this Code or any other law for the time being in force providing for arrest.”. @

% Amendment of section 157. !

11. Amendment of section 157. – In section 157 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided further that in relation to an offence of rape, the recording of statement of the victim shall be conducted at the residence of the victim or in the place of her choice and as far as practicable by a woman police officer in the presence of her parents or guardian or near relatives or social worker of the locality.”. @

% Amendment of section 161. !

12. Amendment of section 161. – In section 161 of the principal Act, in sub-section (3), the following provisos shall be inserted, namely:- ”Provided that statement made under this sub-section may also be recorded by audio-video electronic means.”. @

% Amendment of section 167. !

13. Amendment of section 167. – In section 164 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), for the proviso, the following provisos shall be substituted, namely:- “Provided that any confession or statement made under this sub-section may also be recorded by audio-video electronic means in the presence of the advocate of the person accused of an offence: Provided further that no confession shall be recorded by a police officer on whom any power of a Magistrate has been conferred under any law for the time being in force.”. @

%

14. In section 167 of the principal Act, in sub-section (2),- (a) in the proviso,- (i) for clause (b), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:- “(b) no Magistrate shall authorise detention of the accused in custody of the police under this section unless the accused is produced before him in person for the first time and subsequently every time till the accused remains in the custody of the police, but the Magistrate may extend further detention in judicial custody on production of the accused either in person or through the medium of electronic video linkage;”; (ii) for Explanation II, the following Explanation shall be substituted, namely:- “Explanation II.- If any question arises whether an accused person was produced before the Magistrate as required under clause (b), the production of the accused person may be proved by his signature on the order authorising detention or by the order certified by the Magistrate as to production of the accused person through the medium of electronic video linkage, as the case may be.”; (b) after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided further that in case of a woman under eighteen years of age, the detention shall be authorised to be in the custody of a remand home or recognised social institution.”. @

% Amendment of section 172. !

15. Amendment of section 172. – In section 172 of the principal Act, after sub-section (1), the following sub-sections shall be inserted, namely:- “(1A) The statements of witnesses recorded during the course of investigation under section 161 shall be inserted in the case diary.

(1B) The diary referred to in sub-section (1) shall be a volume and duly paginated.”. @

% Amendment of section 173. ! 16. Amendment of section 173. – In section 173 of the principal Act,-

(a) after sub-section (1), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:- “(1A) The investigation in relation to rape of a child may be completed within three months from the date on which the information was recorded by the officer in charge of the police station.”;

(b) in sub-section (2), after clause (g), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:- “(h) whether the report of medical examination of the woman has been attached where investigation relates to an offence under section 376, 376A, 376B, 376C or 376D of the Indian Penal Code.”. @

% Insertion of new section 195A. ! 17. Insertion of new section 195A. – After section 195 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:- Procedure for witnesses in case of threatening, etc. – “195A. A witness or any other person may file a complaint in relation to an offence under section 195A of the Indian Penal Code.”. @

% Amendment of section 198. !

18. In section 198 of the principal Act, in sub-section (6), for the words “fifteen years of age”, the words “eighteen years of age” shall be substituted. @

% Amendment of section 242. !

19. Amendment of section 242. – In section 242 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that the Magistrate shall supply in advance to the accused, the statement of witnesses recorded during investigation by the police.”. @

% Amendment of section 275. !

20. Amendment of section 275. – In section 275 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that evidence of a witness under this sub-section may also be recorded by audio-video electronic means in the presence of the advocate of the person accused of the offence.”. @

% Amendment of section 309. ! 21. Amendment of section 309. – In section 309 of the principal Act,-

(a) in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that when the inquiry or trial relates to an offence under sections 376 to 376D of the Indian Penal Code, the inquiry or trial shall, as far as possible, be completed within a period of two months from the date of commencement of the examination of witnesses.”;

(b) in sub-section (2), after the third proviso and before Explanation 1, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided also that- (a) no adjournment shall be granted at the request of a party, except where the circumstances are beyond the control of that party; (b) the fact that the pleader of a party is engaged in another Court, shall not be a ground for adjournment; (c) where a witness is present in Court but a party or his pleader is not present or the party or his pleader though present in Court, is not ready to examine or cross-examine the witness, the Court may, if thinks fit, record the statement of the witness and pass such orders as it thinks fit dispensing with the examination-in-chief or cross-examination of the witness, as the case may be.”. @

% Amendment of section 313. !

22. Amendment of section 313. – In section 313 of the principal Act, after sub-section (4), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-

“(5) The Court may take help of Prosecutor and Defence Counsel in preparing relevant questions which are to be put to the accused and the Court may permit filing of written statement by the accused as sufficient compliance of this section.”. @

% Amendment of section 320. ! 23. Amendment of section 320. – In section 320 of the principal Act,-

(i) in sub-section (1), for the TABLE, the following TABLE shall be substituted, namely:- “TABLE Offence Section of the Person by whom offence Indian Penal may be compounded Code applicable 1 2 3 Uttering words, etc., with deliberate 298 The person whose religious feelings intent to wound the religious are intended to be wounded. feelings of any person. Voluntarily causing hurt. 323 The person to whom the hurt is caused. Voluntarily causing hurt on 334 Ditto. provocation. Voluntarily causing grievous hurt 335 The person to whom the hurt is on grave and sudden provocation. caused. Wrongfully restraining or confining 341, The person restrained or confined. any person. 342 Wrongfully confining a person for 343 The person confined. three days or more Wrongfully confining a person for 344 Ditto. ten days or more. Wrongfully confining a person in 346 Ditto. secret. Assault or use of criminal force. 352, The person assaulted or to whom 355, criminal force is used. 358 Theft. 379 The owner of the property stolen. Dishonest misappropriation of 403 The owner of the property property. misappropriated. Criminal breach of trust by a carrier, 407 The owner of the property in respect wharfinger, etc. of which the breach of trust has been committed. Dishonestly receiving stolen 411 The owner of the property stolen. property knowing it to be stolen. Assisting in the concealment or 414 Ditto. disposal of stolen property, knowing it to be stolen. Cheating. 417 The person cheated. Cheating by personation. 419 Ditto. Fraudulent removal or concealment 421 The creditors who are affected of property, etc., to prevent thereby. distribution among creditors. Fraudulently preventing from being 422 Ditto. made available for his creditors a debt or demand due to the offender. Fraudulent execution of deed of 423 The person affected thereby. transfer containing false statement of consideration. Fraudulent removal or concealment 424 Ditto. of property. Mischief, when the only loss or 426, The person to whom the loss or damage caused is loss or damage to 427 damage is caused. a private person. Mischief by killing or maiming 428 The owner of the animal. animal. Mischief by killing or maiming 429 The owner of the cattle or animal. cattle, etc. Mischief by injury to works of 430 The person to whom the loss or irrigation by wrongfully diverting damage is caused. water when the only loss or damage caused is loss or damage to private person. Criminal trespass. 447 The person in possession of the property trespassed upon. House-trespass. 448 Ditto. House-trespass to commit an 451 The person in possession of the offence (other than theft) punishable house trespassed upon. with imprisonment. Using a false trade or property 482 The person to whom loss or injury is mark. caused by such use. Counterfeiting a trade or property 483 Ditto. mark used by another. Knowingly selling, or exposing or 486 Ditto. possessing for sale or for manufacturing purpose, goods marked with a counterfeit property mark. Criminal breach of contract of 491 The person with whom the offender service. has contracted. Adultery. 497 The husband of the woman. Enticing or taking away or detaining 498 The husband of the woman and the with criminal intent a married woman woman. Defamation, except such cases as 500 The person defamed. are specified against section 500 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) in column 1 of the Table under

sub-section (2). Printing or engraving matter, 501 Ditto. knowing it to be defamatory. Sale of printed or engraved 502 Ditto. substance containing defamatory matter, knowing it to contain such matter. Insult intended to provoke a breach 504 The person insulted. of the peace. Criminal intimidation. 506 The person intimidated. Inducing person to believe himself 508 The person induced.”; an object of divine displeasure.

(ii) in sub-section (2), for the TABLE the following TABLE shall be substituted, namely:- “TABLE Offence Section of the Person by whom offence Indian Penal may be compounded Code applicable 1 2 3 Causing miscarriage. 312 The woman to whom miscarriage is caused. Voluntarily causing grievous hurt. 325 The person to whom hurt is caused. Causing hurt by doing an act so 337 Ditto. rashly and negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others. Causing grievous hurt by doing an 338 Ditto. act so rashly and negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others. Assault or criminal force in 357 The person assaulted or to whom attempting wrongfully to confine a the force was used. person. Theft, by clerk or servant of 381 The owner of the property stolen. property in possession of master. Criminal breach of trust 406 The owner of property in respect of which breach of trust has been committed. Criminal breach of trust by a clerk 408 The owner of the property in respect or servant. of which the breach of trust has been committed. Cheating a person whose interest 418 The person cheated. the offender was bound, either by law or by legal contract, to protect. Cheating and dishonestly inducing 420 The person cheated. delivery of property or the making, alteration or destruction of a valuable security. Marrying again during the life-time 494 The husband or wife of the person so of a husband or wife. marrying. Defamation against the President or the 500 The person defamed. Vice-President or the Governor of a State or the Administrator of a Union territory or a Minister in respect of his public functions when instituted upon a complaint made by the Public Prosecutor. Uttering words or sounds or making 509 The woman whom it was intended to gestures or exhibiting any object insult or whose privacy was intruded intending to insult the modesty of a upon.”; woman or intruding upon the privacy of a woman.

(iii) for sub-section (3), the following sub-section shall be substituted, namely:-

“(3) When an offence is compoundable under this section, the abetment of such offence or an attempt to commit such offence (when such attempt is itself an offence) or where the accused is liable under section 34 or 149 of the Indian Penal Code may be compounded in like manner.”. @

% Amendment of section 327. ! 24. Amendment of section 327. – In section 327 of the principle Act,-

(a) in sub-section (2), after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided further that in camera trial shall be conducted as far as practicable by a woman Judge or Magistrate.”;

(b) in sub-section (3), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that the ban on printing or publication of trial proceedings in relation to an offence of rape may be lifted, subject to maintaining confidentiality of name and address of the parties.”. @

% Amendment of section 328. ! 25. Amendment of section 328. – In section 328 of the principal Act,-

(a) after sub-section (1), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:- “(1A) If the civil surgeon finds the accused to be of unsound mind, he shall refer such person to a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist for care, treatment and prognosis of the condition and the psychiatrist or clinical psychologist, as the case may be, shall inform the Magistrate whether the accused is suffering from unsoundness of mind or mental retardation: Provided that if the accused is aggrieved by the information given by the psychiatric or clinical psychologist, as the case may be, to the Magistrate, he may prefer an appeal before the Medical Board which shall consist of- (a) head of psychiatry unit in the nearest government hospital; and (b) a faculty member in psychiatry in the nearest medical college.”;

(b) for sub-section (3), the following sub-sections shall be substituted, namely:-

“(3) If such Magistrate is informed that the person referred to in sub-section (1A) is a person of unsound mind, the Magistrate shall further determine whether the unsoundness of mind renders the accused incapable of entering defence and if the accused is found so incapable, the Magistrate shall record a finding to that effect, and shall examine the record of evidence produced by the prosecution and after hearing the advocate of the accused but without questioning the accused, if he finds that no prima facie case is made out against the accused, he shall, instead of postponing the enquiry, discharge the accused and deal with him in the manner provided under section 330: Provided that if the Magistrate finds that a prima facie case is made out against the accused in respect of whom a finding of unsoundness of mind is arrived at, he shall postpone the proceeding for such period, as in the opinion of the psychiatrist or clinical psychologist, is required for the treatment of the accused, and order the accused to be dealt with as provided under section 330.

(4) If such Magistrate is informed that the person referred to in sub-section (1A) is a person with mental retardation, the Magistrate shall further determine whether the mental retardation renders the accused incapable of entering defence, and if the accused is found so incapable, the Magistrate shall order closure of the inquiry and deal with the accused in the manner provided under section 330.”. @

% Amendment of section 329. ! 26. Amendment of section 329. – In section 329 of the principal Act,-

(a) after sub-section (1), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:- “(1A) If during trial, the Magistrate or Court of Sessions finds the accused to be of unsound mind, he or it shall refer such person to a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist for care and treatment, and the psychiatrist or clinical psychologist, as the case may be shall report to the Magistrate or Court whether the accused is suffering from unsoundness of mind: Provided that if the accused is aggrieved by the information given by the psychiatric or clinical psychologist, as the case may be, to the Magistrate, he may prefer an appeal before the Medical Board which shall consist of- (a) head of psychiatry unit in the nearest government hospital; and (b) a faculty member in psychiatry in the nearest medical college.”;

(b) for sub-section (2), the following sub-sections shall be substituted, namely:-

“(2) If such Magistrate or Court is informed that the person referred to in sub-section (1A) is a person of unsound mind, the Magistrate or Court shall further determine whether unsoundness of mind renders the accused incapable of entering defence and if the accused is found so incapable, the Magistrate or Court shall record a finding to that effect and shall examine the record of evidence produced by the prosecution and after hearing the advocate of the accused but without questioning the accused, if the Magistrate or Court finds that no prima facie case is made out against the accused, he or it shall, instead of postponing the trial, discharge the accused and deal with him in the manner provided under section 330: Provided that if the Magistrate or Court finds that a prima facie case is made out against the accused in respect of whom a finding of unsoundness of mind is arrived at, he shall postpone the trial for such period, as in the opinion of the psychiatrist or clinical psychologist, is required for the treatment of the accused.

(3) If the Magistrate or Court finds that a prima facie case is made out against the accused and he is incapable of entering defence by reason of mental retardation, he or it shall not hold the trial and order the accused to be dealt with in accordance with section 330.”. @

% Substitution of new section for section 330. ! 27. Substitution of new section for section 330. – For section 330 of the principal Act, the following section shall be substituted, namely:-

“330. (1) Whenever a person if found under section 328 or section 329 to be incapable of entering defence by reason of unsoundness of mind or mental retardation, the Magistrate or Court, as the case may be shall, whether the case is one in which bail may be taken or not, order release of such person on bail: Provided that the accused is suffering from unsoundness of mind or mental retardation which does not mandate in-patient treatment and a friend or relative undertakes to obtain regular out-patient psychiatric treatment from the nearest medical facility and to prevent from doing injury to himself or to any other person.

(2) If the case is one in which, in the opinion of the Magistrate or Court, as the case may be, bail cannot be granted or if an appropriate undertaking is not given, he or it shall order the accused to be kept in such a place where regular psychiatric treatment can be provided, and shall report the action taken to the State Government: Provided that no order for the detention of the accused in a lunatic asylum shall be made otherwise than in accordance with such rules as the State Government may have made under the Mental Health Act, 1987.

(3) Whenever a person is found under section 328 or section 329 to be incapable of entering defence by reason of unsoundness of mind or mental retardation, the Magistrate or Court, as the case may be, shall keeping in view the nature of the act committed and the extent of unsoundness of mind or mental retardation, further determine if the release of the accused can be ordered: Provided that- (a) if on the basis of medical opinion or opinion of a specialist, the Magistrate or Court, as the case may be, decide to order discharge of the accused, as provided under section 328 or section 329, such release may be ordered, if sufficient security is given that the accused shall be prevented from doing injury to himself or to any other person; (b) if the Magistrate or Court, as the case may be, is of opinion that discharge of the accused cannot be ordered, the transfer of the accused to a residential facility for persons of unsound mind or mental retardation may be ordered wherein the accused may be provided care and appropriate education and training.”. @

% Insertion of new section 357A. ! 28. Insertion of new section 357A. – After section 357 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:-

Victim compensation scheme. – “357A. (1) Every State Government in co-ordination with the Central Government shall prepare a scheme for providing funds for the purpose of compensation to the victim or his dependents who have suffered loss or injury as a result of the crime and who require rehabilitation.

(2) Whenever a recommendation is made by the Court for compensation, the District Legal Service Authority or the State Legal Service Authority, as the case may be, shall decide the quantum of compensation to be awarded under the scheme referred to in sub-section (1).

(3) If the trial Court, at the conclusion of the trial, is satisfied, that the compensation awarded under section 357 is not adequate for such rehabilitation, or where the cases end in acquittal or discharge and the victim has to be rehabilitated, it may make recommendation for compensation.

(4) Where the offender is not traced or identified, but the victim is identified, and where no trial takes place, the victim or his dependents may make an application to the State or the District Legal Services Authority for award of compensation.

(5) On receipt of such recommendations or on the application under sub-section (4), the State or the District Legal Services Authority shall, after due enquiry award adequate compensation by completing the enquiry within two months.

(6) The State or the District Legal Services Authority, as the case may be, to alleviate the suffering of the victim, may order for immediate first-aid facility or medical benefits to be made available free of cost on the certificate of the police officer not below the rank of the officer in charge of the police station or a Magistrate of the area concerned, or any other interim relief as the appropriate authority deems fit.”. @

% Amendment of section 372. ! 29. Amendment of section 372. – In section 372 of the principal Act, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:- “Provided that the victim shall have a right to prefer an appeal against any order passed by the Court acquitting the accused or convicting for a lesser offence or imposing inadequate compensation, and such appeal shall lie to the Court to which an appeal ordinarily lies against the order of conviction of such Court.”. @

% Amendment of section 416. ! 30. Amendment of section 416. – In section 416 of the principal Act, the words “order the execution of the sentence to be postponed, and may, if it thinks fit” shall be omitted. @

% Insertion of new section 437A. ! 31.I nsertion of new section 437A. – After section 437 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:-

Bail to require accused to appear before next appellate Court. – “437A. (1) Before conclusion of the trial and before disposal of the appeal, the Court trying the offence or the Appellate Court, as the case may be, shall require the accused to execute bail bonds with sureties, to appear before the higher Court as and when such Court issues notice in respect of any appeal or petition filed against the judgment of the respective Court and such bail bonds shall be in force for six months.

(2) If such accused fails to appear, the bond stand forfeited and the procedure under section 446 shall apply.”. @

% Amendment of Form 45. ! 32. Amendment of Form 45. – In the Second Schedule to the principal Act, in Form No. 45, after the figures “437”, the figures and letter “437A” shall be inserted. —- T. K. VISWANATHAN, Secy. to the Govt. of India. {}

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