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INDIAN BARE ACTS

THE SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES ACT, 2005 No. 28 OF 2005

THE GAZETTE OF INDIA
EXTRAORDINARY
PART II – SECTION I
PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY
NO. 31]   NEW DELHI, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 2005
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MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE
(Legislative Department)
New Delhi, the 23
rd
 June, 2005/Asadha 2, 1927 (Saka)
The following Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the 23
rd
 June,
2005, and it hereby published for general information: -
THE SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES ACT, 2005
No. 28 OF 2005
[23
rd
 June, 2005]
An Act to provide for the establishment,  development and management of the Special
Economic Zones for the promotion of exports and for matters connected therewith or
incidental thereto.
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY
1. (1) This Act may be called the Special Economic Zones Act,
2005. 

  (2) It extends to the whole of India.
(3)  It shall come into force on such date as the Central
Government may,  by notification in the Official Gazette,
appoint, and  different dates  may  be appointed for different
provisions of this Act and  any reference  in any such provision
to the commencement of this Act  shall be  construed  as  a
reference to the coming into  force  of  that provision.
Short title, extent
and
commencement.
Definitions. 2.    In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) “appointed day” with reference to a Special Economic 2
Zone means the date on which the Special Economic Zone is
notified by the Central Government under sub-section (1) of
section 4;
(b) “Approval Committee” means an Approval Committee
constituted under sub-section (1) of section 13;
(c) "authorised operations" means operations which may be
authorised under sub-section (2) of section 4 and sub-section
(9) of section 15;
(d) “Authority” means a Special Economic Zone Authority
constituted under sub-section (1) of section 31;
(e) "Board” means the Board of Approval constituted under
sub-section (1) of section 8;
(f) "Co-Developer" means a person who, or a State
Government which, has been granted by the Central
Government a letter of approval under sub-section (12) of
section 3;
(g)  “Developer” means a person who, or a State Government
which, has been granted by the Central Government a letter of
approval under sub-section (10)  of section 3 and includes an
Authority and a Co-Developer;
(h) "Development Commissioner" means the Development
Commissioner appointed for one or more Special Economic
Zones under sub-section (1) of section 11;
(i) “Domestic Tariff Area” means the whole of India (including
the territorial waters and continental shelf) but does not include
the areas of the Special Economic Zones; 

(j) “entrepreneur” means a person who has been granted a
letter of approval by the Development Commissioner under
sub-section (9) of section 15;
(k) “existing Special Economic Zone” means every Special
Economic Zone which is in existence on or before the
commencement of this Act;
(l) “existing Unit” means every Unit which has been set up on
or before the commencement of this Act;
(m)  “export” means –
(i)  taking  goods, or providing services, out of India, from a 3
Special Economic Zone, by land, sea or air or by any other
mode,  whether physical or otherwise; or
(ii) supplying  goods, or providing services, from the Domestic
Tariff Area to a Unit or  Developer; or
(iii) supplying goods,  or providing services,  from one Unit to
another Unit or  Developer, in the same or different Special
Economic Zone;
(n)  “Free Trade and Warehousing Zone” means a Special
Economic Zone wherein mainly trading and warehousing and
other activities related thereto are carried on;
(o) “import” means-
  (i) bringing  goods or receiving services, in a Special
Economic Zone, by a Unit  or  Developer from a place outside
India by land, sea or air or by any other mode,  whether
physical or otherwise; or
  (ii) receiving goods, or services by,  Unit or  Developer
from another Unit or Developer of the same Special Economic
Zone or a different Special Economic Zone;
(p) "infrastructure facilities" means industrial, commercial or
social infrastructure or other facilities necessary for the
development of a Special Economic Zone or such other
facilities which may be prescribed;
(q) “International Financial Services Centre” means an
International Financial Services Centre which has been
approved by the Central Government under sub-section (1) of
section 18;
(r)  “manufacture” means to  make, produce, fabricate,
assemble, process or bring into existence, by hand or by
machine, a new product having a distinctive name, character or
use and shall include processes such as refrigeration, cutting,
polishing, blending, repair,  remaking, re-engineering and
includes agriculture, aquaculture, animal husbandry,
floriculture, horticulture, pisciculture, poultry, sericulture,
viticulture and mining;
(s) "notification" means a notification published in the  Official
Gazette and the expression “notify” shall be construed
accordingly;
(t)  “notified offences” means the offences specified as such
under sub-section (1) of section 21; 4
10 of 1949.
(u) “Offshore Banking Unit”  means a branch of a bank located
in a Special Economic Zone and which has obtained the
permission under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 23 of
the Banking Regulation Act, 1949;
(v) “person” includes an individual, whether resident in India
or outside India,  a Hindu undivided family, co-operative
society, a company, whether incorporated in India or outside
India, a firm,  proprietary concern, or an association of persons
or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, local
authority and any agency, office or branch owned or controlled
by such individual, Hindu undivided family, co-operative,
association, body, authority or company;
(w) "prescribed" means prescribed by the rules made by the
Central Government under this Act;
2 of 1934
(x) “Reserve Bank” means the Reserve Bank of India
constituted under section 3 of the Reserve Bank of India Act,
1934;
(y) “Schedule” means Schedules to this Act;
(z) “services” means such tradable services which,-
(i) are covered under the General Agreement on Trade
in Services annexed as IB to the Agreement
establishing the World Trade Organisation
concluded at Marrakes on the 15
th
 day of April,
1994;
(ii) may be prescribed by the Central Government for
the purposes of this Act; and
(iii) earn foreign exchange;
(za)  "Special Economic Zone" means each Special Economic
Zone notified under the proviso to sub-section (4) of section 3
and sub-section (1) of section 4  (including Free Trade and
Warehousing Zone) and includes an existing Special Economic
Zone;
(zb) “State Government” means  a State Government of the
State in which a Special Economic Zone is established or
proposed to be established;
(zc) "Unit" means a Unit set up by an entrepreneur in a Special
Economic Zone and includes an existing Unit, an Offshore
Banking Unit and a Unit in an International Financial Services
Centre, whether established before or established after
commencement of this Act;
(zd) all other words and expressions used and not defined in  1 of 1944. 5
this Act but defined in the Central Excise Act, 1944, the
Industries (Development and  Regulation) Act, 1951,  the
Income–tax Act, 1961, the Customs Act, 1962 and the Foreign
Trade ( Development and Regulation) Act, 1992  shall have the
meanings respectively assigned to them in those Acts.
65 of 1951.
43 of 1961.
52 of 1962.
22 of 1992.
CHAPTER II
ESTABLISHMENT OF SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE
Procedure for
making
proposal to
establish
Special
Economic
Zone.
3.  (1) A Special Economic Zone may be established under this
Act, either jointly or severally by the Central Government,
State Government, or any person for manufacture of goods or
rendering services or for both or as a Free Trade and
Warehousing Zone.
     (2) Any person, who intends to set up a Special Economic
Zone, may, after identifying the area, make a proposal to the
State Government concerned for the purpose of setting up the
Special Economic Zone.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2), any
person, who intends to set up a Special Economic Zone, may,
after identifying the area,  at his option, make a proposal
directly to the Board for the purpose of setting up the Special
Economic Zone:
Provided that where such a proposal has been received
directly from a person under sub-section, the Board may grant
approval and after receipt of  such approval, the person
concerned shall obtain the concurrence of the State
Government within the period, as may be prescribed.
(4) In case a State Government intends to set up a Special
Economic Zone, it may after identifying the area, forward the
proposal directly to the Board for the purpose of setting up the
Special Economic Zone:
Provided that the Central Government may:-
(a) after consulting the State Government
concerned;
(b) without referring the proposal for setting up the
Special Economic Zone to the Board; and
(c) after identifying the area;
       suo moto set up and notify the Special Economic Zone
(5)   Every proposal under sub-sections (2) to (4)  shall be
made in such form and manner containing such particulars as
may be prescribed.    6
(6) The State Government may, on receipt of the proposal
made under sub-section (2), forward the same together with its
recommendations to the Board within such period as may be
prescribed.
(7) Without prejudice to the  provisions contained in subsection (8), the Board may,  after receipt of the proposal under
sub-section (2) to (4),  approve the  proposal subject to such
terms and conditions as it may deem fit to impose, or  modify
or reject the proposal.
(8) The Central Government may prescribe the following
requirement for establishment of a Special Economic Zone,
namely:-
 (a) the minimum area of land and other terms and
conditions  subject to which the Board shall approve, modify
or reject any proposal received by it under sub-section (2) to
(4) ; and
 (b)  the terms and conditions, subject to which the
Developer shall undertake the authorised operations and his
obligations and entitlements.
Provided that different minimum are of land and other
terms and conditions referred  to in clause (a) may be
prescribed by the Central Government for a class or classes of
Special Economic Zones.
(9) If  the Board,-
  (a)  approves without any  modification, the proposal
received under sub-section (2) to (4), it shall communicate the
same to the Central Government;
  (b) approves with modifications the proposal received
under sub-section (2) to (4), it shall, communicate such
modifications to the person or the State Government concerned
and if such modifications have been accepted by such person
or the State Government, the Board shall communicate the
approval to the Central Government;
  (c)  rejects the proposal, received under sub-section (2)
to (4), it shall record the reasons therefor and  communicate the
rejection to the Central Government which shall intimate to the
State Government or the person concerned.
(10) The Central Government shall, on receipt of
communication under clause (a) or clause (b) of sub-section
(9), grant, within such time as may be prescribed, a letter of 7
approval on such terms and conditions and obligations and
entitlements as may be approved by the Board, to the
Developer, being the person or the State Government
concerned:
 Provided that the Central Government may, on the
basis of approval of the Board, approve more than one
Developer in a Special Economic Zone in cases where one
Developer does not have in his possession the minimum area
of contiguous land, as may be  prescribed, for setting up a
Special Economic Zone and in such cases, each Developer
shall be considered as a Developer in respect of the land in his
possession.
(11) Any person who, or a State Government which, intends to
provide any infrastructure facilities in the identified area
referred to in sub-section (2) to (4), or undertake any
authorised operation may, after  entering into an agreement
with the Developer referred to  in sub-section (10), make a
proposal for the same to the  Board for its approval and the
provisions of sub-section (5) and sub-sections (7) to (10) shall,
as far as may be, apply to the said proposal made by such
person or State Government.
(12)  Every person or a State Government referred to in subsection (11), whose proposal has been approved by the Board
and who, or which, has been granted letter of approval by the
Central Government, shall be considered as a Co-Developer of
the Special Economic Zone.
(13)   Subject to the provisions of this section and the letter of
approval granted to a Developer, the Developer may allocate
space or built up area or provide infrastructure services to the
approved units in accordance with the agreement entered into
by him with the entrepreneurs of such Units.
4. (1) The Developer shall, after the grant of  letter of approval
under sub-section (10) of  section 3, submit the exact
particulars of the identified area referred to in sub-section (2)
to (4) of that  section,  to the Central Government and
thereupon that Government may, after satisfying that the
requirements, under sub-section (8) of section 3 and other
requirements, as may be prescribed, are fulfilled, notify the
specifically identified area in the State as a Special Economic
Zone:
Establishment of
Special Economic
Zone and approval
and authorisation
to operate to,
Developer.
 Provided that an existing Special Economic Zone shall
be deemed to have been notified and established in accordance
with the provisions of this Act and the provisions of this Act
shall, as far as may be, apply to such Zone accordingly: 8
 Provided further that the Central Government may,
after notifying the Special Economic Zone, if it considers
appropriate, notify subsequently any additional area to be
included as a part of that Special Economic Zone.
(2) After the appointed day, the Board may, authorise the
Developer to undertake in a Special Economic Zone, such
operations which the Central Government may authorise.
5.   (1) The Central Government, while notifying any area as a
Special Economic Zone or an additional area to be included in
the Special Economic Zone and discharging its functions under
this Act, shall be guided by the following, namely:-
Guidelines for
notifying special
Economic Zone.
(a)  generation of additional economic activity
(b)  promotion of exports of goods and services;
(c) promotion of investment from domestic and foreign
sources;
(d)   creation of employment opportunities;
(e)  development of infrastructure facilities; and
f) maintenance of sovereignty  and integrity of India, the
security of the State and friendly relations with foreign States.
Processing and
non-processing
areas.
6.  The areas falling within the Special Economic Zones may
be demarcated by the Central Government  or any authority
specified by it as-
    (a) the processing area for setting up Units for activities,
being the manufacture of goods, or rendering services; or
    (b)   the area exclusively  for trading or warehousing
purposes; or
    (c) the non-processing areas for activities other than those
specified under clause (a) or clause (b).
Exemption
from taxes,
duties or cess.
7.   Any goods or services exported out of, or imported into, or
procured   from the Domestic Tariff Area by, -
(i) a Unit in a Special Economic Zone; or
(ii) a Developer;
shall, subject to such terms, conditions and limitations, as may 9
be prescribed, be exempt from the payment of taxes, duties or
cess under all enactments  specified in the First Schedule.
CHAPTER III
CONSTITUTION OF BOARD OF APPROVAL
Constitution of
Board of
Approval
8. (1) The Central Government shall, within fifteen days of the
commencement of this Act, by notification, constitute, for the
purposes of this Act, a Board to be called the Board of
Approval.
(2)  The Board shall consist of-
  (a)  an officer not below the rank of  an Additional Secretary
to the Government of India in the Ministry or Department of
the Central Government dealing with Commerce -
Chairperson, ex officio;

(b) two officers, not below the rank of a Joint Secretary to the
Government of India,  to be nominated by the Central
Government to represent the Ministry or Department of the
Central Govt. dealing with revenue – Members, ex officio;
(c) one officer not below the rank of Joint Secretary to the
Government of India to be nominated by the Central
Government the Ministry or Department of the Central
Government dealing with economic affairs (financial services)
– Members, ex officio;
(d)  such number of officers, not exceeding ten,  not below the
rank of the Joint Secretary to the Government of India,  to be
nominated  by the Central Government to represent the
Ministries or Departments of the  Central Government dealing
with commerce, industrial policy and promotion, science and
technology, small scale industries and agro and rural
industries, home affairs, defence, environment and forests, law,
overseas Indian affairs and urban development  -  Members, ex
officio;
(e) a nominee of the State Government concerned -   Member,
              ex officio; 

(f)  the Director General of Foreign Trade or his nominee -
     Member,  ex officio;
(g) the Development Commissioner concerned - Member,  ex
              officio;
(h)  a Professor in the Indian Institute of Management, being a
society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 or
the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, being a society registered
under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, as may be,
nominated by the Central Government - Member, ex officio;
21 of 1860.10
(i)   an officer not below the  rank of Deputy Secretary to the
Government of India dealing with the Special Economic Zones
in the Ministry or Department of the Central Government,
dealing with commerce  to be nominated by the Central
Government  -    Member-Secretary, ex officio:
 Provided that the member, being the Joint Secretary
nominated under clauses (b) to (d) of this sub-section, may, if
he is unable to attend the meeting of the Board, authorise any
other officer to attend the meeting of the Board on his behalf.
(3) The term of office of an ex officio Member shall come to
an end as soon as he ceases to hold the office by virtue of
which he was so nominated. 

(4) For the purpose of performing its functions, the Board may
co-opt as members such number of persons as it deems fit who
have special knowledge of, and practical experience in, matters
relating to, or relevant to activity connected with the Special
Economic Zones and any such person shall have the right to
take part in the discussions  of the Board but shall not be
counted for the quorum and shall not be a member for any
other purpose and such person shall be entitled to receive such
allowances or fees, as the case may be, fixed by the Board.
(5) The Board shall meet at such times and places as may be
appointed by it and shall have the power to regulate its own
procedure.
(6) One third of the total Members of the Board shall form a
quorum, and all the acts of the  Board shall be  decided by a
general consensus of the Members present.
(7) No act or proceeding of the Board shall be called in
question on the ground merely of existence of any vacancy in,
or any defect in the constitution of, the Board.
(8)  All orders and decisions  of the Board and all other
instruments issued by it shall be authenticated by the signature
of the Member-Secretary, or any other Member as may be
authorised by the Board in this behalf.
9. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Board shall
have the duty to promote and ensure orderly development of
the Special Economic Zones.
Duties, powers and
functions of Board.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions
contained in sub-section (1), the powers and functions of the
Board shall include –
  (a)   granting of approval or rejecting proposal or 11
modifying such proposals for establishment of the Special
Economic Zones;
  (b)  granting approval of authorised operations to be
carried out in the Special Economic Zones by the Developer;
  (c) granting of approval to the Developers or Units
(other than the Developers or the Units which are exempt from
obtaining approval under any  law or by the Central
Government) for foreign collaborations and foreign direct
investments, (including investments by a person resident
outside India), in the Special Economic Zone for its
development, operation and maintenance;
65 of 1951.
  (d) granting of approval or  rejecting of proposal for
providing infrastructure facilities in a Special Economic Zone
or modifying such proposals; 

  (e)     granting, notwithstanding anything contained in
the Industries (Development  and Regulation) Act, 1951, a
licence to an industrial undertaking referred to in clause (d) of
section 3 of that Act, if such undertaking is established, as a
whole or part thereof, or proposed to be established, in a
Special Economic Zone;
  (f)   suspension of the letter of approval granted to a
Developer and appointment of an Administrator under subsection (1) of section 10;
  (g)  disposing of appeals preferred under sub-section
(4) of section 15;
  (h) disposing of appeals preferred under sub-section (4)
of section 16;
  (i)  performing such other functions  as may be
assigned to it by the Central Government.
(3) The Board may if so required for purposes of this Act or
any other law for the time being in force relating to Special
Economic Zones, by notification, decide as to whether a
particular activity constitutes manufacture as defined in clause
(r) of clause 2 and such decision of the Board shall be binding
on all Ministries and Departments of the Central Government.
(4)  The Board may delegate  such powers and functions as it
may deem fit to one or more Development Commissioners for
effective and proper discharge of the functions of the Board.
(5) Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of this Act,
the Board shall, in exercise of its powers or the performance of
its functions under this Act, be bound by such directions on the 12
questions of policy as the Central Government may give in
writing to it from time to time.
(6)  The decision of the Central Government whether a
question is one of policy or not shall be final.
Suspension of
letter of
approval and
transfer of
Special
Economic
Zone in certain
cases.
10. (1)  If at any time the Board is of the opinion that a
Developer -
(a)    is unable to discharge the functions or perform the duties
imposed on him by or under the provisions of this Act or rules
made thereunder; or
(b)   has persistently defaulted in complying with any direction
given by the Board under this Act; or
(c)     has violated the terms and conditions of the letter of
approval; or
(d)    whose financial position is such that he is unable to fully
and efficiently discharge the duties and obligations imposed on
him by the letter of approval, and
the circumstances exist which render it necessary for it in
public interest so to do, the Board may, on application, or with
the consent of the Developer, or otherwise, for reasons to be
recorded in writing, suspend the letter of approval, granted to
the Developer for a whole or part of his area established as
Special Economic Zone, for a period not exceeding one year
and appoint an Administrator to discharge the functions of the
Developer in accordance with the terms and conditions of the
letter of approval and manage the Special Economic Zone
accordingly.
(2)   Consequent upon appointment of an Administrator, the
management of the Special Economic Zone of the Developer
referred to in sub-section (1) shall vest in the Administrator.
(3)   No letter of approval shall be suspended under sub-section
(1) unless the Board has given to the Developer not less than
three months’ notice, in writing, stating the grounds on which
it proposes to suspend the letter of approval, and has
considered any cause shown by the Developer within the
period of that notice, against the proposed suspension.
(4)   The Board may, instead of suspending the letter of
approval under sub-section (1), permit it to remain in force
subject to such further terms and conditions as it thinks fit to
impose, and any further terms or conditions so imposed shall
be binding upon and be complied with by the Developer and
shall be of like force and effect as if they were contained in the 13
letter of approval.
(5)    In case the Board suspends a letter of approval under this
section, it shall serve a notice of suspension upon the
Developer and fix a date on which the suspension shall take
effect.
(6)    Upon suspension of the  letter of approval under subsection (1), the Special Economic Zone of the Developer
referred to in sub-section (5) shall vest in the Administrator
under sub-section (2) for a period not exceeding one year or up
to the date on which his letter of approval for such Special
Economic Zone is transferred, whichever is earlier, in
accordance with the provisions contained in sub-sections (7)
and (9), as the case may be.
(7)   Where the Board has given notice for suspension of letter
of approval under sub-section (5), the Developer may, after
prior approval of the Board, transfer his letter of approval to
any person who is found eligible by the Board for grant of such
approval.
(8)   If at any time, it appears to the Board that the purpose of
the order appointing the Administrator has been fulfilled or
that for any reason it is undesirable that the order of
appointment should remain in force, the Board may cancel the
order and thereupon the Administrator shall be divested of the
management of the Special Economic Zone which shall, unless
otherwise directed by the Board, again vest in the person,
being the Developer, in whom it was vested immediately prior
to the date of appointment of the Administrator.
(9)   Where the Board suspends the letter of approval, under
this section, in respect of any Developer, the following
provisions shall apply, namely:- 

  (a)   the Board shall invite applications for transferring
the letter of approval of the Developer, whose approval has
been suspended and select the person or persons, in accordance
with the procedure as may be prescribed, to whom the letter of
approval of the Developer in the Special Economic Zone may
be transferred;
  (b)   upon selection of person or persons under subsection (a), the Board may, by  notice in writing, require the
Developer to transfer his letter of approval in a Special
Economic Zone to the person or  the persons so selected and
thereupon the Developer shall transfer his interests, rights and
liabilities in the Special Economic Zone (hereafter in this
section referred to as the “transferee”) who has been selected
by the Board on such terms and conditions and consideration 14
as may be agreed upon between the Developer and the
transferee;
  (c)   all the rights, duties,  obligations and liabilities of
the Developer, on and from the date of suspension of letter of
approval or on and from the date, if earlier, on which his letter
of approval in the Special Economic Zone of the Developer
has been transferred to the transferee, shall cease absolutely
except for any liabilities which have accrued prior to that date;
  (d)  the Board may make such interim arrangements in
regard to the operation of the Special Economic Zone as may
be considered appropriate;
  (e)  the Administrator shall exercise such powers and
discharge such functions as the Board may direct.
(10)   The Board may, in order to promote exports or to protect
the interest of Units or in the public interest, issue such
directions or formulate such scheme as it may consider
necessary for operation of the Special Economic Zone.
CHAPTER IV
DEVELOPMENT COMMISSIONER
11. (1) The Central Government  may appoint any of its
officers not below the rank of Deputy Secretary to the
Government of India as the Development Commissioner of
one or more Special Economic Zones.
Development
Commissioner.
          (2) The Central Government may appoint such officers
and   other employees as it considers necessary to assist the
Development Commissioner in the performance of his
functions in the Special Economic Zones established by a
Developer (other than Central Government) under this Act on
such terms and conditions as it deems fit.
         (3) Every Development Commissioner, officers and other
employee shall be entitled to such salary and allowances and
subject to such terms and  conditions of service in respect of
leave, pension, provident fund and other matters as may, from
time to time, be specified  by the Central Government.
.
 12. (1)  Every Development Commissioner shall take all steps
in order to discharge his functions under this Act to ensure
speedy development of the Special Economic Zone and
promotion of exports therefrom.
Functions of
Development
Commissioner
(2) Without prejudice to the  generality of the foregoing
provisions, the Development Commissioner shall- 15
  (a) guide the entrepreneurs for  setting up of Units in
the  Special Economic Zone;
  (b)  ensure and take suitable steps for effective
promotion of exports from the  Special    Economic Zone;
  (c) ensure  proper co-ordination with the Central
Government or  State Government Departments concerned or
agencies with respect to, or  for the purposes, of clauses  (a)
and (b);
  (d)   monitor the performance of the Developer and the
Units in a Special Economic Zone ;
  (e)  discharge  such other functions as may be assigned
to him by the Central Government under this Act or any other
law for the time being in force; and
  (f) discharge such other functions as may be delegated
to him by the Board.
(3) Every Development Commissioner shall be overall in
charge of the Special Economic Zone and shall exercise
administrative control and supervision over the officers and
employees appointed under sub-section (2) of section 11
(including the officials deputed to such Special Economic
Zone) to discharge any of the functions under this Act.
(4) Without prejudice to the  provisions of sub-section (1) to
(3), every Development Commissioner shall discharge such
functions and exercise such powers as may be delegated to him
by a general or special order by the Central Government or the
State Government concerned, as the case may be.
(5) Every Development Commissioner may call for such
information from a Developer or Unit from time to time as
may be necessary to monitor the performance of the Developer
or the Unit, as the case may be.
(6) The Development Commissioner, may, delegate any or all
of his powers or functions to  any of the officers employed
under him.
CHAPTER V
SINGLE WINDOW CLEARANCE
Constitution of
Approval
Committee.
13. (1) The Central Government shall,-
  (a)  in the case of existing Special Economic Zones,
within six months from the date of commencement of this Act; 16
  (b) in case of other  Special Economic Zones
established after the commencement of this Act, within six
months from the date of establishment of such Special
Economic Zone,
by notification, constitute a  Committee for every  Special
Economic Zone, to be called the Approval Committee to
exercise the powers and perform the functions specified in
section 14.
(2)  Every  Approval Committee shall consist of –
  (a)  the Development Commissioner - Chairperson, ex
officio; 

  (b)  two officers of the Central Government to be
nominated by the Central Government      -        Members,  ex
officio; 

  (c) two officers of the Central Government to represent
the Ministry or Department dealing with revenue – Members,
ex officio;
(d)  one officer of the Central Government to be
nominated by that Government to represent the Ministry or
Department dealing with the  economic affairs (financial
services) – Members, ex officio; 

 (e) two officers of the State Government concerned to
be nominated by that Stated Government – Member, ex
officio;
(f) a representative of the Developer concerned – Special
invitee.
(3) For the purpose of exercising its powers and performing its
functions, the Approval Committee may invite to its meetings,
such persons as the Committee deems fit, whose assistance or
advice it may consider necessary.
(4) Every Approval Committee shall meet at such times
and places as it considers necessary and shall have the power
to regulate its own procedure. 

(5) One half of the total Members of the Approval
Committee shall form a quorum, and all the acts of the 17
Approval Committee shall be decided by a general consensus
of the Members present.
Provided that in case the Approval Committee is unable
to decide any matter by a general consensus, such matter shall
stand referred to the Board of Approval.
(6) No act of the Approval Committee shall be called in
question on the ground merely of existence of any vacancy in,
or any defect in the constitution of, the Approval Committee.
(7) All orders and decisions of the Approval Committee
and all other communications  issued by it shall be
authenticated by the signature of the Chairperson or any other
member as may be authorised by the Approval Committee in
this behalf.
(8) The term of office of an ex officio Member shall come to
an end as soon as he ceases to hold the office by virtue of
which he was so nominated.
14. (1) Every Approval Committee may discharge the
functions and exercise the powers in respect of the following
matters, namely:-
Powers and
functions of
Approval
Committee.
(a)  approve the import or procurement of goods from the
Domestic Tariff Area, in the Special Economic Zone for
carrying on the authorised operations by a Developer;
(b)  approve the providing of services by a service provider,
from outside India, or from  the Domestic Tariff Area, for
carrying on the authorised operations by the Developer, in the
Special Economic Zone;
(c)   monitor the utilisation of goods or services or
warehousing or trading in the Special Economic Zone;
(d)   approve, modify or reject proposals for setting up Units
for manufacturing or rendering  services or warehousing or
trading in the Special Economic Zone [other than the grant of
licence under clause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 9] in
accordance with the provisions of sub-section (8) of section 15;
Provided that where the Approval Committee is unable
to decide whether a particular process constitutes manufacture
or not, it shall refer the same to the Board of Approval for a
decision.
(e)  allow, on receipt of approval under clause (c) of subsection (2) of section 9, foreign collaborations and foreign 18
direct investments (including investments by a person outside
India) for setting up a Unit;
(f)  monitor and supervise compliance of conditions subject to
which the letter of approval or permission, if any, has been
granted to the Developer or entrepreneur; and
(g)  perform such other functions as may be entrusted to it by
the Central Government or the State Government concerned, as
the case may be.
(2) The Approval Committee shall not discharge such
functions and exercise such powers in relation to a Developer,
being the Central Government, as may be specified by
notification by the Central Government.
 Provided that till such time, the Approval Committee is
constituted, the concerned Development Commissioner shall
discharge all functions and exercise all powers of the Approval
Committee.
15. (1) Any person, who intends to set up a Unit for carrying
on the authorised operations in a Special Economic Zone, may
submit a proposal to the Development Commissioner
concerned in such form and manner containing such particulars
as may be prescribed:
 Provided that an existing Unit shall be deemed to have
been set up in accordance with the provisions of this Act and
such Units shall not require approval under this Act.
Setting up of Unit.
          (2) On receipt of the proposal under sub-section (1), the
Development Commissioner shall submit the same to the
Approval Committee for its approval. 

          (3) The Approval Committee may, either approve the
proposal without modification, or approve the proposal with
modifications subject to such terms and conditions as it may
deem fit to impose, or  reject the proposal in accordance with
the provisions of sub-section (8):
 Provided that in case of modification or rejection of a
proposal, the Approval Committee shall afford a reasonable
opportunity of being heard to the person concerned and after
recording the reasons, either modify or reject the proposal.
(4)   Any person aggrieved, by an order of the Approval
Committee, made under sub-section (3), may prefer an appeal
to the Board within such time as may be prescribed.
(5)   No appeal shall be admitted if it is preferred after the 19
expiry of the time prescribed therefor:
 Provided that an appeal may be admitted after the
expiry of the period prescribed therefor if the appellant
satisfies the Board that he had sufficient cause for not
preferring the appeal within the prescribed time.
(6)   Every appeal made under sub-section (4) shall be in such
form and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order appealed
against and by such fees as may be prescribed.
(7)    The procedure for disposing of an appeal shall be such as
may be prescribed:
 Provided that before disposing of an appeal, the
appellant shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being
heard.
(8) The Central Government may prescribe,-
  (a) the requirements (including the period for which a
Unit may be set up) subject to which the Approval Committee
shall approve, modify or reject any proposal referred to in subsection (3);
  (b)  the terms and conditions, subject to which the Unit
shall undertake the authorised  operations and its obligations
and entitlements. 

(9) The Development Commissioner may, after approval of the
proposal referred to in sub-section (3), grant a letter of
approval to the person concerned to set up a Unit and
undertake such operations which the Development
Commissioner may authorise and every such operation so
authorised shall be mentioned in the letter of approval.
Cancellation of
letter of
approval to
entrepreneur.
16. (1) The Approval Committee may, at any time, if it has any
reason or cause to believe that the entrepreneur has persistently
contravened any of the terms and conditions or its obligations
subject to which the letter of approval was granted to the
entrepreneur, cancel the letter of approval:
 Provided that no such letter of approval shall be
cancelled unless the entrepreneur has been afforded a
reasonable opportunity of being heard.
(2) Where the letter of approval has been cancelled under subsection (1), the Unit shall not from the date of such
cancellation, be entitled to any exemption, concession, benefit 20
or deduction available to it, being a Unit, under this Act.
(3) Without prejudice to the provisions of this Act, the
entrepreneur whose letter of approval has been cancelled under
sub-section (1), shall remit, the exemption, concession,
drawback and any other benefit  availed by him in respect of
the capital goods, finished goods lying in stock and unutilised
raw materials relatable to his Unit, in such manner as may be
prescribed.
(4)   Any person aggrieved by  an order of the Approval
Committee made under sub-section (1), may prefer an appeal
to the Board within such time as may be prescribed.
(5)   No appeal shall be admitted if it is preferred after the
expiry of the time prescribed therefor:
 Provided that an appeal may be admitted after the
expiry of the period prescribed therefor if the appellant
satisfies the Board that he had sufficient cause for not
preferring the appeal within the prescribed time.
(6)   Every appeal made under sub-section (4) shall be in such
form and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order appealed
against and by such fees as may be prescribed.
(7)   The procedure for disposing of an appeal shall be such as
may be prescribed:
 Provided that before disposing of an appeal, the
appellant shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being
heard.
Setting up and
operation of
Offshore
Banking Unit.
17. (1) An application for setting up and operation of an
Offshore Banking Unit in a Special Economic Zone may be
made to the Reserve Bank in such form and manner as may be
prescribed.
       (2) On receipt of an application under sub-section (1), the
Reserve Bank shall, if it is satisfied that the applicant fulfills
all the conditions specified under sub-section (3), grant
permission to such applicant for setting up and operation of an
Off-shore Banking Unit.
      (3) The Reserve Bank may, by notification, specify the
terms and conditions subject to which an Offshore Banking
Unit may be set up and operated in the Special Economic
Zone.
18.  (1) The Central Government may approve the setting up of  Setting up of 21
an International Financial Services Centre in a Special
Economic Zone and may prescribe the requirements for setting
up and operation of such Center:
 Provided that the Central  Government shall approve
only one International  Financial Services Centre in a Special
Economic Zone.
International
Financial Services
Centre.
        (2) The Central Government may, subject to such
guidelines as may be framed by the Reserve Bank, the
Securities and Exchange Board of India, the Insurance
Regulatory and Development  Authority and such other
concerned authorities, as it  deems fit, prescribe the
requirements for setting up and the terms and conditions of the
operation of Units in an International Financial Services
Centre. 

19.  Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for
the time being in force, the Central Government may, if
required, -
  (a)  prescribe a single application form for obtaining
any licence, permission or registration or approval by a
Developer, or an entrepreneur  under one or more Central Acts;
Single application
form, return, etc.
  (b)   authorise the Board, the Development
Commissioner or  Approval Committee, to exercise the powers
of the Central Government   on matters relating to the
development of a Special Economic Zone;  or setting up and
operation of units;
  (c)  prescribe a single form  for furnishing returns or
information by a Developer or an  entrepreneur  under one or
more Central Acts.
20.   Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for
the time being in force, the Central Government may, by
notification, specify any officer or agency to carry out surveys
or inspections for securing of  compliance with the provisions
of any Central Act by a Developer or an entrepreneur, as the
case may be, and such officer or agency shall submit
verification and compliance reports, in such manner and within
such time as may be specified in the said notification.
Agency to inspect.
21.  (1) The Central Government may, by notification, specify
any act or omission made punishable under any Central Act, as
notified offence for purposes of this Act.
Single enforcement
officer or agency
for notified
offences.
      (2) The Central Government may, by general or special
order, authorise any officer or agency to be the enforcement 22
officer or agency in respect  of any notified offences or
committed in a Special Economic Zone. 

    (3) Every officer or agency authorised under sub-section (2)
shall have all the corresponding powers of investigation,
inspection or search or seizure as is provided under the
relevant Central Act in respect of the notified offences.
22.   The agency or officer,  specified under section 20 or
section 21, may, with prior intimation to the Development
Commissioner concerned, carry out the investigation or search
or seizure in the Special Economic Zone or in a Unit if such
agency or officer has reasons to believe (reasons to be recorded
in writing) that a notified offence has been committed or is
likely to be committed in the Special Economic Zone:
 Provided that no investigation, search or seizure shall
be carried out in a Special Economic Zone by any agency or
officer other than those referred to in sub-section (2) or subsection of section 21 without prior approval of the
Development Commissioner concerned.
 Provided further that any officer of agency, if so
authorised by the Central Government, may carry out the
investigation, inspection, search or seizure in the Special
Economic Zone or Unit without prior intimation or approval of
the Development Commissioner.
Investigation,
inspection and
search or seizure.
Designated
Courts to try
suits and
notified
offences.
23. (1)  The State Government, in which the Special Economic
Zone is situated, may, with  the concurrence of the Chief
Justice of the High Court of that State, designate one or more
courts- 

   (a) to try all suits of a civil  nature arising in the Special
Economic Zone; and
   (b) to try notified offences committed in the Special
Economic Zone.
         (2).  No court, other than the court designated under subsection (1), shall try any suit or conduct the trial of any notified
offence referred to in that sub-section:
 Provided that the courts, in which any suit of a civil
nature in a Special Economic Zone had been filed before the
commencement of this Act, shall continue to try such suit after
such commencement:
 Provided further that the courts in which any trial of
any notified offence is being conducted before the
commencement of this Act, shall continue to conduct the trial 23
of such offence after the commencement of this Act:
 Provided also that the courts competent to try any
notified offence before the commencement of this Act, shall
conduct the trial in respect  of such offence after the
commencement of this Act until the courts have been
designated under sub-section (1) and all such cases relating to
such trials shall thereafter be transferred to such Courts so
designated which shall conduct the trial from the stage at
which such cases were so transferred. 

Appeal to High
Court.
24. Any person aggrieved, by any decision or order of the court
designated under sub-section (1) of section 23, may file an
appeal to the High Court within sixty days from the date of
communication of the decision or order of the Courts so
designated to him on any question of fact or law arising out of
such orders:
 Provided that the High Court may, if it is satisfied that
the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing an
appeal within the said period,  allow it to be  filed within a
further period not exceeding sixty days.
Explanation.- In section 23 and this section “High Court”
means the High Court of the State in which the Special
Economic Zone is situated.
Offences by
companies.
25. (1) Where an offence has been committed by a company,
every person, who at the time the offence was committed was
in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the
conduct of the business of the company, as well as the
company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall
be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:
 Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section
shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided
for the offence, if he has proved that the offence was
committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all
due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1),
where an offence has been committed by a company and it is
proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or
connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of,
any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the
company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer
shall also be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be
liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this section,- 24
(a) “company” means any body corporate and includes a
firm or other association of individuals; and
(b) “director”, in relation to a firm, means a partner in the
firm.
CHAPTER VI
Special Fiscal Provisions for Special Economic Zones
52 of 1962
51 of 1975
26. (1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), every
Developer and the entrepreneur shall be entitled to the
following exemptions, drawbacks and concessions,  namely: -
Exemptions,
drawbacks and
concessions to
every Developer
and entrepreneur.
52 of 1962.
51 of 1975.
1 of 1944.
5 of 1986.
(a) exemption from any duty of customs, under the
Customs Act, 1962 or the Custom Tariff Act, 1975  or any
other law for the time being in force, on goods imported into,
or service provided  in, a Special Economic Zone or a Unit, to
carry on the authorised operations by the Developer or
entrepreneur; 

(b)  exemption from any duty of customs, under the
Customs Act, 1962 or the Customs Tariff Act, 1975   or any
other law for the time being in force, on goods exported from,
or services provided,  from a Special Economic Zone or from a
Unit, to any place outside India:
(c) exemption from any duty of excise, under the Central
Excise Act, 1944  or the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985 or any
other law for the time being in force, on goods brought from
Domestic Tariff Area to a Special Economic Zone or Unit, to
carry on the authorised operations by the Developer or
entrepreneur;
(d) drawback or such other benefits as may be admissible from
time to time on goods brought or services provided from the
Domestic Tariff Area into a Special Economic Zone or Unit or
services provided in a Special Economic Zone or Unit by the
service providers located outside India to carry on the
authorised operations by the Developer or entrepreneur;
32 of 1994.
23 of 2004.
(e) exemption from service tax under Chapter-V of the
Finance Act, 1994 on taxable services provided  to a Developer
or Unit to carry on the authorised operations in a Special
Economic Zone;
(f)  exemption from the securities transaction tax leviable under
section 98 of the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2004 in case the taxable
securities transactions are  entered into by a non-resident
through the International Financial Services Centre; 25
74 of 1956.
(g) exemption from the levy of taxes on the sale or purchase of
goods other than newspapers under the Central Sales Tax Act,
1956 if such goods are meant to carry on the authorised
operations by the Developer or entrepreneur.
(2) The Central Government may prescribe the manner in
which, and the terms and conditions subject to which, the
exemptions, concessions, drawback or other benefits shall be
granted to the Developer or entrepreneur under sub-section (1).
43 of 1961.  27.  The provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, as in force for
the time being, shall apply to, or in relation to, the Developer
or entrepreneur for carrying on the authorised operations in a
Special Economic Zone or Unit subject to the modifications
specified in the Second Schedule.
Provisions of
Income-tax Act,
1961 to apply with
certain
modification in
relation to
Developers and
entrepreneurs.
28. The Central Government may prescribe the period during
which any goods brought into, or services provided in, any
Unit or Special Economic Zone  without payment of taxes,
duties or cess shall remain or continue to be provided in such
Unit or Special Economic Zone.
Duration of goods
or services in
Special Economic
Zones.
Transfer of
ownership and
removal of
goods.
29. The transfer of ownership  in any goods brought into, or
produced or manufactured in, any Unit or Special Economic
Zone or removal thereof from  such Unit or Zone shall be
allowed, subject to such terms  and conditions as the Central
Government may prescribe.
Domestic
clearance by
Units.
30. Subject to the conditions specified in the rules made by the
Central Government in this behalf:-
(a)  any goods removed from a Special Economic Zone to the
Domestic Tariff Area shall be chargeable to duties of customs
including anti-dumping, countervailing and safeguard duties
under the Customs Tariff Act,  1975, where applicable, as
leviable on such goods when imported; and
(b) the rate of duty and tariff valuation, if any,  applicable to
goods removed from a Special Economic Zone shall be at the
rate and tariff valuation in force as on the date of such removal,
and where such date is not ascertainable, on the date of
payment of duty.   

CHAPTER VII
SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE AUTHORITY26
Constitution of
Authority.
31. (1) The Central Government shall, by notification in the
Official Gazette, constitute, for every Special Economic Zone
established by it before the commencement of this Act or
which may be established by it after such commencement by
the Central Government, an Authority to be called the ………
(name of the Special Economic Zone) Authority to exercise the
powers conferred on, and discharge the functions assigned to,
it under this Act:
 Provided that in respect  of existing Special Economic
Zone established by the Central Government, such Authority
shall be constituted by the Central Government within six
months from the date of commencement of this Act:
 Provided further that until such Authority is
constituted, the person or the authority including the
Development Commissioner exercising control over such
existing Special Economic Zones  shall continue to exercise
such control over the Special Economic Zones till the
Authority is constituted.
(2) Every Authority shall be  a body corporate by the name
aforesaid, having perpetual  succession and a common seal,
with a power, subject to the provisions of this Act, to acquire,
hold and dispose of property, both movable and immovable,
and to contract and shall, by the said name, sue and be sued.
   (3) The head office of every Authority shall be at such place
as the Central Government may specify in the notification
referred to in sub-section (1).
   (4) Any Authority may, with the previous approval of the
Central Government, establish branch offices at other places in
India.
   (5) Every Authority shall consist of  -
(a)  the Development Commissioner of the Special Economic
Zone over which the Authority exercises its jurisdiction -
        Chairperson, ex officio;
(b) two officers of the Central Government to be nominated by
that Government having knowledge of, or experience in,
dealing with matters relating to Special Economic Zones  -
            Members, ex officio;
(c) an officer of the Government  of India in the Ministry or
Department dealing with Commerce on matters relating to
Special Economic Zone -     Member, ex officio; 27
(d) not more than two persons  being entrepreneurs or their
nominee, to be nominated by the Central Government   -
              Members,
ex officio;.
   (6) The term of office of the Members of an Authority (other
than ex officio Members) and the manner of filling of
vacancies shall be such as may be prescribed.
   (7) An Authority may associate with itself in such manner,
subject to such conditions and for such purposes as may be
prescribed, any person whose assistance or advice it requires in
discharging its functions effectively and that person shall be
entitled to receive such allowances or fees as may be fixed by
the Authority.
  (8)  One third of the total Members of the Authority shall
form a quorum, and all the acts of the Authority shall be
decided by a majority of the Members present.
  (9) No act or proceeding of an Authority shall be invalidated
merely by reason of-
  (a) any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of,
the Authority; or
  (b) any defect in the appointment of a person acting as
a Member of the Authority; or
  (c) any irregularity in the procedure of the Authority
not affecting the merits of the case.
(10) Every Authority shall meet at such times and places and
shall observe such rules of  procedure in regard to the
transaction of business at its  meetings (including quorum at
such meetings) as may be prescribed.
 32. (1) Every Development Commissioner of the Special
Economic Zone for which he is appointed as such shall be the
chief executive of the Authority concerned and exercise such
powers and perform such functions as may be prescribed.
   (2) Every Authority may, in addition to the officers and
employees transferred to it  under section 33, appoint such
other officers and employees, as it considers necessary for the
efficient discharge of its functions under this Act.
     (3) The method of appointment, the conditions of service
and the scales of pay and allowances of such other officers and
employees appointed under sub-section (2) shall be such as
Officers of
Authority and other
staff. 28
may be prescribed.
33. (1) It shall be lawful for the Central Government to transfer
to each Authority, by order, and with effect from such date or
dates, as may be specified in  the order, any officer or other
employee holding office as such (except officers or other
employees on deputation) in  the existing Special Economic
Zone concerned:
Special provision
for transfer of
officers or other
employees to
Authority.
      Provided that the scale  of pay of the post to which such
officer or other employee is transferred shall not be lower than
the scale of pay of the post which he was holding immediately
before such transfer and the other terms and conditions of
service (including pension, leave, provident fund and medical
benefits) of the post to which he is transferred shall not be less
favourable than the terms and conditions of service in relation
to the post held by him immediately before such transfer:
       Provided further that if, immediately before the date of his
transfer, any such officer or other employee is officiating in a
higher post under the Central Government either in a leave
vacancy or in any vacancy of a specified duration, his pay and
other allowances, if any, on transfer, shall be protected for the
unexpired period of such vacancy and thereafter he shall be
entitled to the scale of pay applicable to the post under the
Central Government to which he would have reverted but for
his transfer to the Authority.
   (2)  If any question arises as to whether the prescribed terms
and conditions of service in respect of any matter, including
remuneration, pension, leave, provident fund and medical
benefits, are less favourable than those attached to the post
held by an officer or other employee immediately before his
transfer to the Authority, the decision of the Central
Government in the matter shall be final.
34. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, it shall be the duty
of each Authority to undertake such measures as it thinks fit
for the development, operation and management of the Special
Economic Zone for which it is constituted.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of
sub-section (1),  the measures referred to therein may provide
for -
  (a) the development of infrastructure in the Special
Economic Zone;
  (b) promoting exports from the Special Economic
Zone;
Functions of
Authority. 29
  (c) reviewing the functioning  and performance of the
Special Economic Zone;
  (d) levy user or service charges or fees or rent for the
use of properties belonging to the Authority;
  (e) performing such other functions as may be
prescribed.
Grants and
loans by
Central
Government.
35. The Central Government may, after due appropriation
made by Parliament by law in this behalf, make to every
Authority by way of grants and loans such sums of money
as that Government may think fit for being utilised for the
purposes of this Act.
Constitution of
Fund and its
application.
36. (1)  There shall be established  by every Authority a Fund
to be called the ……….(the name of the Special Economic
Zone concerned) Authority Fund and there shall be credited
thereto -
(a) all sums of money, which  the Central Government may,
after due appropriation made   by Parliament by law in this
behalf, provide to the Authority;
(b) all grants or loans that may be made  to the Authority under
this Act;
(c) all sums  received on account of user or service charges or
fees or rent for the use of properties belonging to the
Authority;
(d) all sums received by the Authority from such other sources
as may be decided upon by the Central Government.
   (2) The Fund shall be applied for meeting –
(a) the salaries, allowances and other remuneration of the
members, officers and other employees of the Authority;
(b) the expenses  of the Authority in the discharge of its
functions under section 34;  

(c) repayment of any loan;
(d) the expenses on objects and for purposes authorised by this
Act;
(e) meeting any other administrative expenses of the Authority.
Accounts and  37. (1) Every Authority shall maintain proper accounts and 30
audit.  other relevant records and prepare an annual statement of
accounts in such form as may be prescribed by the Central
Government, in consultation with the Comptroller and
Auditor-General of India.
(2) The accounts of every Authority shall be audited by the
Comptroller and Auditor-General of India at such intervals as
may be specified by him and any expenditure incurred in
connection with such audit shall be payable by the Authority to
the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
(3) The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or any
person appointed by him in connection with the audit of the
accounts of the Authority shall have the same rights and
privileges and authority in connection with such audit as the
Comptroller and Auditor-General generally has in connection
with the audit of the Government accounts and, in particular,
shall have the right to demand the production of books,
accounts, connected vouchers and other documents and papers
and to inspect any of the offices of the Authority.
(4) The accounts of every Authority as certified by the
Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or any other person
appointed by him in this behalf together with the audit report
thereon shall be forwarded annually to the Central Government
and the Central Government shall cause the same to be laid
before each House of Parliament.
Directions by
Central
Government.
38.  Every Authority shall be bound to carry out such
directions as may be issued to it from time to time by the
Central Government for the efficient administration of this Act.
Returns and
reports.
39. (1) Every Authority shall furnish to the Central
Government at such time and in such form and manner as may
be prescribed or as the Central Government may direct, such
returns and statements and such particulars in regard to the
promotion and development of  exports and the operation and
maintenance of the Special Economic Zone and Units as the
Central Government may, from time to time, require.
    (2) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (1),
every Authority shall, as soon as possible, after the end of each
financial year, submit to the Central Government a report in
such form and before such date, as may be prescribed, giving a
true and full account of its activities, policy and programmes
during the previous financial year.
  (3) A copy of every report  received under sub-section (2)
shall be laid, as soon as may be, after it is received, before each
House of Parliament.  31
40. (1) If at any time the Central Government is of the opinion
that an Authority is unable to perform, or has persistently made
default in the performance of, the duty imposed on it by or
under this Act or has exceeded or abused its powers, or has
wilfully or without sufficient cause, failed to comply with any
direction issued by the Central Government under section 38,
the Central Government may, by  notification, supersede that
Authority for such period not exceeding six months, as may be
specified in the notification:
Power to supersede
Authority.
       Provided that before issuing a notification under this subsection, the Central Government shall give reasonable time to
that Authority to make representation against the proposed
supersession and shall consider the representations, if any, of
the Authority.
(2) Upon the publication of a notification under sub-section (1)
superseding the Authority, -
    (a) the Chairperson and other Members of the Authority
shall, notwithstanding that their term of office has not expired
as from the date of supersession, vacate their offices as such;
    (b) all the powers, functions  and duties which may, by or
under the provisions of this Act, be exercised or discharged by
or on behalf of the Authority  shall, during the period of
supersession, be exercised and performed by such person or
persons as the Central Government may direct;
   (c)  all property vested in the Authority shall, during the
period of supersession, vest in the Central Government.
(3) On the expiration of the period of supersession specified in
the notification issued under sub-section (1), the Central
Government may -
   (a) extend the period of supersession for such further period
not exceeding six months; or
    (b) reconstitute the Authority in the manner provided in
section  31.
45 of 1860.
41. All Members, officers and  other employees of every
Authority, shall, when acting or purporting to act in pursuance
of any of the provisions of  this Act or the rules made
thereunder, be deemed to be public servants within the
meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code.
Members, officers
and other
employees of
Authority to be
public servants.
CHAPTER VIII 32
MISCELLANEOUS
42.(1)  Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law
for the time being in force, if –
(a) any dispute of civil nature arises among two or more
entrepreneurs or two or more Developers or between an
entrepreneur and a Developer in the Special Economic Zone;
and
(b)  the court or the courts to try suits in respect of such dispute
had not been designated under sub-section (1) of section 23,
 such dispute shall be referred to arbitration:
Provided that no dispute shall be referred to the
arbitration on or after the date of the designation of court or
courts under sub-section (1) of section 23.
Reference of
dispute.
(2)  Where a dispute has been referred to arbitration under subsection (1), the same shall be settled or decided by the
arbitrator to be appointed by the Central Government.
.
(3)  Save as otherwise provided under this Act, the provisions
of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 shall apply to all
arbitration under this Act as if the proceedings for arbitration
were referred in settlement or decision under provisions of the
Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
26 of 1996
Limitation.
43. (1) The period of limitation in the case of any dispute
which is required to be referred to arbitration shall be regulated
by the provisions of the Limitation Act, 1963, as if the dispute
was a suit and the arbitrator is civil court.
36 of 1963.
(2)  Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the
arbitrator may admit a dispute after the expiry of the period of
limitation, if the applicant satisfies the arbitrator that he had
sufficient causes for not referring the dispute within such
period.
Applicability
of provisions
of this Act to
existing
Special
Economic
Zones.
44. All the provisions of this Act (except sections 3 and 4)
shall, as far as may be apply, to every existing Special
Economic Zones.
Person to
whom a
communication
may be sent
under this Act.
45. A communication by any competent authority or person
under this Act may be sent to the person who has the ultimate
control over the affairs of the Special Economic Zone or Unit
or where the said affairs are entrusted to a manager, director, 33
chairperson, or managing director, or to any other officer, by
whatever name called, such communication may be sent to
such manager, director, chairperson, or managing director, or
any other officer.
Identity Card.  46. Every person, whether employed or residing or required to
be present in a Special Economic Zone, shall be provided an
identity card by every Development Commissioner of such
Special Economic Zone, in such form and containing such
particulars as may be prescribed.
Autorités
responsable for
administration.
47.  Any authority which, has been conferred upon any power,
or, is, required discharging any function under any Central or
State Act, may, subject to the provisions of this Act, exercise
such powers or discharge such function in any Special
Economic Zone under that Act.
Protection of
action taken in
good faith.
48.  No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie
against the Central Government or any Chairperson, Member,
officer or other employee of the Board Approval Committee or
the Authority or Development Commissioner for anything
done or intended to be done in good faith under this Act.
Power to
modify
provisions of
this Act or
other
enactments in
relation to
Special
Economic
Zones.
49. (1) The Central Government may, by notification, direct
that any of the provisions of this Act (other than sections 54
and 56) or any other Central Act or any rules or regulations
made thereunder or any notification or order issued or direction
given thereunder (other than the provisions relating to making
of the rules or regulations) specified in the notification--
(a) shall not apply to a Special  Economic Zone or a class of
Special Economic Zones or all Special Economic Zones; or
(b) shall apply  to a Special Economic Zone or a class of
Special Economic Zones or all Special Economic Zones only
with such exceptions, modifications and adaptation, as may be
specified in the notification.  

Provided that nothing contained in this section shall apply to
any modifications of any Central Act or any rules or
regulations made thereunder or any notification or order issued
or direction given or scheme made thereunder so far as such
modification, rule, regulation, notification, order or direction or
scheme relates to the matters relating to trade unions, industrial
and labour disputes, welfare of labour  including conditions of
work, provident funds, employers’ liability, workmen’s
compensation, invalidity and old age pensions and maternity
benefits applicable in any Special Economic Zones.
(2) A copy of every notification proposed to be issued under 34
sub-section (1), shall be laid in draft before each House of
Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty
days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more
successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session
immediately following the session or the successive sessions
aforesaid, both Houses agree in disapproving the issue of the
notification or both Houses agree in making any modification
in the notification, the notification shall not be issued or, as the
case may be, shall be issued only in such modified form as
may be agreed upon by both the Houses.
50.  The State Government may,  for the purposes of giving
effect to the provisions of this Act, notify policies for
Developers and Units and take suitable steps for enactment of
any law:-
(a) granting exemption from the State taxes, levies and
duties to the Developer or the entrepreneur;
(b) delegating the powers conferred upon any person or
authority under any State Act to the Development
Commissioner in relation to the Developer or the
entrepreneur. 

Power of State
Government to
grant exemption.
51. (1) The provisions of this Act shall have effect
notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in
any other law for the time being in force or in any instrument
having effect by virtue of any law other than this Act.
Act to have
overriding effect.
52 of 1962
52. The provision contained in the Chapter X-A of the
Customs Act, 1962 and the Special Economic Zones Rules,
2003 and the Special Economic Zones (Customs Procedure)
Regulations, 2003 made thereunder shall not with effect from
such date as the Central Government by notification appoint,
apply to the Special Economic Zones.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), all
offences committed, before the commencement of this Act,
under any provisions of Customs Act, 1962 and the Special
Economic Zones Rules, 2003 and the Special Economic Zones
(Customs Procedure) Regulations, 2003 made thereunder, shall
continue to be governed by the said Act or rules, as the case
may be.
Certain provisions
not to apply.
(3) Anything done or any action taken or purported to have
been done or taken including any rule, notification, inspection,
order or notice made or issued or any permission, authorisation
or exemption granted or any document or instrument executed
under the said provisions of the Act, rules and regulations
referred to in sub-section (1) shall, in so far as they are not
inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have 35
been done or taken or made or issued or granted under the
corresponding provisions of the Act or rules referred to in that
sub-section.
52 of 1962.
53.  A Special Economic Zone shall, on and from the
appointed day, be deemed to be a territory outside the customs
territory of India for the purposes of undertaking the authorized
operations.
(2)  A Special Economic Zone shall, with effect from such date
as Central Government may notify, be deemed to be a port,
inland container depot, land station and land customs stations,
as the case may be, under section 7 of the Customs Act, 1962:
 Provided that for the purposes of this section, the
Central Government may notify  different dates for different
Special Economic Zones.
Special Economic
Zones to be ports,
airports, inland
container depots,
land stations, etc.
in certain cases.
54. (1) The Central Government may, having regard to the
objects of this Act, and if it considers necessary or expedient
so to do, by notification add to,  or as the case may be, omit
from the First Schedule any enactment specified therein.
(2) A copy of every notification proposed to be issued under
sub-section (1), shall be laid in draft before each House of
Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty
days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more
successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session
immediately following the session or the successive sessions
aforesaid, both houses agree in disapproving the issue of the
notification or both Houses agree in making any modification
in the notification, the notification, the notification shall not be
issued or, as the case may be , shall be issued only in such
modified form as may be agreed upon by both the House.
Amendment to
First Schedule.
55. (1) The Central Government  may, by notification, make
rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act.
(2)    In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of
the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of
the following matters, namely:-
Power to make
rules.
(a)  the infrastructure facilities necessary for the development
of the Special Economic Zones under clause (p) and services in
the Special Economic Zones under clause (z) of section 2;
(b)  the period within which the person concerned shall obtain
the concurrence of the State Government under sub-section (3)
of section 3;  36
(c) the form and the manner in which  a proposal  may be made
and the particulars to be contained therein under sub-section
(5) of section 3;
(d)  the period within which the State Government may
forward the proposal together  with its recommendation under
sub-section (6) of section 3;
(e)  the requirements subject to which the Board may approve,
modify or reject the proposal under sub-section (8) of section
3;
(f)  the period within which the grant of letter of approval shall
be communicated to the State Government or Developer or
entrepreneur under sub-section (10) of section 3;
(g)  the other requirements  for notifying the specifically
identified area in a State as a Special Economic Zone under
sub-section (1) of section 4;
(h)  the terms, conditions and limitations  subject to which  the
goods or services exported out of, or imported into, or
procured from the Domestic Tariff Area to, a Special
Economic Zone, be exempt  from payment of taxes, duties or
cess  under section 7;
(i)  the procedure for transfer of letter of approval in case of
suspension of letter of approval of a Developer under clause
(a) of sub-section (9) of section 10;
(j) the form and the manner in which a proposal may be
submitted and the particulars to be contained therein  under
sub-section (1) of section 15;
(k)   the time within which a person aggrieved by the order of
the Approval Committee may prefer an appeal under subsection (4) of section 15;
(l)   the form in which the appeal shall be made and the fees for
making such appeal under sub-section (6) of section 15;
(m)   the procedure for disposing of an appeal under subsection (7) of section 15;
(n)  the requirements (including the period for which a unit
may be set up) subject to which the proposal  may be
approved, modified or rejected under clause (a) of sub-section
(8) of section 15;
(o)  the terms and conditions, for the Unit subject to which it 37
shall undertake authorised operations under clause (b) of subsection (8) of section 15 and the obligations and entitlements
of the Unit;
(p)  the time within which a person aggrieved by the order of
the Approval Committee may prefer an appeal under subsection (4) of section 16;
(q)   the form in which the appeal shall be made and the fees
for making such appeal under sub-section (6) of section 16;
(r)  the procedure for disposing of an appeal under sub-section
(7) of section 16;
(s)  the  form and the manner in which an  application  may be
made for setting up of an Offshore Banking Unit in a Special
Economic Zone under sub-section (1) of section 17; and
(t) the requirements for setting up and operation of an
International Financial Services Centre in a Special Economic
Zone under sub-section (1) of section 18 ;
(u) the requirements and terms and conditions subject to which
a Unit in the International Financial Services Centre may be set
up and operated in Special Economic Zone under sub-section
(2) of section 18;
(v) the form of single application for obtaining any licence,
permission or registration or approval under clause (a) of
section 19;
(w)  the form of single return or information to be furnished by
an entrepreneur or Developer under clause (c) of section 19;
(x) the  manner in which and the terms and the conditions
subject to which the exemptions concessions, draw back or
other benefits shall be granted to every Developer and
entrepreneur under sub-section (2) of section 26;
(y) the period during which any goods brought into, or services
provided in, any Special Economic Zone shall remain or
continue to be provided in  such Unit or Special Economic
Zone under section 28;
(z)   the terms and conditions subject to which transfer in
ownership of any goods brought into, or produced or
manufactured in, any Unit or Special Economic Zone, or
removal thereof from such Unit or the Zone, shall be allowed
under section 29;
(za)   the conditions subject to which the Units shall be entitled 38
to sell the goods manufactured in a Special Economic Zone to
the Domestic Tariff Area under section 30;
(zb)   the  term of office of  the Members, other than ex officio
Members, of  every  Authority and the manner of filling of
vacancies  under sub-section (6) of section 31;
(zc)  the manner in which and the conditions subject to which
and the purposes for which any person may be associated
under sub-section (7) of section 31;
(zd)  the times and the places of meetings and the procedure to
be followed in the transaction of business meeting under subsection (10) of section 31;
(ze) the powers and the functions of every Development
Commissioner under sub-section (1) of section 32;
(zf) the method of appointment of officers and other employees
of every Authority, conditions of their service and the scale of
pay and allowances  under sub-section (3) of section 32;
(zg) the other functions  to be performed by the Authority
under clause (e) of sub-section (2) of section 34;
(zh) the form in which the accounts and other  relevant records
of every Authority shall  be maintained  and annual statement
of accounts shall be prepared under sub-section (1) of section
37;
(zi) the form and the manner in which and the time at which
every Authority shall furnish returns and statements and other
particulars  to the Central Government under sub-section (1) of
section 39;
(zj)  the form in which and the date before which  every
Authority shall furnish to the Central Government the report of
its activities, policy  and programmes under sub-section (2) of
section 39;
(zk) the form in which and the particulars to be contained in the
identity cards under section 46;
(zl)  any other matter which is to be, or may be, prescribed.
     (3) Every rule made by the Central Government under this
Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before
each House of Parliament while it is in session, for a total
period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or
in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of
the session immediately following the session or the successive
sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any 39
modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule
should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in
such modified form or be of  no effect, as the case may be; so
however, that any such modification or annulment shall be
without prejudice to the validity  of anything previously done
under that rule.
Power to
remove
difficulties.
 56. (1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions
of this Act, the Central Government may, by order published in
the Official Gazette, make such provisions not inconsistent
with the provisions of this Act, as may appear to it to be
necessary or expedient for removing the difficulty:
 Provided that no such order  shall be made under this
section after the expiration of two years from the date of
commencement of this Act.
(2) Every order made under this section shall be laid, as soon
as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament.
Amendment of
certain
enactments.
57.   With effect from such date as the Central Government
may by notification appoint, the  enactments specified in the
Third Schedule shall be amended in the manner specified
therein:
 Provided that different dates may be appointed on
which the amendments specified in the Third Schedule shall
apply to a particular Special  Economic Zone or a class of
Special Economic Zones or all Special Economic Zones.
Savings. 58.  All rules made or purporting  to have been made or all
notifications issued or purporting to have been issued under
any Central Act relating to the Special Economic Zone shall, in
so far as they relate to matters for which provision is made in
this Act or rules made or notification issued thereunder and are
not inconsistent therewith, be deemed to have been made or
issued under this Act as if this Act had been in force on the
date on which such rules were made or notifications were
issued and shall continue to be in force unless and until they
are superseded by any rules made or notifications issued under
this Act. 40
THE FIRST SCHEDULE
(See sections 7 and 54)
Enactments
1. The Agricultural Produce Cess Act, 1940 (27 of 1940).
2. The Coffee Act, 1942 (7 of 1942).
3. The Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1946 (22 of 1946).
4. The Rubber Act, 1947 (24 of 1947).
5. The Tea Act, 1953 (29 of 1953).
6. The Salt Cess Act, 1953 (49 of 1953).
7. The Medicinal and Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act, 1955 (16 of 1955).
8. The Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act, 1957 (58 of
1957).
9. The Sugar (Regulation of Production) Act, 1961 (55 of 1961).
10. The Textiles Committee Act, 1963 (41 of 1963).
11. The Produce Cess Act, 1966 (15 of 1966).
12. The Marine Products Export Development Authority Act, 1972 (13 of 1972).
13. The Coal Mines (Conservation and Development Act, 1974 (28 of 1974).
14. The Oil Industry (Development) Act, 1974 (47 of 1974).
15. The Tobacco Cess Act, 1975 (26 of 1975).
16. The Additional Duties of Excise (Textile and Textile Articles) Act, 1978 (40 of 1978).
17. The Sugar Cess Act, 1982 (3 of 1982).
18. The Jute Manufactures Cess Act, 1983 (28 of 1983).
19. The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Cess Act, 1985 (3 of 1986).
20. The Spices Cess Act, 1986 (11 of 1986).
21. The Research and Development Cess Act, 1986 (32 of 1986). 41
THE SECOND SCHEDULE
(See section 27)
MODIFICATIONS TO THE INCOME-TAX ACT, 1961.
(43 of 1961)
(a)  in section 10,-
 (A) in clause (15), after sub-clause (vii), the following
clause shall be inserted at the end, namely:- 

“(viii) any income by way of interest received by a non-resident
or a person who is not ordinarily resident, in India on a deposit
made on or after the 1
st
 day of April, 2005 in an Offshore
Banking Unit referred to in clause (u) of section 2 of the
Special Economic Zones Act, 2005;”;
 (B) in clause (23G), after the words, brackets, figures
and letters “sub-section (4) of section 80-IA”, the words
brackets, figures and letters  “or sub -section (3) of section 80-
IAB.” shall be inserted;
 (C)  in clause (34), the following Explanation shall be
inserted, namely:-
“Explanation.- For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared
that the dividend referred to  in section 115-O shall not be
included in the total income of the assessee, being a Developer
or entrepreneur.”;
(b)  in section 10A,  after sub-section (7A), the following subsection shall be inserted, namely:-
“(7B) The provisions of this section shall not apply to any
undertaking, being a Unit referred to in clause (zc) of section 2
of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005, which has begun or
begins to manufacture or produce articles or things or computer
software during the previous year relevant to the assessment
year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2006 in any
Special Economic Zone.”;
Special
provisions in
respect of newly
established Units
in Special
Economic
Zones.
(c)   after section 10A, the following section shall be inserted,
namely:-
‘10AA. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, in
computing the total income  of an assessee, being an
entrepreneur as referred to in clause (j) of section (2) of the
Special Economic Zones Act, 2005, from his Unit, who begins 42
to manufacture or produce articles or things or provide any
services during the previous year relevant to any assessment
year commencing on or after the 1
st
 day of April, 2006, a
deduction of –
(i)    hundred per cent. of profits and gains derived from the
export, of such articles or things or from services for a
period of five consecutive assessment years beginning with
the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which
the Unit begins to manufacture  or produce such articles or
things or provide services, as the case may be, and fifty per
cent. of such profits and gains for further five assessment
years and thereafter;
(ii)  for the next five consecutive assessment years, so much
of the amount not exceeding fifty per cent. of the profit as is
debited to the profit and loss account of the previous year in
respect of which the deduction is to be allowed and credited
to a reserve account (to be called the "Special Economic
Zone Re-investment Reserve Account") to be created and
utilised for the purposes of the business of the assessee in the
manner laid down in sub-section (2).
(2) The deduction under clause (ii) of sub-section (1) shall be
allowed only if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:-
(a) the amount credited to the Special Economic Zone Reinvestment  Reserve Account is to be utilised-
  (i) for the purposes of acquiring machinery or plant
which is first put to use before the expiry of a period of three
years following the previous year in which the reserve was
created; and
  (ii) until the acquisition of the  machinery or plant as
aforesaid, for the purposes of the business of the undertaking
other than for distribution by way of dividends or profits or for
remittance outside India as profits or for the creation of any
asset outside India;
(b) the particulars, as may be specified by the Central Board
of Direct Taxes in this behalf, under clause (b) of subsection (IB) of section 10A have been furnished by the
assessee in respect of machinery or plant along with the
return of income for the assessment year relevant to the
previous year in which such plant or machinery was first put
to use.
(3) Where any amount credited to the Special Economic Zone
Re-investment  Reserve Account under clause (ii) of subsection (1),- 43
  (a) has been utilised for any purpose other than those
referred to in sub-section (2), the amount so utilised;  or
  (b) has not been utilised before the expiry of the period
specified in sub-clause (i) of clause (a) of sub-section (2), the
amount not so utilised,
shall be deemed to be the profits,-
(i) in a case referred to in clause (a), in the year in which the
amount was so utilised; or
(ii) in a case referred to in clause (b), in the year
immediately following the period of three years specified in
sub-clause (i) of clause (a) of sub-section (2),
and shall be charged to tax accordingly:
 Provided that where in computing the total income of
the Unit for any assessment year, its profits and gains had not
been included by application of the provisions of sub-section
(7B) of section 10A, the undertaking being the Unit shall be
entitled to deduction referred to in this sub-section only for the
unexpired period of ten consecutive assessment years and
thereafter it shall be eligible for deduction from income as
provided in clause (ii) of sub-section (1):
Explanation.- For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared
that an undertaking being the Unit, which had already availed
before the commencement of the Special Economic Zone Act,
2005, the deductions referred to in section 10A for ten
consecutive assessment years, such Unit shall not be eligible
for deduction from income under this section.
   Provided further that where a Unit initially located in
any free trade zone or export processing zone is subsequently
located in a Special Economic Zone by reason of conversion of
such free trade zone or export processing zone into a Special
Economic Zone, the period of ten consecutive assessment years
referred to above shall be reckoned from the assessment year
relevant to the previous year in which the Unit began to
manufacture, or produce or process such articles or things or
services in such free trade zone or export processing zone:
Provided also that where a Unit initially located in any free
trade zone or export processing zone is subsequently located in
a Special Economic Zone by reason of conversion of such free
trade zone or export processing zone into a Special Economic
Zone and has completed the period of ten consecutive
assessment years referred to above, it shall not be eligible for
deduction from income as provided in clause (ii) of sub-section
(1) with effect from the 1
st
 day of April, 2006.  44
(4) This section applies to any undertaking being the Unit,
which has begun or begins to manufacture or produce articles
or things or services during the  previous year relevant to the
assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April,
2006, in any Special Economic Zone;
(5)  Where any undertaking being the Unit which is entitled to
the deduction under this section is transferred, before the expiry
of the period specified in this section, to another undertaking,
being the Unit in a scheme of amalgamation or demerger,-
(a) no deduction shall be admissible  under this section to the
amalgamating or the demerged Unit, being the company
for the previous year in which the amalgamation or the
demerger takes place; and
(b) the provisions of this section shall, as they would have
applied to the amalgamating or the demerged Unit being
the company as if the amalgamation or demerger had not
taken place.
(6)  Loss referred to in sub-section (1) of section 72 or subsection (1) or sub-section (3) of section 74, in so far as such
loss relates to the business of the undertaking, being the Unit
shall be allowed to be carried forward or set off.
(7) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the profits derived from
the export of articles or things or services (including computer
software) shall be the amount which bears to the profits of the
business of the undertaking, being the Unit, the same
proportion as the export turnover in respect of such articles or
things or services bears to the total turnover of the business
carried on by the assessee. 

(8)  The provisions of sub-sections (5) and (6) of section 10A
shall apply to the articles or things or services referred to in
sub-section (1) as if –
  (a)   for the figures, letters and word “1
st
April, 2001”,
the figures, letters and word “1
st
 April, 2006” had been
substituted;
  (b) for the word “undertaking”, the words “undertaking,
being the Unit” had been substituted.
(9) The provisions of sub-section (8) and sub-section (10) of
section 80-IA shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to the
undertaking referred to in this  section as they apply for the
purposes of the undertaking referred to in section 80-IA. 45
Explanation 1.- For the purposes of this section,-
(i) "export turnover" means the consideration in respect of
export by the undertaking, being the Unit of articles or things
or services received in, or brought into, India by the assessee
but does not include freight,  telecommunication charges or
insurance attributable to the delivery of the articles or things
outside India or expenses, if any, incurred in foreign exchange
in rendering of  services (including computer software) outside
India;
(ii) "export”  in relation to the Special Economic Zones” means
taking goods or providing services out of India from a Special
Economic Zone by land, sea, air, or by any other mode whether
physical or otherwise;
(iii)  “manufacture” shall have the same meaning as assigned to
it in clause (r) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act,
2005;
(iv) "relevant assessment year" means any assessment year
falling within a period of fifteen consecutive assessment years
referred to in this section;
(v) “Special Economic Zone” and “Unit” shall have the same
meanings as assigned to them  under clause (za) and (zc) of
section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005.
Explanation 2.  – For the removal of doubts, it is hereby
declared that the profits and gains derived from on site
development of computer software (including services for
development of software) outside India shall be deemed to be
the profits and gains derived  from the export of computer
software outside India;
(d)  after section 54G, the following section shall be inserted,
namely:-
“54GA. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in section
54G, where the capital gain arises from the transfer of a capital
asset, being machinery or plant or building or land or any rights
in building or land used for the purposes of the business of an
industrial undertaking situate in an urban area, effected in the
course of, or in consequence of the shifting of  such industrial
undertaking to any Special Economic Zone, whether developed
in any urban area or any other area and the assessee has within
a period of one year before or  three years after the date on
which the transfer took place, -
Exemption of
capital gains on
transfer of assets
in cases of
shifting of
industrial
undertaking from
urban area to any
Special
Economic Zone.46
(a) purchased machinery or plant for the purposes of
business of the industrial  undertaking in the Special
Economic Zone to which the said undertaking is
shifted;
(b) acquired building or land or constructed building for
the purposes of his business in the Special Economic
Zone;
(c) shifted the original asset and transferred the
establishment of such undertaking to the Special
Economic Zone; and
(d) incurred expenses on such other purposes as may be
specified in a scheme framed by the Central
Government for the purposes of this section,
then, instead of the capital gain being charged to income-tax as
income of the previous year in which the transfer took place, it
shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), be dealt with
in accordance with the following provisions of this section, that
is to say, -
(i) if the amount of the capital gain is greater than the
cost and expenses incurred in  relation to all or any of the
purposes mentioned in clauses (a) to (d) (such cost and
expenses being hereafter in this section referred to as the
new asset), the difference between the amount of the capital
gain and the cost of the new asset shall be charged under
section 45 as the income of the previous year; and for the
purpose of computing in respect of the new asset any capital
gain arising from its transfer within a period of three years of
its being purchased, acquired, constructed or transferred, as
the case may be, the cost shall be nil; or
(ii) if the amount of the capital gain is equal to, or less
than, the cost of the new asset, the capital gain shall not be
charged under section 45; and for the purpose of computing
in respect of the new asset any capital gain arising from its
transfer within a period of three years of its being purchased,
acquired, constructed or transferred, as the case may be, the
cost shall be reduced by the amount of the capital gain.
Explanation.-In this sub-section,-
  (a)  “Special Economic Zone” shall have the meaning
assigned to it in clause (za) of the Special Economic Zones Act,
2005;
  (b)  “urban area” means any such area within the limits 47
of a municipal corporation or  municipality as the Central
Government may, having regard to the population,
concentration of industries, need for proper planning of the area
and other relevant factors, by general or special order, declare
to be an urban area for the purposes of this sub-section.
(2) The amount of capital gain which is not appropriated by the
assessee towards the cost and expenses incurred in relation to
all or any of the purposes mentioned in clauses (a) to (d) of
sub-section (1) within one year before the date on which the
transfer of the original asset took place, or which is not utilised
by him for all or any of the purposes aforesaid before the date
of furnishing the return of income under section 139, shall be
deposited by him before furnishing such return [such deposit
being made in any case not later than the due date applicable in
the case of the assessee for furnishing the return of income
under sub-section (1) of section 139] in an account in any such
bank or institution as may be specified in, and utilised in
accordance with, any scheme which the Central Government
may, by notification, frame in this behalf and such return shall
be accompanied by proof of such deposit; and, for the purposes
of sub-section (1), the amount, if any, already utilised by the
assessee for all or any of the aforesaid purposes together with
the amount so deposited shall be deemed to be the cost of the
new asset:
 Provided that if the amount deposited under this subsection is not utilised wholly or partly for all or any of the
purposes mentioned in clauses (a) to (d) of sub-section (1)
within the period specified in that sub-section, then, -
  (i) the amount not so utilised shall be charged under
section 45 as the income of the previous year in which the
period of three years from the  date of the transfer of the
original asset expires; and
  (ii) the assessee shall be entitled to withdraw such
amount in accordance with the scheme aforesaid.”;
(e)  in section 80-IA,  after sub-section (12), the
following section shall be inserted, namely:- 

“(13) nothing contained in this section shall apply to any
Special Economic Zones notified on or after the 1
st
 day of
April, 2005 in accordance with the scheme referred to in subclause (iii) of clause (c) of sub-section (4)”.
(f)  after section 80-IA, the following section shall be inserted,
namely:-
Deductions in  “80-I AB.  (1) Where the gross total income of an assessee, 48
respect of profits
and gains by an
undertaking or
enterprise
engaged in
development of
Special
Economic Zone.
being a Developer, includes any profits and gains derived by an
undertaking or an enterprise from any business of developing a
Special Economic Zone, notified on or after the 1
st
 day of
April, 2005 under the Special Economic Zone Act, 2005, there
shall, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of this
section, be allowed, in computing the total income of the
assessee, a deduction of an amount equal to one hundred per
cent. of the profits and gains derived from such business for ten
consecutive assessment years.
(2) The deduction specified in sub-section (1) may, at
the option of the assessee, be claimed by him for any ten
consecutive assessment years out of fifteen years beginning
from the year in which a Special Economic Zone has been
notified by the Central Government:
 Provided that where in computing the total income of
any undertaking, being a Developer for any assessment year, its
profits and gains had not been included by application of the
provisions of sub-section (13) of section 80-1A, the
undertaking being the Developer shall be entitled to deduction
referred to in this section only for the unexpired period of ten
consecutive assessment years and thereafter it shall be eligible
for deduction from income as provided in sub-section (1) or
sub-section (2) as the case may be:  

 Provided further that in  a case where an undertaking,
being a Developer who develops a Special Economic Zone on
or after the 1
st
 day of April, 2005 and transfers the operation
and maintenance of such Special Economic Zone to another
Developer (hereafter in this section referred to as the transferee
Developer), the deduction under sub-section (1) shall be
allowed to such transferee Developer for the remaining period
in the ten consecutive assessment years as if the operation and
maintenance were not so transferred to the transferee
Developer.
(3)  The provisions of sub-sections (5) and sub-sections (7) to
(12) of section 80-IA shall apply to the Special Economic
Zones for the purpose of allowing deductions under sub-section
(1).
Explanation.- For the purposes of this section, “Developer” and
“Special Economic Zone” shall  have the same  meanings
respectively as assigned to them in  clauses (g) and (za) of
section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005”;
.
(g)  for section 80LA, the  following section shall be
substituted, namely:–
Deduction in
respect of certain
incomes of
Offshore 49
‘80LA. (1) Where the gross total income of an assessee,—
(i) being a scheduled bank, or,  any bank incorporated by or
under the laws of a country outside India; and having an
Offshore Banking Unit in a Special Economic Zone; or
(ii) being a Unit of an International Financial Services Centre,
includes any income referred to in sub-section (2), there shall
be allowed, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of
this section, a deduction from such income, of an amount equal
to—
Banking Units
and International
Financial
Services Centre
10 of 1949.
15 of 1992
  (a) one hundred per cent of such income for five
consecutive assessment years   beginning with the assessment
year relevant to the previous year in which the permission,
under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 23 of the Banking
Regulation Act, 1949 or permission or registration under the
Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 or any other
relevant law was obtained, and thereafter;
  (b) fifty per cent. of such income for five
consecutive assessment years.
10 of 1949.
(2) The income referred to in sub-section (1) shall be the income—
 (a) from an Offshore Banking Unit in a Special
Economic Zone; or
 (b)  from the business referred to in sub-section (1) of
section 6 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 with an
undertaking located in a Special Economic Zone or any other
undertaking which develops,  develops and operates or
develops, operates and maintains a Special Economic Zone; or
  (c) from any Unit of the International Financial Services
Centre from its business  for  which it has been approved for
setting up in such a Centre in a Special Economic Zone.
(3) No deduction under this section shall be allowed unless the
assessee furnishes along with the return of income,—
  (i) the report, in the form specified by the Central
Board of Direct Taxes under clause (i) of sub-section (2) of
section 80LA, as it stood immediately before its substitution by
this section,  of an accountant  as defined in the Explanation
below sub-section (2) of section 288, certifying that the
deduction has been correctly claimed in accordance with the
provisions of this section; and 50
10 of 1949  (ii) a copy of the permission obtained under clause
(a) of sub-section (1) of section 23 of the Banking Regulation
Act, 1949.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,— 

(a) “International Financial Services Centre” shall have the
same meaning as assigned to it in clause (q) of section 2 of  the
Special Economic Zones Act, 2005;
(b)  “scheduled bank” shall have the same meaning as assigned
to it in clause (e) of section 2 of the Reserve Bank of India Act,
1934;
2 of 1934
(c) “Special Economic Zone” shall have the same meaning   as
assigned to it in clause (za) of section 2 of the Special
Economic Zones Act, 2005;
(d) “Unit” shall have the same  meaning as assigned to it in
clause (zc) of section (2) of the Special Economic Zones Act,
2005;
(h) in section 115JB, after sub-section (5), the following subsection shall be inserted, namely:-
“(6) The provisions of this section shall not apply to the income
accrued or arising on or after the 1
st
 day of April, 2005 from
any business carried on, or services rendered, by an
entrepreneur or a Developer, in a Unit or Special Economic
Zone, as the case may be.”.
(i) in section 115-0,  after sub-section (5), the following subsection shall be inserted, namely:-
 “(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, no tax
on distributed profits shall be chargeable in respect of the total
income of an undertaking or enterprise engaged in developing
or developing and operating or developing, operating and
maintaining a Special Economic Zone for any assessment year
on any amount declared, distributed or paid by such Developer
or enterprise, by way of dividends (whether interim or
otherwise) on or after the 1
st
 day of April, 2005 out of its
current income either in the hands of the Developer or
enterprise or the person receiving such dividend not falling
under clause (23G) of section 10.”; 

(j)  in section 197A,  after sub-section (1C), the following subsection shall be inserted, namely:- 

‘(1D) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, no 51
deduction of tax shall be made by the Offshore banking Unit
from the interest paid-
(a) on deposit made on or after the 1
st
 day of April, 2005, by a
non-resident or a person not ordinarily resident in India; or (b) on borrowings, on or after the 1
st
 day of April, 2005, from a
non-resident or a person not ordinarily resident in India.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this sub-section “Offshore
Banking Unit” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in
clause (u) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act,
2005.’. 52
THE THIRD SCHEDULE
(See section 56)
AMENDMENT TO CERTAIN ENACTMENTS
PART   I
AMENDMENT TO THE INSURANCE Act, 1938
(4 OF 1938)
1. In section 2C, in sub-section (1), after  the third Proviso, insert –
“Provided also an insurer being an Indian Insurance Company,
insurance co-operative society or a body corporate referred to in clause
(c) of this sub-section carrying on the business of insurance, may carry
on any business of insurance in any Special Economic Zone as defined
in clause (za) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005.”.
Power of Central
Government to
apply provisions of
this Act to Special
Economic zones.
2.  After section 2C insert –
“2CA. The Central Government may,  by notification, direct that any
of  the provisions of this Act,-
(a) shall not apply to insurer, being an Indian Insurance Company,
insurance co-operative society or a body corporate referred to in clause
(c) of this sub-section (1) of section 2C, carrying on the business of
insurance, in any Special Economic Zone  as defined  in clause (za) of
section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005; or
(b) shall apply to any insurer being an Indian Insurance Company,
insurance co-operative society or a body corporate referred to in clause
(c) of sub-section (1) of section 2C, carrying on the business of
insurance, in any Special Economic Zone as defined in clause (za) of
section 2 of the Special Economic  Zones Act, 2005 only with  such
exceptions,  modifications and adaptations as may be specified in  the
notification.”.
PART  II
AMENDMENTS TO THE BANKING REGULATION ACT, 1949
(10 OF 1949)
1. Section 53 shall  be renumbered as sub-section (1)  thereof  and
in sub-section (1) as so re-numbered, for “banking company or
institution or to any class of banking companies”,  substitute,-
 “banking company or institution or to any class of banking
companies or any of their branches functioning or located in any 53
Special Economic Zone established under the Special Economic Zones
Act, 2005.”.
2. After sub-section (1) as so numbered, the following sub-section
shall be inserted, namely:-
“(2) A copy of every notification proposed to be issued under subsection (1), shall be laid in draft before each House of Parliament,
while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be
comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if,
before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or
the successive sessions aforesaid,  both Houses agree in disapproving
the issue of the notification or both Houses agree in making any
modification in the notification, the notification shall not be issued or,
as the case may be, shall be issued only in such modified form as may
be agreed upon by both the Houses.”.
PART III
AMENDMENT TO THE INDIAN STAMP ACT, 1899
(2 OF 1899)
In section 3, in the proviso, after clause (2), insert,-
“(3) any instrument executed, by, or, on behalf of, or, in favour of the
Developer, or Unit or in connection with the carrying out of purposes
of the Special Economic Zone.
Explanation.-  For the purposes of this clause, the expressions
“Developer”, “Special Economic  Zone” and “Unit” shall have
meanings respectively assigned to them in clause (g), (za) and (zc) of
section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005.”.
----------
T. K. VISWANATHAN
Secretary to the Government of India
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