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Andhra Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging in All Educational Institutions Rules, 2002

Andhra Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging in
The Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly ...

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All Educational Institutions Rules, 2002 
[G.O. Ms. No.67, Higher Education (EC) dated 31st August, 2002] 
 In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 9 of the 
Andhra Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 (A.P. Act 26 of 1997) the 
Governor of Andhra Pradesh hereby makes the following rules relating to 
Prohibition of Ragging in all Educational Institutions in the State. 
1. Short title.— These rules may be called the Andhra Pradesh 
Prohibition of Ragging in all Educational Institutions Rules, 2002. 

2. Definition.— In these rules unless the context otherwise requires 
 (a) “Act” includes words either spoken or written or signs or sounds 
or gestures or visible representation; 
 (b) “Educational Institutions” means and include a college or other 
institution by whatever name called, carrying on the activity or imparting 
education therein (either exclusively or among other activities) and includes an 
orphanage or boarding home or hostel or Tutorial Institution or other premises 
attached thereto; 
 (c) “Government” means the State Government of Andhra Pradesh; 
 (d) “notification” means notification published in Andhra Pradesh 
Gazette and the word “notified” shall be construed accordingly; 
 (e) “ragging” means doing an act, which causes or is likely to cause 
insult or annoyance or fear or apprehension or threat or intimidation or outrage 
of modesty or injury to a student; 
 (f) “student” means a person who is admitted into an Educational 
Institution and whose name is lawfully borne on the attendance register thereof. 
3. Prohibition of ragging.— (a) Ragging is prohibited within or 
outside of any educational institution in the State; 
1 (b) the Principal/Head of the institution shall obtain an undertaking in 
writing from the students/parents at the time of admission that they shall not 
resort to ragging inside or outside the institution; 
 (c) full publicity should be given to the punishment for ragging 
through open circulars, suitable posters, colleges and hostel premises etc., by the 
Principal/ Head of the institutions; 

 (d) the Principal/Head of the Institution shall constitute anti-ragging 
squads involving teachers and students to prevent ragging; 
 (e) the Head of the Institution shall lodge a criminal case against 
students resorted to ragging for taking action as mentioned in Andhra Pradesh 
Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 (A.P. Act No. 26 of 1997). 

Certain of the guidelines to prevent ragging in educational institutions are 
illustrated in the annexure to these rules. 
4. Responsibility of the Head of the Institution.— 
 (1) At the commencement of the Academic session/ the Institution should 
constitute a proctorial committee consisting of senior faculty members and hostel 
authorities like the warden and a few responsible senior students :— 
 (i) to keep a continuous watch and vigil over ragging so as to prevent 
its occurrence and recurrence; 

 (ii) to promptly deal with the incidents of ragging brought to its notice 
and summarily punish the guilty either by itself or by putting-forth its finding/ 
recommendation/suggestions before the authority competent to take decision. 
All vulnerable locations shall be identified and specially watched. 

 (2) The local community and the students in particular must be made 
aware of dehumanising effect of ragging inherent in its perversity. Posters, notice 
boards and sign-boards wherever necessary, may be used for the purpose. 
 (3) Failure to prevent ragging shall be construed as an act of 
negligence in maintaining discipline in the institution on the part of the 
management, the principal and the persons in authority of the institution. Similar 
responsibility shall be liable to be fixed on hostel wardens/superintendents. 
2 (4) Whenever any student complains of ragging to the Head of the 
Educational Institution such head or manager shall enquire into the same 
forthwith and if the complaint is prima facie found true, shall suspend the 
student or students complained against for such period as may be deemed 
 (5) The decision of the head of the institution or the person responsible 
for the management of the educational institution is final. 
 (6) If an institution fails to curb ragging, the Funding Agency shall 
consider for stoppage of financial assistance to such an institution till such time 
as achieves the same. The University shall consider disaffiliating a college or 
Institution failing to curb ragging. All Universities shall bring these guidelines to 
the notice of all educational institutions under their control and jurisdiction. 
Publicity may also be given by press notes in public interest by Universities. 
5. Penalty for ragging.— (1) Whoever with the intention of causing 
ragging or with the knowledge that he is likely by such act to cause ragging 
commits or abets ragging shall be punishable as per Andhra Pradesh Prohibition 
of Ragging Act, 1997 (Act 26 of 1997). 
 (2) The students convicted of an offence under section 4 of Andhra 
Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 (Act 26 of 1997) and punished with 
imprisonment for a term shall be dismissed from the educational institution. 
 (3) The student convicted of an offence under section 4 of Andhra 
Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997, and punished with imprisonment for a 
term of more than six months shall not be admitted in any other educational 
 (4) Any student dismissed from a college for ragging should be 
debarred from seeking admission in any other course of study in any 
college/University located in the State. 
 (5) In case of the students who involved in ragging, there shall be an 
embossment on his marks cards and other academic Certificates in bold letters 
which cannot be obliterated that he had indulged in ragging and had conducted 
himself in a manner unbecoming of a student. 
3Guidelines Annexure to G.O.Ms. No. 67, Higher Education (EC-2) Department, dated 31-
 The following guidelines shall be complied with while endeavou-ring to 
deal with ragging in the forms like addressing seniors ‘Sir’ performing mass 
drills, copying class notes for the seniors, carrying out various errands, and 
doing menial jobs for the seniors, washing clothes demanded by senior students, 
asking/answering vulgar questions, looking at pornographic pictures to shock 
the freshers out of their innocence, being forced to drink alcohol, scalding tea, 
being forced to do acts with sexual overtones and homesexual acts leading to 
physical injury/ mental torture or death, and doing obscenities. 
 “Ragging” means any disorderly conduct whether by words spoken or 
written or by an act which has the effect of teasing treating or handling with 
rudeness any other student, indulging in rowdy or indisciplined activities which 
causes or is likely to cause annoyance, hardship or psychological harm or to raise 
fear or apprehension thereof in a fresher or junior student or asking the students 
to do any act or perform something which such student will not do in the 
ordinary course and which has the effect of causing or generating a sense of 
shame of embarrassment so as to adversely affect the physique or psyche of a 
fresher or junior student. The cause of indulging in ragging is deriving a sadistic 
pleasure or showing of power, authority or superiority by the seniors over their 
juniors or freshers. 
 Most of the above orders of the seniors constituting perverse actions are 
illustrative or ragging but not exhaustive. Any other related acts would also form 
ragging attracting severe punitive action. 
 (1) A review committee shall be constituted by the District Collector as 
Chairman and the composition of the committee will be as follows :— 
 (i) Collector - Chairman. 
 (ii) Superintendent of Police-Vice-Chairman. 
 (iii) (a) Revenue Divisional Officers 
 (b) Sub-divisional Police Officers - Members 
 (c) College Principals 
 The committee shall meet twice before the academic session and twice 
during the academic session to review the prevalent situation and evolve 
effective measures to combat ragging. 
 (2) Apart from the review committee the educational institutions 
should provide for the constitution of a committee consisting of the parents and 
4guardians or the students taking education in their institute, as well as two 
representatives of the students union if any, apart from the principal and a 
representative of teaching staff of the educational institute and to review the 
same by regularly calling a meeting of the committee of the parents etc., which 
may be constituted for this purpose. The committee should recommend to the 
management whether any step is required to be taken against any student who 
may have violated the code of conduct and the school management should take 
necessary remedial measures as expeditiously as possible, but not later than four 
weeks from the date of the recommendation by the parents committee. 

 (3) The application form for admission/enrolment shall have a printed 
undertaking to be filled up and signed by the candidates to the effect that he/she 
is aware of the institution’s approach towards ragging and punishments to 
which he or she shall be liable if found guilty of ragging. A similar undertaking 
shall be obtained from the parents/guardian of the applicant. 
 (4) Any boy or girl student should keep the identity card issued by the 
concerned educational institution in his/her possession and offer the same for 
verification as and when demanded by any authority of the institution or hostel 
or any member of the staff of the institution or hostel who is authorised to verify 
the identity of the concerned student. 

 (5) The Hostels and Messes, vacant classrooms, canteen, stadium or 
playground, student’s activity centres and bus stands are the some of the 
vulnerable locations identified for ragging. Strict survellance should be 
maintained in such locations for prevention of ragging. 
 (6) The Management, Principal, the teaching staff should interact with 
freshers and take them in confidence by apprising them of their rights as well as 
obligation to fight against ragging and to generate confidence in their mind that 
any instances of ragging to which they are subjected or which comes in their 
knowledge should forthwith be brought to their knowledge and shall promptly 
dealt with while protecting the complainants from any harassment by 
perpetrators of ragging. It would be better if the head of the institution or person 
high in authority addresses meeting of teachers, parents and students collectively 
or in groups in this behalf. 
 (7) The Universities and the institution shall at a reasonable time 
before the commencement of an academic year, and therefore at such frequent 
intervals as may be expedient deliberate over and devise such positive and 
5constructive activities to be arranged by involving the students generally so that 
the seniors and juniors, and the existing students and the freshers, interact with 
each other in a healthy atmosphere and develop a friendly relationship so as to 
behave like members of a family in an institution. Seniors or juniors should be 
encouraged to exhibit their talents in such events so as to shed their complexes. 
 (8) Telephone numbers of the Principals, Vice-Principals, Heads of 
Departments, senior faculty/administrative officers, wardens and deputy 
wardens, should be given to every new entrant with the advice that they should 
not hesitate in reporting all incidents of ragging through these numbers even 
anonymously with the circumstances warrant, so that immediate measures can 
be taken by them. 

 (9) The media may be requested to give adequate publicity to the 
negative aspects of ragging mainly during the months of July and August every 
year so that public awareness and aversion can be built up against ragging. 
 (10) The 1st year class schedule shall be staggered. Junior students 
should come to the college early and to leave first. The schedule should be 
reverse for senior students classes. 
 (11) Teachers taking the 1st year classes will leave the class at the end of 
the period only after the next teacher arrives. 
 (12) The hostels/accommodations where freshers are accommodated 
shall be carefully guarded, if necessary by posting security personnel, and placed 
in charge of a warden/superintendent who should himself/ herself reside there 
at, and wherein the entry of seniors and outsiders shall be prohibited after 
specified hour of night and before except under the permission of the person in 
charge. Entry at other times may also be regulated. If possible, the new entrants 
to the hostels should be accommodated in a separate building away from other 
hostel buildings where the senior students reside. 
 (13) No person who is not a student of the concerned educational 
institution shall be allowed to enter the premises of that educational institutions 
or its hostel without obtaining prior permission of the principal of that institute. 
Provided that the parents or the guardian of the students shall not be required to 
take such permission in writing. 
6 (14) No person who is not studying in the given educational institution 
shall be allowed to enter any hostel of boys or girls attached to the concerned 
educational institution. However, by obtaining prior written permission of the 
warden of the hostel, he may be so allowed. Provided, however, that in case of 
girls hostel, no male student or any male person shall have any access to a girl 
inmates of the hostel except in the presence of the caretaker of the ladies hostel 
apart from obtaining advance permission of the warden for the purpose. 
 (15) Any girl inmate of the hostel who has gone out of the hostel 
premises for a personal errand shall return to the hostel latest by 9.00 p.m. If she 
is delayed, she should render written explanation there and then to the Caretaker 
of the hostel who shall allow her to enter the hostel occupy her seat in the room 
allotted to her on such written explanation submitted by her. The written 
explanation so submitted shall be forwarded to the warden of the hostel by the 
Caretaker as soon as possible but not later than 9.00 a.m., on the next day. 
 (16) Teaching staff and warden will be at liberty to check and inspect 
the hostel area at any time during night. 
 (17) Secret student vigilance groups shall be formed. They are expected 
to bring to the attention of the anti-ragging committee any incident of ragging in 
the college or outside. 
 (18) Confidential boxes should be installed at college to receive the 
complaints of the junior students to know about ragging incidents, if any. 
 (19) Migration certificates issued by the institution should have an entry 
apart from that of general conduct and behaviour whether the student had 
participated in and in particular was punished for ragging. 
 (20) Ragging can be stopped by creating awareness amongst the 
students/ teachers and parent that ragging is a reprehensible act which does no 
good to any one and by simultaneously generating an atmosphere of discipline 
by sending a clear message that no act of ragging shall not go unnoticed and 

 (21) Any student found to be indulging into any ragging activity shall 
be suspended immediately after communication is sent to him under the 
signature of the Principal of the concerned educational institution stating that he 
is alleged of’ indulging into ragging activity. Such student shall be debarred from 
7entering the campus of the educational institution or its hostel, except on any day 
at any time when he called upon by the authority of the school or by the Parents 
committee for tendering explanation or for defending his case. 
 (22) Anti-ragging movement should be initiated by the institution right 
from the time of advertisement for admission. The prospects, the form for 
admission must clearly mention that ragging is banned in the institution and any 
one indulging in ragging is likely to be punished appropriately which 
punishment may include expulsion from the institution, suspension from the 
institution or classes for a limited period or fine with a public apology. The 
punishment may also be taken the shape of :— 
 (i) withholding scholarships/fellowships; 
 (ii) debarring from representation in events; 
 (iii) withholding results; 
 (iv) withdrawing benefits like travel concessions and campus 
 (v) suspension or expulsion from hostel or mess, and the like. 
 (23) Photographs of students who have been involved in ragging and 
against whom prima facie cases are made out shall be published in the notice 
board put up in a conspicuous place, and also published in local News papers. In 
addition, students should be cautioned that the moment they indulge in ragging 
they would have a bleak future inasmuch as they would not be entitled ‘to get a 
passport or visa to go abroad, if a case is registered in the Police Station or if their 
academic records are tainted with black marks. 
 (24) If the commission of offence is so serious they may be restrained 
from participating in national and international meets, tournaments, youth 
festivals, quizzes and so on. 
 (25) Failure to prevent ragging shall be construed as act of negligence in 
maintaining discipline in the institution on the part of the management, the 
principal and the persons in authority of the institution. Similar responsibility 
shall be liable to be fixed on hostel warden/superintendents.  (26) Incentives and rewards shall be given for those who actively 
participate in measures for curbing the menace of ragging. Punishment for the 
offenders should be balanced by some incentives for non-offenders and those 
who help check the menace of ragging. 
8 (27) The offence of the ragging is not only punishable under section 4 of 
Andhra Pradesh Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997 but also under various 
provisions as envisaged in the relevant section of the Indian Penal Code 1860 
(Act 45/1860) and as per the specific directions to be given to the police officers 
for taking cognizance of such offences and criminal activities given by the 
authorities of the Police Department given from time to time. 
 (28) Ragging is cognizable offence. The same may be reported to the 
police. However, the police should be called in or allowed entry in the campus at 
the instance of the head of the institution or the person in charge. The police also 
deal with such incidents when brought to its notice for action by keeping in mind 
that they are dealing with students but not as criminals. The action of the police 
should never be violent and always be guided by correctional attitude. 
 (29) The above guidelines are only illustrative and are not intended to 
come in the way of institutions and authorities devising ways and means to curb 
the ragging. 

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