Andhra Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging in
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All Educational Institutions Rules, 2002
[G.O. Ms. No.67, Higher Education (EC) dated 31st August, 2002]
In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 9 of the
Andhra Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 (A.P. Act 26 of 1997) the
Governor of Andhra Pradesh hereby makes the following rules relating to
Prohibition of Ragging in all Educational Institutions in the State.
1. Short title.— These rules may be called the Andhra Pradesh
Prohibition of Ragging in all Educational Institutions Rules, 2002.
2. Definition.— In these rules unless the context otherwise requires
(a) “Act” includes words either spoken or written or signs or sounds
or gestures or visible representation;
(b) “Educational Institutions” means and include a college or other
institution by whatever name called, carrying on the activity or imparting
education therein (either exclusively or among other activities) and includes an
orphanage or boarding home or hostel or Tutorial Institution or other premises
(c) “Government” means the State Government of Andhra Pradesh;
(d) “notification” means notification published in Andhra Pradesh
Gazette and the word “notified” shall be construed accordingly;
(e) “ragging” means doing an act, which causes or is likely to cause
insult or annoyance or fear or apprehension or threat or intimidation or outrage
of modesty or injury to a student;
(f) “student” means a person who is admitted into an Educational
Institution and whose name is lawfully borne on the attendance register thereof.
3. Prohibition of ragging.— (a) Ragging is prohibited within or
outside of any educational institution in the State;
1 (b) the Principal/Head of the institution shall obtain an undertaking in
writing from the students/parents at the time of admission that they shall not
resort to ragging inside or outside the institution;
(c) full publicity should be given to the punishment for ragging
through open circulars, suitable posters, colleges and hostel premises etc., by the
Principal/ Head of the institutions;
(d) the Principal/Head of the Institution shall constitute anti-ragging
squads involving teachers and students to prevent ragging;
(e) the Head of the Institution shall lodge a criminal case against
students resorted to ragging for taking action as mentioned in Andhra Pradesh
Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 (A.P. Act No. 26 of 1997).
Certain of the guidelines to prevent ragging in educational institutions are
illustrated in the annexure to these rules.
4. Responsibility of the Head of the Institution.—
(1) At the commencement of the Academic session/ the Institution should
constitute a proctorial committee consisting of senior faculty members and hostel
authorities like the warden and a few responsible senior students :—
(i) to keep a continuous watch and vigil over ragging so as to prevent
its occurrence and recurrence;
(ii) to promptly deal with the incidents of ragging brought to its notice
and summarily punish the guilty either by itself or by putting-forth its finding/
recommendation/suggestions before the authority competent to take decision.
All vulnerable locations shall be identified and specially watched.
(2) The local community and the students in particular must be made
aware of dehumanising effect of ragging inherent in its perversity. Posters, notice
boards and sign-boards wherever necessary, may be used for the purpose.
(3) Failure to prevent ragging shall be construed as an act of
negligence in maintaining discipline in the institution on the part of the
management, the principal and the persons in authority of the institution. Similar
responsibility shall be liable to be fixed on hostel wardens/superintendents.
2 (4) Whenever any student complains of ragging to the Head of the
Educational Institution such head or manager shall enquire into the same
forthwith and if the complaint is prima facie found true, shall suspend the
student or students complained against for such period as may be deemed
(5) The decision of the head of the institution or the person responsible
for the management of the educational institution is final.
(6) If an institution fails to curb ragging, the Funding Agency shall
consider for stoppage of financial assistance to such an institution till such time
as achieves the same. The University shall consider disaffiliating a college or
Institution failing to curb ragging. All Universities shall bring these guidelines to
the notice of all educational institutions under their control and jurisdiction.
Publicity may also be given by press notes in public interest by Universities.
5. Penalty for ragging.— (1) Whoever with the intention of causing
ragging or with the knowledge that he is likely by such act to cause ragging
commits or abets ragging shall be punishable as per Andhra Pradesh Prohibition
of Ragging Act, 1997 (Act 26 of 1997).
(2) The students convicted of an offence under section 4 of Andhra
Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 (Act 26 of 1997) and punished with
imprisonment for a term shall be dismissed from the educational institution.
(3) The student convicted of an offence under section 4 of Andhra
Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997, and punished with imprisonment for a
term of more than six months shall not be admitted in any other educational
(4) Any student dismissed from a college for ragging should be
debarred from seeking admission in any other course of study in any
college/University located in the State.
(5) In case of the students who involved in ragging, there shall be an
embossment on his marks cards and other academic Certificates in bold letters
which cannot be obliterated that he had indulged in ragging and had conducted
himself in a manner unbecoming of a student.
3Guidelines Annexure to G.O.Ms. No. 67, Higher Education (EC-2) Department, dated 31-
The following guidelines shall be complied with while endeavou-ring to
deal with ragging in the forms like addressing seniors ‘Sir’ performing mass
drills, copying class notes for the seniors, carrying out various errands, and
doing menial jobs for the seniors, washing clothes demanded by senior students,
asking/answering vulgar questions, looking at pornographic pictures to shock
the freshers out of their innocence, being forced to drink alcohol, scalding tea,
being forced to do acts with sexual overtones and homesexual acts leading to
physical injury/ mental torture or death, and doing obscenities.
“Ragging” means any disorderly conduct whether by words spoken or
written or by an act which has the effect of teasing treating or handling with
rudeness any other student, indulging in rowdy or indisciplined activities which
causes or is likely to cause annoyance, hardship or psychological harm or to raise
fear or apprehension thereof in a fresher or junior student or asking the students
to do any act or perform something which such student will not do in the
ordinary course and which has the effect of causing or generating a sense of
shame of embarrassment so as to adversely affect the physique or psyche of a
fresher or junior student. The cause of indulging in ragging is deriving a sadistic
pleasure or showing of power, authority or superiority by the seniors over their
juniors or freshers.
Most of the above orders of the seniors constituting perverse actions are
illustrative or ragging but not exhaustive. Any other related acts would also form
ragging attracting severe punitive action.
(1) A review committee shall be constituted by the District Collector as
Chairman and the composition of the committee will be as follows :—
(i) Collector - Chairman.
(ii) Superintendent of Police-Vice-Chairman.
(iii) (a) Revenue Divisional Officers
(b) Sub-divisional Police Officers - Members
(c) College Principals
The committee shall meet twice before the academic session and twice
during the academic session to review the prevalent situation and evolve
effective measures to combat ragging.
(2) Apart from the review committee the educational institutions
should provide for the constitution of a committee consisting of the parents and
4guardians or the students taking education in their institute, as well as two
representatives of the students union if any, apart from the principal and a
representative of teaching staff of the educational institute and to review the
same by regularly calling a meeting of the committee of the parents etc., which
may be constituted for this purpose. The committee should recommend to the
management whether any step is required to be taken against any student who
may have violated the code of conduct and the school management should take
necessary remedial measures as expeditiously as possible, but not later than four
weeks from the date of the recommendation by the parents committee.
(3) The application form for admission/enrolment shall have a printed
undertaking to be filled up and signed by the candidates to the effect that he/she
is aware of the institution’s approach towards ragging and punishments to
which he or she shall be liable if found guilty of ragging. A similar undertaking
shall be obtained from the parents/guardian of the applicant.
(4) Any boy or girl student should keep the identity card issued by the
concerned educational institution in his/her possession and offer the same for
verification as and when demanded by any authority of the institution or hostel
or any member of the staff of the institution or hostel who is authorised to verify
the identity of the concerned student.
(5) The Hostels and Messes, vacant classrooms, canteen, stadium or
playground, student’s activity centres and bus stands are the some of the
vulnerable locations identified for ragging. Strict survellance should be
maintained in such locations for prevention of ragging.
(6) The Management, Principal, the teaching staff should interact with
freshers and take them in confidence by apprising them of their rights as well as
obligation to fight against ragging and to generate confidence in their mind that
any instances of ragging to which they are subjected or which comes in their
knowledge should forthwith be brought to their knowledge and shall promptly
dealt with while protecting the complainants from any harassment by
perpetrators of ragging. It would be better if the head of the institution or person
high in authority addresses meeting of teachers, parents and students collectively
or in groups in this behalf.
(7) The Universities and the institution shall at a reasonable time
before the commencement of an academic year, and therefore at such frequent
intervals as may be expedient deliberate over and devise such positive and
5constructive activities to be arranged by involving the students generally so that
the seniors and juniors, and the existing students and the freshers, interact with
each other in a healthy atmosphere and develop a friendly relationship so as to
behave like members of a family in an institution. Seniors or juniors should be
encouraged to exhibit their talents in such events so as to shed their complexes.
(8) Telephone numbers of the Principals, Vice-Principals, Heads of
Departments, senior faculty/administrative officers, wardens and deputy
wardens, should be given to every new entrant with the advice that they should
not hesitate in reporting all incidents of ragging through these numbers even
anonymously with the circumstances warrant, so that immediate measures can
be taken by them.
(9) The media may be requested to give adequate publicity to the
negative aspects of ragging mainly during the months of July and August every
year so that public awareness and aversion can be built up against ragging.
(10) The 1st year class schedule shall be staggered. Junior students
should come to the college early and to leave first. The schedule should be
reverse for senior students classes.
(11) Teachers taking the 1st year classes will leave the class at the end of
the period only after the next teacher arrives.
(12) The hostels/accommodations where freshers are accommodated
shall be carefully guarded, if necessary by posting security personnel, and placed
in charge of a warden/superintendent who should himself/ herself reside there
at, and wherein the entry of seniors and outsiders shall be prohibited after
specified hour of night and before except under the permission of the person in
charge. Entry at other times may also be regulated. If possible, the new entrants
to the hostels should be accommodated in a separate building away from other
hostel buildings where the senior students reside.
(13) No person who is not a student of the concerned educational
institution shall be allowed to enter the premises of that educational institutions
or its hostel without obtaining prior permission of the principal of that institute.
Provided that the parents or the guardian of the students shall not be required to
take such permission in writing.
6 (14) No person who is not studying in the given educational institution
shall be allowed to enter any hostel of boys or girls attached to the concerned
educational institution. However, by obtaining prior written permission of the
warden of the hostel, he may be so allowed. Provided, however, that in case of
girls hostel, no male student or any male person shall have any access to a girl
inmates of the hostel except in the presence of the caretaker of the ladies hostel
apart from obtaining advance permission of the warden for the purpose.
(15) Any girl inmate of the hostel who has gone out of the hostel
premises for a personal errand shall return to the hostel latest by 9.00 p.m. If she
is delayed, she should render written explanation there and then to the Caretaker
of the hostel who shall allow her to enter the hostel occupy her seat in the room
allotted to her on such written explanation submitted by her. The written
explanation so submitted shall be forwarded to the warden of the hostel by the
Caretaker as soon as possible but not later than 9.00 a.m., on the next day.
(16) Teaching staff and warden will be at liberty to check and inspect
the hostel area at any time during night.
(17) Secret student vigilance groups shall be formed. They are expected
to bring to the attention of the anti-ragging committee any incident of ragging in
the college or outside.
(18) Confidential boxes should be installed at college to receive the
complaints of the junior students to know about ragging incidents, if any.
(19) Migration certificates issued by the institution should have an entry
apart from that of general conduct and behaviour whether the student had
participated in and in particular was punished for ragging.
(20) Ragging can be stopped by creating awareness amongst the
students/ teachers and parent that ragging is a reprehensible act which does no
good to any one and by simultaneously generating an atmosphere of discipline
by sending a clear message that no act of ragging shall not go unnoticed and
(21) Any student found to be indulging into any ragging activity shall
be suspended immediately after communication is sent to him under the
signature of the Principal of the concerned educational institution stating that he
is alleged of’ indulging into ragging activity. Such student shall be debarred from
7entering the campus of the educational institution or its hostel, except on any day
at any time when he called upon by the authority of the school or by the Parents
committee for tendering explanation or for defending his case.
(22) Anti-ragging movement should be initiated by the institution right
from the time of advertisement for admission. The prospects, the form for
admission must clearly mention that ragging is banned in the institution and any
one indulging in ragging is likely to be punished appropriately which
punishment may include expulsion from the institution, suspension from the
institution or classes for a limited period or fine with a public apology. The
punishment may also be taken the shape of :—
(i) withholding scholarships/fellowships;
(ii) debarring from representation in events;
(iii) withholding results;
(iv) withdrawing benefits like travel concessions and campus
(v) suspension or expulsion from hostel or mess, and the like.
(23) Photographs of students who have been involved in ragging and
against whom prima facie cases are made out shall be published in the notice
board put up in a conspicuous place, and also published in local News papers. In
addition, students should be cautioned that the moment they indulge in ragging
they would have a bleak future inasmuch as they would not be entitled ‘to get a
passport or visa to go abroad, if a case is registered in the Police Station or if their
academic records are tainted with black marks.
(24) If the commission of offence is so serious they may be restrained
from participating in national and international meets, tournaments, youth
festivals, quizzes and so on.
(25) Failure to prevent ragging shall be construed as act of negligence in
maintaining discipline in the institution on the part of the management, the
principal and the persons in authority of the institution. Similar responsibility
shall be liable to be fixed on hostel warden/superintendents. (26) Incentives and rewards shall be given for those who actively
participate in measures for curbing the menace of ragging. Punishment for the
offenders should be balanced by some incentives for non-offenders and those
who help check the menace of ragging.
8 (27) The offence of the ragging is not only punishable under section 4 of
Andhra Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 but also under various
provisions as envisaged in the relevant section of the Indian Penal Code 1860
(Act 45/1860) and as per the specific directions to be given to the police officers
for taking cognizance of such offences and criminal activities given by the
authorities of the Police Department given from time to time.
(28) Ragging is cognizable offence. The same may be reported to the
police. However, the police should be called in or allowed entry in the campus at
the instance of the head of the institution or the person in charge. The police also
deal with such incidents when brought to its notice for action by keeping in mind
that they are dealing with students but not as criminals. The action of the police
should never be violent and always be guided by correctional attitude.
(29) The above guidelines are only illustrative and are not intended to
come in the way of institutions and authorities devising ways and means to curb